The topics before the Social Humanitarian And Cultural Committee(SOCHUM) of Belgium: Combating Racism and Xenophobia and Human Trafficking. Human trafficking is the action or practice of illegally transporting people from one country or area to another. Racism and Xenophobia are similar but different, they are the prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior. Belgium is against all of these things and is trying to combat them.
The different ethnicities in Belgium are as follows 75.2% Belgian, 4.1% Italian, 3.7% Moroccan, 2.4% French, 2% Turkish, 2% Dutch, and 10.6% other. To battle racism and xenophobia in Belgium, the Belgium Anti-Racism Law was passed by the Federal Parliament of Belgium in 1981. The law makes certain acts motivated by racism or xenophobia illegal. Fighting racism and just discrimination in general is one of Belgium’s top priorities and Belgium is even one of the main sponsors for the UN conferences against racism.
In 2018 there were 369 cases of human trafficking in Belgium and half of the victims were trafficked for labor exploitation. Belgium is mainly a transit and destination country for victims trafficked for economic and sexual reasons. To help fight against human trafficking Belgium passed an amendment in 2005 to prohibit all forms of trafficking. The government continues to protect victims by funding multiple shelters for them and providing comprehensive assistance to the victims. There are currently three major organizations fighting against trafficking and enslavement and their battle consists of two components. The first is to offer practical legal, social, and physiological support to victims. The second is to raise awareness of the problem in order to show the public what’s happening and open their eyes to it.
As you can see Belgium is trying to combat these problems successfully. Belgium is against both of them happening and is trying to further prevent them. Human trafficking and racism and xenophobia are big problems that get a lot of light shone on them in Belgium. The number of problems associated with racism, xenophobia and human trafficking have gone down in the past years in Belgium.
- Allison Bontrager