September 16, 2019
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 In Central African Republic

Country: Niger
Delegate Name: Nico Gandarias Sáez

Nicolás Gandarias Sáez
Forest Hills Central High School
Republic of Niger
Special Political Committee: Central African Republic

The origin of the Central African Republic war goes back to 2003 when general Francis Bozize ousted the first democratically elected president leading to the George Bush 2004 CAR Civil War. Two peace treaties were signed in 2001 and 2011. In 2012 rebel militia groups united as an anti-government coalition called the Seleka and began taking control of cities and finally the capital, Bangui. After that the Seleka dissolved but its different militias still have an important role. The war has been characterized by the struggle between the ex-Seleka militias and the anti-Balaka militia. The ex-Seleka militias are bound to their roots as largely Muslim, nomadic people with control in the north and east while the anti-Balaka are Christian, agricultural people. Since 2014 the country has been divided in two parts controlled by the two sides. The UN and other entities have tried to send peace forces but CAR is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for people who visit it.

Niger is not affected by this situation, but we hope that people in CAR find peace. We have bigger economic and political problems in our country so we won´t send any money for help but we can help in other ways if it is required.

We propose to send more peace forces and to try to get both sides into an agreement maybe having to divide the country into two different new independent nations if it is necessary for affording peace.We think that communicating with both of the sides in the war is key to find this agreement and that independence would probably be the best solution.

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