Topic: 2023-Repatriation of Refugees
Delegate Name: Isabella Frederick
In recent years the issue of the repatriation of refugees has become increasingly prominent. The UNHCR named 8 “ongoing emergencies”, where people from various countries have found their situations in their native countries unlivable due to the threat of the violation of human rights. This has left millions of people displaced from their native country and unable to return. With immense amounts of refugees struggling to seek asylum and repatriation it is extremely important that we find a way to deal with this issue of displacement. Germany firmly believes that it is the right of nations to grant protection to people in need of a safe home until their situation in their native country is fixed or improved greatly. Too many people are facing human rights violations linked to race, religion, nationality, political conviction, or a social group to not take immediate action. The UNHCR has worked tirelessly to improve asylum laws and grant people safe living environments as long as possible, but there is still so much more to be done and we must come together to create a plan that will improve this situation.
Germany’s constitution grants protection to refugees after the completion of the process to seek political asylum or asylum due to human rights violations. Although Germany grants this protection, it will not be granted if the person applying for asylum is currently in a safe third country such as a nation in the EU, Norway, or Switzerland. Along with this, the political persecution or violation of human rights has to specifically or systematically target a person or group to qualify for asylum in Germany. Due to the extremely large amount of refugees due to the 8 ongoing emergencies, Germany does not grant a 3 year residence permit to everyone. We intend to grant the refugees with extreme situations in their native nations with extended residence permits to ensure that they are being protected in a time frame that would allow the native nation to improve its situation. If someone does not meet the requirements to receive asylum in Germany they may have the opportunity to be granted subsidiary protection. This is when someone is not individually threatened by the situation in their nation, however, is still threatened with human rights violations due to the extreme conditions within the native country. This would grant these refugees with a residence permit of 1 year.
Germany finds this system to be highly effective. It does not exclude people in refugee situations, granting residency permits containing different time limits depending on the severity of the individual’s situation and the likelihood of a change in their native country. Along with a good system for granting asylum to refugees in need, Germany aims to make the repatriation of these refugees much easier and much less forced. If an individual does not qualify for any of the categories granting temporary residency to people, yet are still in a situation where it is unsafe to return to their native country, they will also be granted a residency permit. These permits are often extended to ensure that the native country is safe for the individual to return to. Germany looks forward to working with everyone to come up with a repatriation plan that will ensure the safety of these refugees.