September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Repatriation of Refugees

Country: Argentina
Delegate Name: Quinn Suvedi

Repatriation is the voluntary or forced action of returning someone to their home country. In the early twentieth century, population exchanges between nations in Europe after the first World War were considered the first refugee repatriations. Therefore, the repatriation of refugees is historically a newer concept. International repatriation is known as the personal right of a refugee or prisoner of war to return to their country of nationality. Many people who experience repatriation have to cope with reverse culture shock, and they have to be able to adjust back to how their country operates. The First World War generated lots of population displacement, with more than twelve million civilians living as refugees. After World War II, many people moved in search of better living conditions and opportunities. By 1945, over six million of these refugees were repatriated back to their home countries by military forces and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration(UNRRA).

The Argentine Republic has approximately four thousand refugees currently residing within its borders. In 1966, there was a wave of Argentinian emigration back to Spain after the military coup. Analysts report that many Argentines who move abroad are motivated by the country’s recent economic, political, and social instability, as Argentina recently had its largest recession in history. Recently, the Argentinian government has been working with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to host refugees, asylum-seekers, and migrants. Our government has been providing housing, health, and clothing items to support these refugees.

In recent years, the UNHCR has supported voluntary repatriation of refugees to ensure the cooperation of refugees as well as their respective nations. Since there are currently eight ongoing emergencies with refugees, it is imperative that the Human Rights Council lend aid to the cause, and support issues with hunger, water scarcity, homelessness, and lack of medicine.

The Argentine Republic believes that we must right the wrongs that have occurred in the past, and help those who have been negatively impacted by being moved out of their home country because of military conflicts or other issues. We are looking forward to working with other nations to solve this current issue.

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