Delegate Name: Harpreet Kaur
The Republic of Sudan has a long-standing history of providing refuge to displaced populations, with over one million refugees currently residing in the country, primarily from South Sudan, Eritrea, Syria, and Ethiopia. However, the ongoing conflict between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) since mid-April 2023 has resulted in significant displacement within Sudan and neighboring countries. The government of Sudan recognizes the importance of voluntary repatriation for internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees and does not endorse forced repatriation. The return of large numbers of South Sudanese, who had previously fled violence in their own country, is giving rise to a mass, spontaneous, and uncoordinated repatriation movement.
In collaboration with UN agencies, the Republic of Sudan has primarily focused on facilitating the onward movement of displaced individuals to their areas of origin, aiming to prevent the formation of prolonged temporary camps. However, a more comprehensive approach is required to address the needs of these individuals in the long run. To this end, the Human Rights Council (HRC) should collaborate to develop and execute a comprehensive repatriation strategy that prioritizes the provision of immediate life-saving assistance while concurrently preparing a sustainable plan that integrates the movement to and development of areas of return. Such an approach would ensure the well-being of displaced persons and facilitate their successful reintegration into society.
The Republic of Sudan acknowledges the gravity of the refugee crisis and is fully committed to collaborating with the international community to alleviate the suffering of those affected. In addition to providing immediate emergency aid, Sudan recognizes the importance of mitigating long-term risks and undertaking sustainable development programs in areas of return. The aim is to facilitate the safe and dignified return of refugees to their homes while also ensuring the stability and prosperity of the communities they return to. Such measures will require close cooperation between Sudan and its international partners.