Committee: United Nations Development Programme
Topic: Disaster Risk Reduction
Delegate: Kiki Katsumata-Smith
Climate change has taken a tremendous toll on the World and the environment. The slightest increase in temperature can have disastrous impacts, including rising sea levels, and extreme weather, and deforestation. These effects are amplified for coastal countries, as they suffer the immediate consequences.
Specifically, India is suffering greatly from these impacts. This past season, India experienced some of their worst monsoons they had experienced in over 25 years, which had horrible effects in 22 states and caused thousands of deaths. India has already lost over 50% of their mangrove forests, and they are predicted to lose more with the rising sea levels. The increase in temperature will also lead to harsher monsoon seasons, causing more calamity for this country. According to the World Bank, an increase of 2ºC will cause India’s monsoon season to be highly unpredictable, and an increase of 4ºC will cause India to have extremely destructive monsoons every 10 years. The Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea are both predicted to have more intense cyclones, especially on the Eastern coast of India.
We agree with the GCF’s plans to help India reach its goals listed in the Paris Climate Agreement, and 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. The 2030 Agenda will help with the restoration of 15,000 hectares of Mangroves and Coral Reefs, and will also help protect the coastal cities against the rising sea levels. From these initiatives, 10 million people are expected to benefit from the shoreline protection, and over 3.5 million tonnes of CO2 will be sequestered through the restoration of the mangroves over the next 30 years. The Indian government has already taken action and has given $43 million to decrease carbon emissions, restore environments and protect the people living in the coastal states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Odisha.
- Kiki Katsumata-Smith