September 16, 2019
 In 2021-Central African Republic

Country: Germany
Delegate Name: Aastha Patel

Special Political Committee
Central African Republic
Federal Republic of Germany
Aastha Patel
Forest Hills Eastern

The ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic between Ex-Séléka and Anti-Balaka has left the nation in a state of violent chaos. Violence erupted in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2012 when the rebel group, Séléka, accused the government of failing to abide by peace agreements. In 2013, the Séléka group ousted President Francois Bozize and forcibly seized power. New fighting began between Séléka and militias opposed to them called Anti-Balaka. Much of the tension is over religious identity between Muslim Séléka and Christian Balaka fighters. Years of conflict and instability have destroyed infrastructure and government institutions, leaving millions of Central Africans without access to clean water, health care, and nourishment. As of 2018, armed groups control more than two-thirds of the country and violence continues to spread into previously stable regions. Over the past few years, the Central African Republic has expanded greatly, however, this has not led to a positive effect on the citizens or lessened violence. The Federal Republic of Germany urges the committee to find a solution to control violent outbreaks and transitions in power in the government.

The Federal Republic of Germany calls upon other nations to help in increasing peace-making efforts. Germany desires to bring unity and peace, as well as increasing humanitarian aid to the people of the Central African Republic living in poverty. Germany is providing the Central African Republic with 8.5 million euros to improve the living conditions of the people because only three percent of Central Africans have access to running water. Furthermore, many water access points have been destroyed by violence or contaminated by dead bodies. Additionally, Germany is supporting the World Food Programme with 1.5 million Euros for refugees who are currently living in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Germany has also aided 3.5 million euros to support an emergency aid operation for food aid and security by the World Food Programme in the Central African Republic. Moreover, Germany has donated five million euros to aid sustainable food security, rehabilitation of infrastructure for water, sanitation and hygiene.

According to the United Nations, one in four Central Africans are displaced in and outside the nation, the same rate currently seen in the Syrian refugee crisis. Overall, 1.1 million central Africans have been displaced. About half a million have been driven into neighboring countries, while over 600,000 are displaced within the Central African Republic. Germany urges neighboring nations to support refugees by accepting them into their countries. Germany also urges nations to help with the food crisis in the Central African Republic by, but not limited to; food security and food donations, as the Central African Republic currently ranks worst on the Global Hunger Index. With a score of 50.7, it is the only country classified as extremely alarming as half the population does not have sufficient food. The Federal Republic of Germany urges nations to aid Central African children with humanitarian assistance and education, as 1.4 million children are currently in the need of humanitarian assistance and a third of all children are currently out of school, as education is one of the most effective ways to move children out of poverty. Germany would also like to find a solution that provides protection to humanitarians in the Central African Republic as it has become the most dangerous place for them, as nine were killed in the first quarter of 2018. Lastly, Germany would like to find a solution to bring back power to the government of the Central African Republic, becoming a democratic nation. For help, Germany can provide aid through monetary donations and any type of air transport.

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