Topic: 2023-De-escalation of Sectarian Conflict
Delegate Name: Faith Pawloski
As long as people have a difference in belief, religion, or political values, sectarian conflict will exist. Currently in Mozambique, an Islamic group know as ISIS-M continues to terrorize people in Cabo-Delgado. Because they are terrorizing both Christians and Muslims, it would be incorrect to describe it as a strictly sectarian conflict. However, the terrorists were only able to gain a foot-hold in Mozambique due to the unrest with the current government. With the police forces that should be protecting the people oppressing them instead, the outcome of violence should be expected when people feel their identity and freedoms are threatened.
The Cabo-Delgado conflict has caused a church to be burned to the ground, abductions, killings, and rape. Because of these, the U.S. has decided to intervene in this intrastate conflict and enact a “10 Year Strategy to Prevent Conflict.” All countries prefer to keep their sovereignty and it speaks to how dire the situation is in Mozambique that they are willing to accept help from the United States of America. This is due impart to the scandal when the government borrowed 2bn dollars which shook the trust of the local populace.
The delegation of Mozambique proposes that the UN first let the state in question attempt to resolve the conflict with their own forces and regulations; while not tied to sectarian conflict, the outbreak of cholera in Haiti is contributed to a UN force that went there after the earthquake im 2010. Because of the outbreak, 8,000 people died. However, UN intervention can also beneficial and essential. The UN should intervene after the domestic government has proved that it can not resolve the conflict and the identity any group or people’s natural rights are threatened.