Delegate Name: Shriya Reddy
The death penalty has been a topic of discussion for several decades. In the past almost all of the countries practiced the death penalty; however, in 1846 Michigan was the first to abolish the death penalty. Ever since then, several other countries have seen this penalty as immoral and inhumane. This topic is important for the committee to discuss because the majority of countries have opposing viewpoints on the death penalty and if the committee discusses this topic it will allow most countries to gauge where other countries stand regarding the penalty. This topic is important to the Republic of Kazakhstan because we believe the death penalty is immoral, inhumane, and unnecessary. Additionally, on December 18, 2007, the United Nations voted 104 to 54 on the prohibition of the death penalty globally.
The death penalty is not a topic of discussion in the Republic of Kazakhstan anymore because it has been abolished, but before there was heavy debate around the topic. Until 2021 the death penalty was abolished for ordinary crimes but it was permitted for crimes in special circumstances; however, in 2021, the Republic of Kazakhstan has abolished the use of the death penalty for all crimes. Kazakhstan has signed the Second Option Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which causes signatory countries to abolish the death penalty. On December 29, 2021, the president of Kazakstan publicly ratified the law which removed the death penalty.
Furthermore, the Republic of Kazakhstan hopes all nations not on board with abolishing the death penalty consider the facts as to why keeping the penalty is immoral and inhumane. We hope the international community puts all their research, time, and knowledge into convincing all nations to abolish the death penalty. We believe the solution to replace the death penalty would be life in prison. Kazakstan hopes every country realizes the dire need for every nation to be on the same page because if one nation imposes the death penalty then convicts and citizens from that country can go against the governing authority calling them corrupt.