September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Situation in Sudan

Country: Albania
Delegate Name: Taha Ibrahim

Ever since al-Bashir was ousted in 2019, Sudan has been engulfed in economic and political turmoil following the military coup. General Abdel-Fattah Burhan was placed as the chairman, while the deputy chairman, Mohammad Hamdan Dagalo, leads a paramilitary group known as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). This paramilitary group was previously used to suppress rebellions in Darfur. Tensions arose between the two following Hamdan’s claim that Burhan wanted to bring back members of the prior regime. As a result, Burhan and Hamdan have thrown the country into disarray as they fight against each other for supremacy and control, pitting the Sudanese armed forces (SAF) against the RSF. The conflict is currently contained within the capital city, Khartoum, and its surrounding areas; however, there are fears that the conflict could spread beyond into neighboring regions. The estimated death toll, following more than half a year of conflict, is at least 5,000 civilians, while over 12,000 are left injured, and 5.7 million people have been displaced. This conflict threatens the agricultural stability of Sudan as the fighting threatens to spill over into the province of Jazira, Sudan’s heart of agricultural production. Food resources are already scarce in Khartoum, so any further damage could lead to greater casualties. The situation in Sudan must be resolved to ensure lasting peace, prosperity, and hope for a nation in dire need of all.

The Republic of Albania has given unwavering support and commitment to resolving the ever-growing conflict in Sudan. Albania has always been concerned with the widespread human rights violations and abuses that have run rampant with no consequences. The military government has skirted its responsibilities, and accountability has been dismantled. In order to find lasting solutions, independent investigations into all violence against civilians are essential. Albania urges the military forces to release political detainees and to end arbitrary arrests, avoiding any further discourse that may jeopardize discussion. To continue the conflict is to continue division and further increases the risk of prolonged clashes. Albania urges all conflicting parties to fulfill obligations under humanitarian law to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure.

The Republic of Albania reaffirms its support for the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) and believes it is imperative to ensure the safe movement of civilians away from ongoing conflict and to provide them access to essential resources like food, water, and medicine. Albania commends the efforts made by surrounding nations and the League of Arab States in their willingness to open borders and provide refuge to internally displaced civilians. The Republic of Albania is willing to provide continual support to Sudan during their ongoing struggle. For peace to be achieved, the current regime must be held accountable for its rampant crimes against humanity, and democracy and civilian leadership must be restored through legitimate transitions under their constitution. The Republic of Albania looks forward to cooperating with other delegations to ensure that the cycle of violence in Sudan is curtailed and to continue the mobilization of economic, developmental, and humanitarian assistance.