September 16, 2019

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

General Assembly: Disarmament & International Security Committee

Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

The illicit arms trade has been an ongoing threat to the world for decades, and despite efforts by the UN and individual nations, it is still on the rise. Although this trade takes place across the globe, it tends to be concentrated in areas of the world which are plagued by armed conflict and violence (thus creating a greater demand for illicit weapons). Although all types of weapons have contributed to this global issue, the recent emphasis has been on small arms and light weapons (SA/LW), which account for over half of illicit trade in weapons worldwide. Additionally, these weapons are more easily hidden and transported than larger-scale military hardware, which allows them to slip more often into the hands of terrorists and other criminals, giving them the capacity to kill hundreds of civilians. As such, it is crucial that the UN take action to prevent the unregulated trade of these dangerous weapons.

This issue has been difficult to address for the international community. Many uses of small arms are legitimate according to international law. This puts much of the onus on domestic governments to put forth efforts toward regulating the use of these weapons rather than a blanket ban. The UN has put into practice the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which is aimed at regulating the international trade of conventional arms, but some countries have failed to comply, and therefore a supplement or replacement may need to be found. One of the main problems with the arms trade is the issue of security. As mentioned above, the largest concentration of illegal arms imports are in conflict zones. Security and safety for civilians is already significantly eroded in a time of war or conflict, and the inclusion of illicit small arms reduces their security still further. Import and export control is also a relevant factor; some have argued that every nation should just increase their border security, and that will solve the problem. Of course, this is usually easier said than done. With many factors at play in this issue, the international community must decide which are most important and how to address them.

As mentioned above, though the UN has actively enforced and encouraged the ATT, some nations have not taken any steps toward abiding by the obligations set forth in the treaty. If the illicit arms trade is going to be brought to an end, every nation must work together to explore all options, both new and old. Delegates should not be focused on the inner workings of conflict zones, but instead on how to prevent small arms and other weapons from getting into, and being exploited in, those areas. Potential options include offering increased border security assistance to unstable countries, expanding cooperation between national law enforcement organizations, and even gun exchanges or buybacks. What are the most important elements in play when it comes to the illicit arms trade? What has already been done and shown to have a positive impact? Is there a solution that all countries can abide by? At least at first, no options should be off the table.

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The Illicit Arms trade across the world is stunningly diverse. Global black market sales of firearms has increased drastically, mostly due to the increasing ease with which sales can happen from the internet. Belgium, despite being a conventional weapons exporter, has taken it upon themselves to regulate both the illicit and legal arms trade. Within the UN, Belgium has supported many initiatives in the regulation of the weapons industry, including but not limited to; The tracing of illicit arms in combat zones through the mandating of UN missions to observe the respect of arms embargoes, the creation of databases for the exchange of information on illicit arms, the better use and exchange of information on illicit arms trade in order to allow a better diversion risk analysis. 

Though some supranational legislation is needed, individual nations must take responsibility for their own nations issues in the matter. The topic of illicit arms trade has too many factors to be dealt with so broadly. The most efficient and effective use of the UNs abilities is the creation of databases such as iArms in order for organizations such as INTERPOL to be effective in their enforcement of current international policy. 

Belgium is looking forward to collaborating with the other delegations in finding solutions to this complex and controversial matter.

Small arms and light weapons. (2019, February 1). Retrieved from

  • Belgium
  • Max VanderMei

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21 November 2019

SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)

FROM: Colombia

SUBJECT: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

DELEGATE: Jyothika Vijay, Troy High School


The rise of small arms trafficking along with the “dark web” connections formed with internet use has escalated the availability of the weapons. Document S/2017/1025, the report from the Secretary-General acknowledges and articulates on this aspect. Colombia has a direct involvement in small arms weapon trading, and acknowledges that it has devastating effects on the general population. A growing problem that is not limited to the border protection issue, though is definitely one of international boundaries, disparaging the region as a whole rather than individual countries. Areas with ongoing violence such as Colombia itself have a more immediate need of relief. Terror is only heightened when arms are brought into the equation, especially the small arms which enter borders easily and are surreptitiously traded within borders. 

Within Colombia, it’s noted that citizens purchase guns in order to protect themselves from the Guerilla groups that terrorize them, along with the Militias that reflect instability in the government. While solving political crises such as the Colombia one would certainly help the reduction of illicit arms trades, this solution would be far too out of reach and the likelihood of success is limited. Colombia runs a program with the 13th Brigade of the Colombian army to help confiscate illicit weapons with the help of the police. However, success was limited due to 30-40 percent of the weapons being sold back to the public. This will be important to keep mind of when drafting resolutions involving buying back and confiscating weapons. Strictly regulated UN confiscation of the weapons should entail stronger focus on not just the collection of weapons, but the complete removal from the area. 

Colombia is greatly looking forward to collaborating and finding further solutions to this complex issue. 

