September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Use of the Death Penalty

Country: Sudan
Delegate Name: Harpreet Kaur

Capital Punishment’s role in countries plays a huge part in how they handle offenders and repeat offenders. The issue of crime is a major concern, with an estimated 2,000,000 people having been victims of various crimes ranging from assault to murder. The absence of sufficient laws to address these issues has resulted in criminals becoming more careless and bolder in their actions. The Republic of Sudan recognizes the ongoing global debate concerning the utilization of capital punishment. As an autonomous nation, Sudan retains the authority to maintain its lawful and judicial systems, which currently incorporate the practice of the death penalty. The Sudanese Criminal Act of 1991 authorizes capital punishment under Article 27. This legislation is grounded in the principles of Sharia law, which involves the imposition of severe sanctions ranging from corporal punishment, such as amputation, to the death penalty. The death penalty is reserved for offenses that are considered detrimental to the state, such as espionage, incitement of war against the state, and actions that are viewed as subverting the constitutional order. Other crimes include murder, the instigation of a minor to commit suicide, and crimes of honor, public morality, and reputation.

The Republic of Sudan recognizes and upholds its obligations to comply with international human rights standards. However, it is important to note that the application of the death penalty in Sudan is still legal and does not contravene its domestic law. The Sudanese Constitutional Declaration of 2019 still sanctions the death penalty, including for a hudud crime such as adultery. While Sudan acknowledges the concerns expressed by the international community regarding the use of the death penalty, it maintains that any modifications to its legal system must abide by its cultural, religious, and societal norms. It is worth noting that Sudanese law provides for due process and a fair trial for all individuals accused of a crime, including those punished by the death penalty. In addition, it is the policy of the Sudanese government to ensure that the death penalty is only used in the most serious cases and with the utmost respect for human dignity. Sudan remains open to dialogue and cooperation with the international community to ensure that its legal practices align with its international human rights obligations while respecting its sovereignty, cultural and religious traditions, and legal system.

Sudan urges the United Nations to respect the sovereignty of nations and their right to determine their legal systems. It also encourages constructive dialogue and cooperation to address human rights concerns. Sudan is committed to working with the international community to promote and protect human rights within its borders.