September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Militarization of Outer Space

Country: Mexico
Delegate Name: Anish Kulkarni

Mexico firmly opposes the militarization of outer space. As one of the 18 founding members of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Mexico has signed and ratified all five United Nations Treaties concerning outer space. We have also committed to the Space Debris Mitigation Committee and endorsed the space debris mitigation treaty. This treaty mandates that States Parties return any “foreign” space objects found within their territory to their rightful owners and report such discoveries to the Secretary-General. For Mexico, it is imperative to safeguard near-Earth space for future generations.

The militarization of space would inevitably lead to an increase in space debris, which could be impossible to mitigate. This poses a significant environmental threat as the debris can release harmful chemicals into the atmosphere, contributing to ozone layer depletion. According to the government of the state of Tennessee, increased UV radiation due to ozone depletion can result in a higher incidence of skin cancer, cataracts, and weakened immune systems. Excessive UV exposure is believed to contribute to the rise in melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. Given Mexico’s humid climate, this issue becomes particularly concerning for our citizens.
Furthermore, the militarization of space could potentially trigger another arms race, reminiscent of the Cold War between the USA and Russia. During that period, the creation of the atomic bomb led to a dangerous escalation, with both nations amassing enough nuclear weapons to ensure Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). This meant that either country could annihilate the other, making any attack too risky. If such a scenario were to unfold in outer space, it would undoubtedly incite widespread panic and global fear.

In light of these potential threats, Mexico advocates for a strict proposition to prohibit anti-satellite weapons and weapon bases in space. This measure would safeguard the global commons while still allowing non-weaponized military operations. Another proposal we endorse is the development of more eco-friendly rocket launch systems that minimize space debris. While such initiatives are already being implemented by companies like SpaceX in America, we believe it is crucial to enforce this practice globally.

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