The military coup d’etat of Sudanese president Omar Al-Bashir in April 2019 has lead to massive instability in the nation. The current military regime, the Transitional Military Government (TMC) has committed many heinous acts upon the population of Sudan by brutally putting down protests for a civilian government. Condemnation by the international community and suspension from the African Union (AU) has forced the TMC to slowly give up authority to the civilian constituents in a three-year transitional period. At the end of this period, democratic elections are to be held and the current governing body is to be replaced with a civilian government. The role of the UNSC is to assure that this process will continue to go through and that the previous brutal human rights violations committed by the TMC and the former Bashir government do not happen again.
The UN has maintained its two peacekeeping missions in Sudan, United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA). In June of this year, the AU temporarily suspended Sudan until it was clear that some form of stability was established. Now that the TMC has agreed to transition the government of Sudan in a set amount of time the suspension of Sudan from the AU has been lifted.
Equatorial Guinea believes that Sudan as of now is making the right steps and with some assistance from the international community Sudan can recover from its current crisis. Equatorial Guinea believes that many of the sanctions put on Sudan should be lifted and that the international community should work to revitalize the Sudanese economy. Many of the issues in Sudan are economic and the crisis in Sudan can not be fixed with a failing economy. Sudan must heal its relations with the AU and the broader international community if it hopes to function and succeed on the world stage.
Equatorial Guinea reaffirms the solution of the economic stimulation of the Sudanese economy. Support in the form of food, water, and shelter should also be given to the citizens of Sudan who are suffering greatly from the many crises across the nation. The UN also must form a resolution that assures that the transitional government fulfills its promises of holding democratic elections at the end of its three-year transitional period.
- Arjun Singh