September 16, 2019
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 In Israel-Palestine

Country: Mexico
Delegate Name: Anika Deshpande

The animosity between the Jewish state of Israel and the Arab state of Palestine is based on land and religious disputes. In 1948, Britain evacuated their colony, Mandatory Palestine, amidst the increasing uprisings against British rule and tensions between the Jewish and Arab people. After the evacuation, Jewish leaders established the state of Israel. This upset many of the Arab peoples, causing a war and the eviction of many Palestinians from their homes. When the fighting ended, Israel controlled most of the land, and Palestine had become a minority and a subsequent target of the Israeli military’s movement. The United States’ intervention to help quell the conflict has been largely unsuccessful; recently, a ceasefire for an outbreak of violence was issued by the United Nations Security Council. Due to the increasing employment of guerilla warfare over the past few decades in the conflict, the number of internally displaced persons, refugees, and civilian casualties has skyrocketed. According to a report of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), more than five million refugees are in need of humanitarian assistance. The Special Political Committee is tasked with resolving the political turmoil between Israel and Palestine, such as a set of governments that can mitigate religious and territorial conflict, while also providing aid to the many Palestinian refugees that are vulnerable to the clash.

In the past, Mexico has been firm on its emphasis of protecting the human rights of the people stuck in the conflict. In May of 2021, the United Mexican States voted to launch an investigation into violations in the fighting between Israel and Palestine. Mexico also emphasized its neutral stance on the conflict, but as of yet has not recognized Palestine as a sovereign power. Mexico, however, urges the two warring opponents to reduce their military operations so that humanitarian aid can be deployed. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs implored the parties involved in the Israel-Palestine conflict to “reject violence and provocation”, and articulated their disappointment in the eviction of Palestinian civilians as ruled by the Israeli Supreme Court.

The United Mexican States calls on the United Nations to work towards a strong humanitarian effort in the Israel-Palestine conflict, and asks that available resources should be directed to the reconstruction of infrastructure in Palestine. Mexico also hopes that refugees will be accepted into all countries. Although Mexico encourages the coexistence of Judaism and Islam, Mexico understands the need for two states to moderate the needs of the citizens. Ultimately, a resolution that allocates resources for the refugee crisis and establishes a strong two-state solution will be the most effective in resolving the hundred-year-long conflict between Israel and Palestine.

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