United Nations Development Programme
Disaster Risk Reduction
Luis F. Vazquez
It is largely impossible to entirely stop any natural disaster, and many times it is impossible to even predict when a natural disaster might even happen. Historically the natural disasters causing the most deaths to take place within the Asain continent. The world’s deadliest disaster was in July of 1931 consisting of flooding killing between 1 to 4 million people and china takes up 5 of the 10 deadliest disasters. Floodings are the most dangerous types of natural disasters because of the number of people that will have to relocate due to the damages done by flooding. Today Flooding threatens to displace nearly 18 million people, 80 percent of those people living in urban and peri-urban areas. In June of 2007, the UN General Assembly held its first session of the global platform on disaster reduction recognizing the vast danger to all member states that a natural disaster can have.
The Portuguese republic’s capital city, Lisbon, is in great danger of flooding caused by global warming, and not only losing much of the territory held in Lisbon but through the whole Portuguese coastline. In light of global warming’s looming effect on all coastlines because of rising ocean levels Portugal has had to consider the implications it might mean for the residents and their housing status. In Portugal, flooding forced 13,372 people to be displaced and 40,283 people to become homeless. The Lisbon earthquake of 1755 ravaged Lisbon land with floods and those areas which were not flooded were lit on fire because of candles used in churches. Portugal has put in place lots of infrastructure in place to stop the catastrophe that river flash floods can cause. Even though there are many barriers in the case of natural disasters like the employment of dams, there are disasters where there is simply not enough time to be fully prepared to stop the effects of natural disasters.
Portugal proposes for all member states who are not commonly affected by catastrophic events to provide resources whether those be monetary or structural in the form of employing their own companies to build support in the efforts of stopping large natural disaster damage. Those member states that are affected by natural disasters and are helped by other member states Shall thank helping Member states by supplying scarce resources relative to their own resources.
- Luis F. Vazquez