September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Reduction of Military Budgets

Country: Bangladesh
Delegate Name: Brady Mason

Topic: 2023- Military Budget
Country: Bangladesh
Delegate Name: Brady Mason

The budget of the military in Bangladesh refers to the financial allocations and
expenditures dedicated to the country’s defense and security forces. This budgetary
allocation takes place within the broader fiscal framework of the national budget,
encompassing funds for personnel, equipment, infrastructure, and operational expenses
of the armed forces. In Bangladesh, the military budget involves three main branches:
the army, navy, and air force. The allocation is a critical aspect of national governance
and security strategy, impacting the lives of millions across the country in various ways.
The military budget affects the size and capabilities of the armed forces, influencing the
defense readiness and response capabilities to potential threats. The allocation also
has socio-economic implications as it competes with other sectors for resources,
potentially influencing development initiatives. The issue of military budgeting in
Bangladesh gained significance in the context of regional security concerns and
geopolitical dynamics, with periodic reviews and adjustments reflecting the evolving
security landscape in South Asia.
The military budget is a pivotal component of national security and resource
allocation. The United Nations has advocated for responsible spending practices
globally, emphasizing the need for member states, including Bangladesh, to balance
military expenditures with social and economic development. Although there isn’t a
specific UN resolution directly addressing military budgets, the Sustainable
Development Goals and various arms control treaties indirectly touch upon the
importance of maintaining a balanced approach to military spending for stability and
sustainable development. The two perspectives on the military budget in Bangladesh
involve finding an equilibrium between addressing national security needs and
prioritizing socio-economic development. Advocates underscore the necessity of a
robust military budget for safeguarding against potential threats, while critics argue for
allocating resources to address socio-economic challenges, highlighting the ongoing
challenge for policymakers to strike a balance that addresses both security concerns
and broader national development objectives.
Influencing the country’s overall development and security landscape. The
allocation of resources to the military has had a notable impact on national finances,
shaping the balance between defense preparedness and socio-economic development.
Bangladesh, recognizing the need to address both security concerns and broader
development goals, has engaged in a continuous effort to strike a balance in military

budgeting. The country’s leaders have undertaken initiatives to ensure transparency
and accountability in military expenditures, aiming to align defense needs with broader
national priorities. As Bangladesh grapples with evolving security challenges and the
imperative for socio-economic progress, the management of the military budget remains
a dynamic and critical aspect of the nation’s governance and strategic planning.
A potential solution to address the military budget involves a balanced approach
that considers both national security requirements and socio-economic development.
The country may support initiatives that enhance transparency and accountability in
military expenditures, ensuring that defense allocations align with strategic needs. This
could involve regular reviews and assessments of the military budget to optimize
resource allocation. Funding for such initiatives could be facilitated through a
collaborative effort, possibly involving international partnerships, to share the financial
burden. Bangladesh might advocate for assistance from the international community,
including development aid and cooperative defense agreements, to support its
commitment to maintaining a capable defense force while simultaneously prioritizing
investments in education, healthcare, and infrastructure for sustainable socio-economic
development. This approach reflects a nuanced perspective that seeks to strike a
balance between safeguarding national security and promoting overall well-being.


Central Intelligence Agency. (2022). “The World Factbook: Bangladesh.” [Online] Available:
Macrotrends. (2023). “Bangladesh Military Spending/Defense Budget
1973-2023.” [Online] Available:
The World Bank. (2023). “Military Expenditure.” [Online] Available:

Start typing and press Enter to search