Cragin, Kim and Bruce Hoffman, Arms Trafficking and Colombia. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2003.

  • Colombia
  • Jyothika Vijay

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     According to the UN, in 2006 about 25% of 4 billion dollars spent, 25% was spent on the Illicit arms trade problem. Illicit arms trade is a problem the UN has been trying to prevent for many years now. This problem is becoming out of hand in many countries in the Middle East. Illicit arms trade is the illegal way to trade weapons and armed forces between groups of people and countries. In Syria this is an increasingly alert issue. About 60%-90% of conflicted deaths in wars in the Syrian area have been caused by Syrian people, rebel groups. The government has been losing more and more power over their own citizens and are not able to take control of this problem. The Syrian rebel groups are gaining much more access to these weapons via this trade. If these rebel organizations are to capture more access to these illicit arms trade acts, then government power will become lower than what it is now but also put citizens at risk. Head officials of the Syrian country have been receiving weapons legally from international allies such as Russia and Iran. At the moment the Syrian government does have more control over these rebel groups but as time has been passing by the power gap between both groups have been shrinking. Qatar has been a prime suspect of helping these rebels attain these weapons illegally and creating a black market like system. Also the country of Saudi Arabia has been identified in helping to fund these organizations to take power from the Syrian government. The northern country of Libya has been providing the Syrian rebels since 2011 with heavy weapons, light weapons, explosives, ammo, and other material as well. The United States have has many ideas of ways to help these rebels in Syria but have taken no action as of now. Most of these rebel groups in Syria have been linked with/to ideas from terrorist groups such as, ISIS and Al Qaeda. Syria looks forward to being able to work with allied countries such as Russia and other middle eastern countries who are facing the same issue. This issue is not having the attention it deserves when it comes to finding a proper solution, Syria would look favorably to solving this problem as quickly as possible. With ending Illicit arm trade problems Syria would then be able to re obtain all government power, safety of citizen lives, and even eliminate terrorist groups that disturb the world as well as the country of Syria. 

  • Syria
  • Brandon Chabay

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Saudi Arabia, Ridaa Khan

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing Illicit arms trade

School: Troy High School


The delegation of Saudi Arabia stands in an experienced arena when arms trade is the topic at hand. The arms trade and the distribution of SA/LW finds itself present on a broad spectrum of policies in international activities. But possibly despite this idea, the Arms Trade Treaty ventured to solve our modern issue of the illicit arms trade. However, this solution has now passed its prime and also has proven a lack of success with countries like the United States rescinding their votes and other nations rightfully criticizing what was decided. There is also a powerful and sizable group of nations that never agreed on such an overarching agreement whether this opinion was displayed through voting against the ATT, or like Saudi Arabia, voting in abstention. 

     Saudi Arabia is known for its international trade of weaponry and arms, more often than not, traded with oil to western countries. While this heavily relates to the ATT, it is not as relevant to the issue we are undertaking as some may think. This system of trading is between governments; in other words, it is not illicit nor does it provide weapons that are purported by people to be traded illicitly. These weapons are necessary to maintain any sort of peace in our tense climate and the idea that limiting any sort of weapons trade- even the good- is unrealistic and ideal only to certain western developed regions. 


     In this committee, Saudi Arabia would like to examine the fallacies of past action and investigate more inclusive and realistic opportunities to reduce illicit arms trade. The delegation of Saudi Arabia is looking to create solutions that are direct in addressing illicit trade among organizations and civilians while maintaining the trade necessary and legal for military purposes. This will improve through stronger border security initiatives and re-direction by each respective government of SA/LW if necessary. Our delegation is looking forward to collaborating towards a holistic resolution created to yield satisfactory results across the globe. 

  • Saudi Arabia
  • Ridaa Khan

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Disarmament and International Security Committee 

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Sri Lanka

Rohan Kolli

Troy High School


Fellow Delegates and esteemed Chair, the trade of illicit arms (SA/LW) and light arms continues to stand as a major obstacle to the chances of having world peace. Illicit arms have been the center of multiple conflicts that have caused too many casualties. Though the weapons are small, the cost is extremely high. Sources claim that about a thousand people die each day due to use of these weapons and over a hundred thousand people lose their lives every year. Such small yet deadly weapons can be bought for just a hundred US dollars, just 100$ can cause so many casualties. This proves that small arms must be under control.


The delegation of Sri Lanka has been one of the few nations, taking action against this problem partially due to the fact that it has experienced the destruction that illicit arms trade and use can cause. The 26 years of conflict that was waged on Sri Lankan land due to small arms being easily obtainable has made it necessary to keep such weapons under control. The Delegation of Sri Lanka believes that a gun is practically useless until it is fed with bullets, the first solution that the delegation would like to present is to control stockpiles of ammo efficiently to effectively put an end to small arms use. If every country were to use this method, it would certainly be proven effective.


