Committee: World Health Organization
Topic: Infant and Child Nutrition
Country: Equatorial Guinea
Malnutrition can affect a body in various ways, they can be found as overweight, wasting, stunting, or underweight. Malnutrition is a global issue that deeply affects Equatorial Guinea. Around the world, one third of the population suffers from malnutrition. Many third world countries in Africa suffer from lack of nutrition.
.Many children die before the age of five due to malnutrition. Not only does malnutrition cause insufficiency of nutrients inside of one’s body, it makes the body, especially if young, vulnerable to diseases and viruses. A sufficient amount of deaths due to malnutrition were caused by diseases that the body was not able to fight off because there was not a healthy amount of nutrients inside of the body. For infants under six months of age, severe acute malnutrition is increasingly being recognized.
As of 2000, Equatorial Guinea had 42.6% percent of their children stunting and 15.7% of their children underweight. Those numbers have since gone down to 26.2% stunting and 5.6% percent underweight in 2010. Along with the decrease of mortality before the age of five from 130.8 per 1,000 births in 2000 to 90.9 per 1,000 live births in 2016. The double burden that Equatorial Guinea faces is that there are both major rates of overweight individuals along with many underweight individuals. Equatorial Guinea happens to be wealthier than most in sub-saharan Africa, although it still faces child nutritional issues.
At the 11th Africa Taskforce on Food and Nutrition for Development (ATFFND) was hosted by Equatorial Guinea. The topic discussed was “investing in nutritious food for Refugees and internally displaced persons in Africa must be a priority”. This was the result of the major problem involving lack of food security for Refugees, Returnees and internally displaced persons. Although Equatorial Guinea plans to end malnutrition by 2020, only 7% of infants are excessively breastfed. Even with those numbers, Equatorial Guinea plans to eliminate malnutrition along with related issues.
The delegation of Equatorial Guinea looks forward to working with others, knowing how important children are as they are the future of our world.
- D'Yanie Hinton