September 16, 2019
 In 2023-De-escalation of Sectarian Conflict

Country: United arab Emirates
Delegate Name: Sanjna Bijoy

In recent years, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has made great strides in promoting social cohesion and coexistence among diverse populations. Reducing sectarian conflict in the UAE is a complex and multifaceted issue that requires a comprehensive understanding of historical, social and political dynamics.
To understand the current state of sectarian conflict in the UAE, it is important to examine the country’s history. The UAE is home to immigrants from a variety of cultural, religious and ethnic backgrounds. Indigenous people, mainly Emiratis, adhere to the Sunni branch, while the immigrant community includes Shia Muslims, Christians, Hindus and other important religious groups Historical contacts and coexistence of these communities have helped the rich fabric of UAE life has been shaped .
Sectarian conflict in the UAE is mainly a problem between Sunni and Shia Muslim communities. Most Emiratis follow the Sunni sect of Islam, but there are significant Shiite minorities, especially in the northern emirates. The historical and geopolitical factors shaping the wider Sunni-Shia divide in the Middle East also influence sectarianism within the UAE Regional power struggles between Sunni-majority states and Shia-majority Iran are warn internal and geopolitical tensions within the UAE have escalated, affecting their relationship – between relatives Sectarian conflicts occur and persist in the UAE due to many factors. These include historical grievances, geopolitical influences, socioeconomic inequalities, and external ideological influences. Historical grievances stemming from widespread Sunni and Shia divisions, geopolitical tensions in the region and the influence of transnational religious political ideologies sometimes exacerbate sectarian tensions within the UAE. Enhancement of emotions.
The UAE government has taken various measures to curb sectarian clashes and promote social harmony. One of the main strategies adopted by the government is the promotion of national identity and unity. Through education, the media and public discourse, the government emphasizes a common nation of all inhabitants, irrespective of their religion or culture. UAE leaders have consistently advocated for tolerance, coexistence and mutual respect as important values ​​in the country’s social fabric.
In addition, the government has created institutions and programs to facilitate interfaith dialogue and understanding. The establishment of the Supreme Brotherhood Committee in partnership with the Vatican is an example of the UAE’s commitment to fostering dialogue and cooperation between religious communities The country’s leadership has also helped build churches and other places of worship for communities non-Muslims.
The legal system in the UAE also reflects the government’s commitment to preventing sectarian conflict and promoting social harmony. The state constitution guarantees religious freedom and prohibits discrimination based on religion or belief. In addition, the UAE has enacted laws and regulations to combat hate speech, violence and incitement to discrimination, and create a legal system that protects the rights and dignity of all residents, regardless of religious affiliation.
While significant progress has been made in reducing sectarian conflict in the UAE, challenges remain, so there is always time for further development Geopolitical developments in the wider Middle East, socio-economic differences and the impact of external ideological discourse continues to challenge social cohesion in the UAE .
On the political front, ongoing diplomatic efforts to reduce local conflicts and foster dialogue between different nationalities and religious groups can have a positive impact on inter-community relations in the UAE Education can as well has played an important role, because curriculum reform, and educational programs that promote tolerance , diversity, and critical thinking can shape the attitudes and ideas of future generations.
Reducing sectarian conflict in the UAE is a complex and ongoing process, requiring constant efforts at governmental, social and individual levels Understanding historical issues, addressing underlying grievances, promoting dialogue and understanding, and promoting inclusive policies and can proceed in a way that the national commitment to tolerance, coexistence, and mutual respect is foundational, building a nation where regional differences are overcome by national identity and collective vision.

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