September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Pandemic Preparedness and Prevention

Country: India
Delegate Name: Xindy Jiang

COVID-19 has affected the entire global community throughout a widespread virus that has originated in Wuhan, China. Over the past few years, 760 million cases and 6.9 million deaths have been recorded since December of 2019. This pandemic has been spread through physical contact and airborne transmission such as being too close to an infected person, coughing, and sneezing. India has been largely affected by this widespread virus with 44.70 million cases and more than 500,000 deaths. With a plethora of diseases and new possible variants of COVID-19, we face many new outbreaks of new viruses throughout the world as time progresses. According to WHO’s Disease Outbreak News (DON) there have been more than 60 reports of outbreaks worldwide starting from Janurary of 2023. Common airborne diseases that still present a huge health concern to many countries are still impacting us, with examples like Influenza, Measles, and the most recent, COVID-19.

As a country who is ranked second on the worlds most populated countires, India has a population of approximately 1.4 billion people (since 2023), therefore, widespread diseases can be easily transmitted throughout the daily lives of many people and can place a heavy burden on the countries economic and social infrastructure. Additionally, India plays an important part in the global supply chain, so if any of the regions near or in South Asia becomes affected by a widespread virus, then the global economy of the world would collapse. Even first world countries would be presented by many problems such as inflation, scarcity, unemployment, loss of income, and many more. As of today, the United States Center for Disease and Control (CDC) has collaborated with the goverment of India and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and has been very sucsessful with addressing their public health priorities. CDC and many other national partneres are prepared to facilliate global health security capabilities.

India proposes to launch a global initiative on strengthening and providing better healthcare systems throughout the world, especially second and third-world countries. Every country should be supplied healthcare technology, including a sustainable amount of medical devices, doctors, and scientists in the fields of medicine and epidemiology. India also believes that a secure quarantine system should be established in every country or region in case of any outbreak. We can learn from COVID-19 that early detection of diseases and viruses are essential to prevention of outbreaks. Therefore, we promote safe quarintine practices, depending on the intensity of the disease. For example, if the outbreak is spreading rapidly, quarintines should be set firmly within the area or city of origin until the disease has been detected or contained. People should practice social distancing as well as wearing masks, and even limiting social gatherings and events. If there is no virus present, then everyone can take causal precautions. In addition, airports and shipping ports should have strict policies of detecting viruses and a better cleaning system to prevent the transmission of diseases. The stronger these systems become, the better chances we will have to prevent and prepare for a pandemic.

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