September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Reduction of Military Budgets

Country: India
Delegate Name: Claire Williams

Military budgeting has been continuous in the entire world. Military budgeting is defined as defense budgeting is the amount of financial resources dedicated by the country to regulate and maintain armed forces for essential purposes. The amount that the state is willing to put into its army is dependent on the ideals of that state and how much the government is willing to fund. The military budget pays for salaries, training, health care, maintaining arms, equipment, facilities, operations, and developing items. The first major spike in military spending recorded in turn taxes was at the beginning of the 19th century. During World War I, the United States spent 22% of the gross domestic product. This allowed the Allied Forces to turn the tide in favor of Britain and France. This led to the victory in November 1918 with the soldiers and resources the United States provided.

India has the fourth largest military in the entire world, so it must supply its grand army with resources. Around 2% of GDP is spent on the military, which is still lower than China which spends 1.45 trillion yuan. India prides itself on the significance of its expeditionary force which consists of the Indian Corps and Indian Calvary Corps. The history of their army goes back to January 26th, 1950. India’s army has a great emphasis on training, its soldiers are known for their discipline, endurance, and bravery. Combining this with extensive combat experience, new-tech weapons, and the United States’ extensive network of military satellites allows India to be ready for any attacks from neighboring countries. India had many wars involving Pakistan about establishing a Muslim-majority Pakistan and a Hindu-majority India, and which nation would incorporate the states of Jammu and Kashmir. The debate over the state led to the first India-Pakistan War in 1947 and ended with the UN’s involvement.

India firmly believes that reducing military budgeting is harmful. Lowering the budget could cause long-term effects that reduce human capital development because of fewer military jobs. Additionally, a reduction in national productivity with lower defense spending means less was spent on the development of new technology. In addition to the protection of national security, India believes in their allies such as the United Arab Emirates, Russian Federation, Israel, Afghanistan, France, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and the United States. However, they are ready in case of any disruption in Southern Asia that involves Indian aid.