Topic: Radicalization & Violent Extremism in Prisons
Delegate Name: Alaina Williams
TOPIC A: Radicalization & Extremism In Prisons
Radicalization in prisons is a prominent issue in China. The goals and tenets of the United Nations are violated by violent extremism. Human rights, security, and sustainable development are all threatened. No nation or area is safe from its effects. Extreme violence is a complex phenomenon with no obvious definition. It is neither novel nor specific to any one nation, culture, or way of life. Member States are free to define “terrorism” and “violent extremism,” but these definitions must be in accordance with international law, including international human rights law. Our collaborative efforts to uphold peace and security, promote sustainable development, safeguard human rights, advance the rule of law, and engage in humanitarian action are undercut by violent extremism. China is ready to work with all countries in today’s conference on combatting this issue in a time-efficient manner.
Chinas Past Policy/Relation:
China has had an abundance of radicalization of Uyghurs in prisons. Before examining the methods and initiatives employed by Chinese authorities to de-radicalize citizens, it is important to understand the context in which the de-radicalization strategy was conceived and refined. The Chinese government has implemented harsh anti-terrorism measures in response to the growth and frequency of domestic terrorism. One of these is deradicalization. This merits special consideration mainly because state-run media in China has reported extensively on the policy, nearly always in a favorable light, whereas independent reporting in Chinese or international scholarly publications has been scarce, if not nonexistent. In 2013 China adopted a 3-prong strategy. CCP units are being established inside Islamic Organizations at the county and prefecture levels with the goal of guiding believers and bringing their religion into alignment with socialism. Government and party leaders should be contacted directly on a frequent basis to tell them of developments and to find quick solutions to issues. Enhancing the examination of religious leaders to recognize their efforts in fostering ethnic harmony and to eliminate those who are unqualified from their positions.
Proposal: The Security Council recognizes that “prisons can serve as potential incubators for radicalization to terrorism and terrorist recruitment” in resolution 2396 (2017), and it calls on States to “take all appropriate actions to prevent inmates who have been convicted of terrorism-related offenses from radicalizing other prisoners to violence, with whom they may come into contact.” The delegation from china believes that taking effective measures to combat the issue that would help all countries is the best option, and that should be our primary goal in the committee.