Country: Russian Federation
Delegate Name: Julia Callahan
Topic: Militarization of Outer Space
Country: Russian Federation
Delegate: Julia Callahan
School: East Grand Rapids HS
Russian Federation notes that with the progression of technology, the militarization of outer space is imperative to address and modulate. The militarization of outer space commenced in the 1960’s with the the Soviet Union and the United States placing military communication satellites in orbit. Russian Federation applauds the 1963 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, inaugurating peaceful use of outer space and prevention of nuclear weapons. Russian Federation acknowledges the negotiation of the 2002 Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) treaty, which enforces the prohibition of arms races regarding outer space, recognizing the consequences of the Cold War nuclear weapon arms race.
Russian Federation recognizes the privilege of being one of the few countries currently conducting a full range of activities in outer space. Russian Federation acknowledges the progression of the militarization of outer space by the Soviet Union, notably the 1957 launch of the Sputnik 1 satellite, the 1960s-1970s arms race between the Soviet Union and the United States, and the implementation of a plethora of military space programs. Russian Federation commends the Soviet Union’s military space programs, such as the 1960s-1970s Almaz Program, the employment of military space stations with the purpose of surveillance of Earth, the 1960s-1970s IS-A Satellite Series with the function of ELINT and SIGINT collection, and the 1960s-1970s Istrebitel Sputniks with ASAT objectives. Russian Federation acknowledges the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) proposal by the United States, significantly affecting the interactions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Russian Federation commends post-Soviet Union outer space militarization activity, such as the Rocosmos space program and the signing of The Agreement Concerning Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes was an agreement between the United States of America (U.S.A) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) encouraging cooperation and forestalling of weaponization in outer space. Russian Federation commends the International Space Station, which partners with member states such as the United States, Japan, and Canada, as well as the European Union with observer status at the UN. Russian Federation joined the ISS in December 1993, cooperating on joint space missions. Reestablished in August 2015, the Russian Space Force is now an individual branch of the Air and Space Forces (VKS)
Russian Federation endorses early warning system programs modeled after the Russian Federation’s own Space Forces Early Warning System (SPRN), Tundra, Voronezh Radar Network, and Okno Optical. Russian Federation encourages military satellite programs such as the Russian Federation’s own Kosmos Series and Persona. Russian Federation stresses the discussion and further negotiation of the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, the Threat or Use of Force Against Outer Space Objects (PPWT) treaty.
Russian Federation strongly believes in the militarization of outer space with adamant opposition to further weaponization of outer space. Russian Federation encourages the expedite of early warning system development as well as military satellite implementation. Russian Federation endorses peaceful and unhostile advancement of outer space activity, stressing militarization without weaponization.