Topic: 2023-Repatriation of Refugees
Country: United Kingdom
Delegate Name: Ananya Arulmurugan
The repatriation of refugees has been a prevalent issue on the world stage for a while, and it is more crucial now than ever to find a solution to this pressing topic. It is important to recognize the various challenges refugees face throughout the process of repatriation, including education, job searching, and funding. The World Bank estimates that there are over 30 million refugees globally. These refugees need to be safely repatriated to their own country if it is safe. In the past, the UNHCR has successfully repatriated refugees in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Burundi. While these missions were overall a success, the refugees faced many challenges and human rights violations. National opinions on refugees are decreasing and therefore it is important to change the citizens’ views on asylum seekers from other countries. Another important concern to address is the treatment of refugees once they are back in their home countries. Recognizing that there are too many refugees for a few countries to deal with is also pertinent to this discussion. the distribution of refugees needs to be handled more equally so it does not result in a few countries taking the burden of 30 million people.
In the UK there are currently about 78,687 asylum seekers which is a 19% increase from the previous year. The United Kingdom is eager to find a safe repatriation process to be able to accommodate refugees whose situations are more dire. The United Kingdom believes that it is especially critical to recognize the funding portion of this problem and that it is crucial to ensure the stability of the home country before starting the process of repatriation. The UK thinks it is very important to find a way to improve on the current repatriation policies in a way that further champions human rights
The United Kingdom acknowledges that this issue is very multifaceted and requires a comprehensive solution to solve it truly. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees identifies 3 possible long-term solutions for the refugees. Voluntary repatriation is the best solution, it involves the refugees in question going back to their home countries and resettling. However, it is also important to acknowledge the other two options in case, the refugees’ home countries are not safe. Those two solutions are integration within the host country and resettlement in another country. The United Nations High Commissioner has connected each of the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) to a problem that refugees face. This identifies some of the challenges that refugees face such as inequality in host countries, consumption and production patterns with host and home countries, and sustainable peace in the home countries of the refugees. documentation should be required of all refugees who wish to enter another country. documentation of refugees helps decide the eligibility of repatriation. A fund should also be dedicated to helping home countries recover from their disaster. This fund should be used to provide food, shelter, and other essential resources to refugees. It should also include resources for education, healthcare, and other necessities. Governments should also work together to assist those in need. The UK also has various non-profit organizations to help these efforts such as Amnesty International and Asylum Aid. both of which are dedicated to improving the conditions of refugees’ lives.