September 16, 2019
Username:
 In 2023-Situation in Sudan

Topic:
Country: Brazil
Delegate Name: Jasmine Mand

Sudan is enduring a situational crisis at the present time. A civil war erupts in the nation in a fight for power. The Rapid Support Forces (RSF) want to know how to be integrated with the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF). These forces also battle for leadership of the new military. This war has spread from the capital of Khartoum to other scattered cities, forcibly, 4.5 million civilians to be displaced. Of those, 1 million have fled to neighboring states, and over 4,000 killed. Since many people are pushing into South Sudan, they need help with humanitarian aid. $2.6 billion is needed to help support the 18 million Sudanese people. Without correct healthcare, hygiene, food, and human rights protection, these people can’t survive. The large crisis revolves around protecting the humanitarian aid workers and securing supplies. Many trucks have been looted for food and harassment has occurred with health care workers. Innovations within technological advancements and safer delivery of supplies can help. The Center for Strategic and International Studies states, “International aid to Sudan should focus on partnerships that do not rely solely on the approval of the warring factions, but instead connect directly with the civilian populations” (“Center for Strategic and International Studies”). Brazil recognizes and supports the aid needed for Sudan and is willing to help. Brazil would additionally support the two forces calling a ceasefire and ending the conflict.

The Federative Republic of Brazil realizes the humanitarian aid risks that many people have to face. Brazil has put some police force within the borders of South Sudan to help with the displaced people from Sudan. They have partnered up with the Near East Foundation NGO to assist people in Sudan and bring peace through economic cooperation. With this collaboration, access to goods and services becomes easier to handle. Another solution to the humanitarian aid crisis can be connecting with more local partners that know the region to secure the supplies. The Brazilian government has been coordinating with other countries that also have citizens in Sudanese territory to establish coordinated evacuation measures, to be implemented as soon as security conditions permit (gov.br). Recently, Brazil has also suffered humanitarian aid and refugee problems from Venezuela. Brazil has hosted 406,000 refugees, representing 18% of Venezuela’s population. During this time, the United States assisted the country by programming $1.1 billion to protect the Venzulainan people. With this crisis, Brazil understands the situation for Sudan and its neighboring countries. Developing new routes by air can help deliver the products safely. Despite the high cost, Brazil’s contribution can assist by funding and distributing aid to ensure the protection of the workers.

The Federative Republic of Brazil requests the United Nations to de-escalate the conflict between the SFA and the RSF to control the displaced people. Brazil insures to help fund humanitarian aid for safer clinics, secure food/resources, shelters, and health care. Countries that are willing to assist can add more funding and connect with NGOs to help distribute products faster. Also, developing technological advancements would help with precise humanitarian response. Brazil is growing and innovating as the future beholds and is willing to help with this crisis.

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