September 16, 2019
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 In GLIMUN2019: Ebola

The Ebola Virus (EVD) is a deadly virus that attacks the human immune system. The Ebola Virus Disease was likely unknown in humans until 1976, when two outbreaks occurred at the same time in West Africa.  Since then, there have been several serious outbreaks of the disease. Beginning in 2014, there was a two year outbreak of the disease, again in West Africa. This was the most extensive outbreak as well as the most difficult for the global health community to control.  Almost 30.000 persons were infected, and over 10.000 died before the disease was finally controlled. Four years later there was a smaller but just as deadly Ebola outbreak in DR Congo, near the Rwanda / Burundi borders. This outbreak killed a higher percentage of those infected, even though those sickened were only 10% of those taking ill in 2014.  The virus in both cases were forms of what was found to be the Zaire Ebola strain.

 

Once into the body, EVD will start to cause vomiting, diarrhea and rashes. Then an infected person’s body will begin to bleed both externally and internally which is incredibly painful, and also how the disease will kill. This happens as quickly as 6 or 16 days after the symptoms appear. In 2019 alone, the number of reported EVD cases were at 3000.  Like many other illnesses, such as influenza, malaria, and typhoid fever, Ebola can have similarities in symptoms, causing high fever, bleeding, and intestinal distress. The only way a person can spread the Ebola virus to others is through direct contact of bodily fluids after they have developed symptoms. EVD is a deadly disease, and one of the most effective contagious viruses, and it needs to be stomped out completely.

 

The State of Qatar is willing and prepared to contribute to the fight against the virus.  In response to the outbreak in 2014 we donated 1,000,000 USD to fight Ebola. Given the fact that The State of Qatar has the highest GNI in the world our efforts have been partly financial. Another way The State of Qatar contributes is through scientific research of the EVD itself.  In 2012 The State of Qatar deployed experts to help contribute to the creation of an international team of researchers to help combat the virus. In 2014 The State of Qatar began to spread educational messages on how to stop the spread of the virus to people related to or anywhere near where Ebola infection was found.

 

As far as a resolution, the State of Qatar recommends that all countries and members of the WHO began to heavily educate their citizens about the flow and spread of viruses. Not only should they educate citizens in and near areas of an outbreak, they should continue to donate to the efforts of the WHO. Countries should also continue to research the origins of the EVD virus and ways to exterminate it. The State of Qatar strongly believes that the recommended actions of the WHO’s response plan should be closely followed. In conclusion, Qatar believes the WHO should continue to stop the spread of the outbreak, treat those infected by the outbreak, preserve stability in regions affected by EVD, continue to research EVD, and lastly to continue to prevent the transmission of EVD.

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ebola-virus-disease

  • Qatar
  • Kessonga Allen

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