September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Militarization of Outer Space

Country: Japan
Delegate Name: Neel Grover

As a nation whose identity is intricately woven with innovation and international cooperation, Japan recognizes the pressing need to deliberate on the challenges that the militarization of outer space presents. Our position is anchored in the belief that, as stewards of this unique domain, we must collectively uphold the principles that safeguard outer space for the betterment of humanity. Japan’s narrative is one of collaboration, foresight, and a resolute commitment to a future where outer space remains a beacon of scientific exploration, innovation, and global harmony.

The militarization of outer space poses unprecedented challenges to the international community. As we navigate this complex issue, it is crucial to appreciate its historical context, geopolitical implications, and current status. The expansion of human activities in outer space has accelerated, making it imperative to uphold the principles outlined in international agreements. Japan acknowledges the historical significance of the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, which has provided a foundation for guiding nations toward peaceful cooperation in space activities. As a space-faring nation, Japan has actively contributed to various international programs aimed at advancing scientific research, technology, and collaboration in outer space.

Japan unequivocally opposes the militarization of outer space. Our stance is grounded in the belief that outer space should remain a sanctuary for scientific exploration, technological innovation, and international cooperation. We advocate for the prevention of the weaponization of outer space and stress the need for transparent, confidence-building measures among nations. The potential consequences of militarizing space, including accidental conflicts, debris generation, and global security risks, underline the urgency of collective action. Japan firmly believes that diplomatic and cooperative approaches are essential to addressing security concerns without compromising the peaceful use of outer space.

Japan has a distinguished history of contributing to the peaceful uses of outer space. Our nation played a vital role in the development of the International Space Station (ISS), providing modules and contributing to groundbreaking research. Additionally, Japan has advanced satellite technology for Earth observation, climate monitoring, and disaster management, showcasing our commitment to global well-being. Our diplomatic efforts include active participation in discussions within COPUOS(Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space) and other relevant forums to address challenges related to space security. Japan consistently advocates for responsible behavior in outer space and engages in dialogue to promote transparency and build trust among nations.

Japan encourages the development of international norms and guidelines explicitly prohibiting the deployment of weapons in outer space. Multilateral agreements and adherence to existing treaties, such as the Outer Space Treaty, are essential for maintaining the peaceful use of outer space. Establishing mechanisms for increased transparency regarding space activities is a vital part of keeping outer space open. Regular information exchanges on space policies, strategies, and activities will contribute to building trust and reducing the likelihood of misunderstandings among nations. Establishing a framework for dialogue among space-faring nations will facilitate the peaceful resolution of disputes and prevent the escalation of tensions.

In conclusion, Japan reaffirms its commitment to the peaceful uses of outer space and urges the international community to collaborate in addressing the challenges posed by its militarization. We stand ready to contribute our expertise, technology, and resources to initiatives promoting the responsible and peaceful use of outer space. Let us collectively strive to preserve the integrity of outer space for the benefit of present and future generations. Japan remains open to collaboration with fellow nations and organizations in achieving these common goals.