September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Repatriation of Refugees

Country: Jordan
Delegate Name: Hadley Abrutyn

The repatriation of refugees is a prevalent issue for developing countries that are housing them, such as Jordan. Jordan houses over two million refugees, over 1.3 million of which are Syrian refugees. Around 80% live in host communities, and 17% in refugee camps. The conditions of these camps are not terrible, but still pose concerns such as health and hygiene. At least 70% of children in these camps are receiving education, and Syrian refugees are also allowed to work in certain sectors, giving them access to livelihood opportunities. But Jordan cannot afford the housing of refugees all alone, as much of funding comes from outside financial aid.

Voluntary repatriation is the act of a refugee returning to their place of origin of their own volition once the conditions have been resolved. This is the best option for refugees and the receiving country, as the refugees get temporary asylum until they are safe to go back, and the country does not have to permanently house them. The United Nations established the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, or UNHCR, to assist with the ongoing problems and overall crisis. The UNHCR has taken steps to support voluntary repatriation, there are still many issues to work around, such as hunger, homelessness, lack of clean water and medical resources. For these reasons, as well as others, the Human Rights Council must help the UNHCR with this cause.

The living conditions of refugees in Jordan has significantly worsened, with cost of living and job decrease on the rise. The country of Jordan is open to working with the countries of origin to improve conditions and safety, or to find any solutions to better the health and living conditions for the refugees currently living in Jordan. Jordan has been a major player in providing asylum for refugees and has the second largest refugee population per capita. UNHCR is actively working with the Jordanian government, partners, and donors to ensure continued access to services and sustained humanitarian and development support to the refugee response. Jordan would like to resolve these problems by improving quality of living in refugee camps and host communities and increasing access to jobs and healthcare.

The country of Jordan sees fit that the committee focus on the continued repatriation of refugees, and assurance of safe reintegration to their place of origin. There is a plethora of issues to focus on, including the insurance of human rights and access to safe water and healthcare, and a plan of action in the case of conflict reemerging in their country of origin.