September 16, 2019
 In 2022-Food Instability and Political Crises

Country: Nigeria
Delegate Name: Jackson Harlan

Country: Nigeria
Committee: UNDP
Topic: Food instability
Delegate: Jackson Harlan
School: Williamston High School

In these past few years, food instability has become one of the most prominent issues in Africa. Everything from dry land, and dying cattle to rising grain prices due to inflation has created unstable food sources all over the globe. It can lead to damage to a child’s ability to grow, serious medical complications, and the difficult decision of choosing whether to pay for food, bills, or other essential items. This year 828 million people go to sleep hungry every night and yet almost nothing is done. With Covid-19 and many conflicts such as the Russia-Ukraine conflict, we are only moving backward in solving this issue. Action must be taken because the world can not stay in this state.

19.4 million people will face food insecurity in Nigeria this year, this affects most of the country and thousands of displaced people who have come to the country looking for support. This is especially taking place in the northeast states due to the armed conflict and banditry occurring. The global phenomenon of inflation has also greatly impacted this crisis’s prominence. Nigeria is also enduring unemployment rates higher than ever which certainly contributes as well. In the past Nigeria has worked with the IFRC to give humanitarian aid to those who need it. Other actions taken in the past were the creation of the NALDA, DFFRI, the Green Revolution, and Operation Feed the Nation. Nigeria will continue to work for these goals in the future.

In the future, Nigeria will take steps to solve this crisis. One possible solution could be to turn barren fields into new farmland. In past years over 2.5 million people had benefited from this new source of food. Promoting mechanized farming, about 90% of Nigerian farmers use manual farming, slowing down the growth of food production. Another additional possibility is starting more initiatives to support women farmers, and small farmers which would create a whole new workforce in agriculture. Currently, conflict is arising on the northeast border of Nigeria and this has prohibited the country from taking action, but in the future action will be taken.