Another effective solution to combat small arms use is to destroy existing arms and to reduce the manufacturing of said weapons. This solution would easily reduce the use of small arms significantly however it would be imperative to control the illegal markets that continue to sell these weapons.

  • Sri Lanka
  • Rohan Kolli

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The United States

Elise Kennedy

Troy High School

The Illicit Arms Trade In the United States, one of the basic human rights that our government protects is life. All citizens have the right to live, and we as a nation understand that the illegal trading of illicit weapons pose a threat to this right. However, illicit weapons, specifically light weapons, also protect this right by ensuring that citizens have the ability to defend themselves. The United States wishes to stress the importance of these weapons and the slippery slope around regulating them. Light weapons allow citizens to feel safe and protected at all times. They allow people of color to feel safe in their communities. They allow for the preservation of life that the United States wishes to see worldwide. On an international scale, it is worth noting that the United States economy benefits significantly from trading arms with other nations, and that our nation supplies arms to 98 other nations. All that being said, the United States also believes in the protection of not only our citizens, but citizens of all nations. Our 2018 Conventional Weapons Destruction programs have helped to decrease stockpiling of illicit weapons, and as a result, they have helped combat the illicit weapons trade. The United States is indeed aware of the unfortunate number of mass shootings and hate crimes that are ravaging our nation. Many have put the blame for these occurrences on our Constitution’s Second Amendment, which states that all citizens have the right to bear arms. It is plausible that the legality of small arms and light weapons could be part of the issue, but we believe that there is more to this than just guns. While the United States would potentially look favorably upon an increase in the regulatory measures around small arms and light weapons, we take the liberty to warn against banning them. It is important to note that mental health, interpersonal relationships, drug use, and other factors could significantly impact the frequency of these crimes, and are far easier to address and solve. With recent advancements in education, be it general or otherwise, the United States still wishes to see more children being educated about gun safety. Most children grow up with shooting drills and video games, potentially desensitizing them to gun violence. This can be modified by educating them about what they are being exposed to. It is the United States’ wish that the other nations in this committee bear in mind two things: firstly, the economy of the entire UN will surely benefit from the legal trading of weapons, and secondly, guns don’t kill people. People kill people. 

  • United States
  • Elise Kennedy

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Italy sees and realized that the illicit arms trade has been going on for decades now. We understand that action needs to be taken to prevent more innocent people losing their lives. But with this we also recognize that some of the arms have a legitimate need and or use, but are still obtained illegally. The trade of illicit arms is seen all around the world, but mainly takes place in areas that are in conflict. Although all types of weapons are generally involved in the trade, the UN mainly focuses on small and light arms, for many reasons. Small arms account for over half of all of the weapons in the trade. And due to their smaller size they are easier to transport/ conceal making it easier for terrorists and other groups to get them. 

Italy is in full support of combating the illicit arms trade. Italy has seen a clear connection between most criminal trafficking activities such as firearms, humans and drugs. Italy thinks that we need more structured data to combat these. We also think that we should take preemptive action on the emerging threat of illicit arms trading through the dark net. Italy would also like to underline the importance of the UNDOP data collection initiative.


Italy would be willing to support a resolution that includes any of the aforementioned topics.  

  • Italy
  • Devin Smith

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Disarmament and International Security Committee 

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Claire Michiko Verbrugge


Plagued by conflict, warring regions, and political unrest, countries across the globe are in dire need of strategy and organization. The Illicit Arms Trade has networked a one billion-dollar-a-year global business. However, this momentous black market profit comes at a drastic and detrimental cost to the world’s security. About 500,000 people a year are killed by 639 million small arms in circulation. These same small arms, sadly, supply many warring parties: terrorists, rebel forces, and government armies. 


Finland believes that this threat – one to human security and peace – should be dealt with in a careful and thought through manner. This is a complex issue. According to the Minister of Foreign Trade of Finland, Mr. Kimmo Sasi believes small arms usually stem from deeper problems: inequality, lack of opportunity, abuse of human rights. He continues with the idea that it should not be used as an excuse to do nothing about the tools that prolong those conflicts and render them more lethal. Arms exporting States have a responsibility to ensure that the small arms and weapons they export do not end up in the hands of those who abuse human rights and international humanitarian law. The adoption and strong enforcement of national arms export controls are a key means of ensuring that weapons are not transferred to human rights.


Finland, together with the other member states of the European Union, considers export controls key tools in combating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. There is a need to assess applications for export authorizations along with strict procedures that cover all categories of these arms. They should also cover small arms and light weapons, which are surplus to national defence requirements. Surplus weapons will continue to be a major source of inexpensive weapons fuelling conflicts around the world. Finland has taken immense measures to be proactive about the illicit arms trade. Recently Finland presided over the Arms Trade Treaty which regulates trade of conventional arms. Specifically highlighting sustainable development goal 16.4, Finland worked to achieve a hold on various arms control mechanisms. Finnish global missions have also played an imperative role to promote and maintain international dialogue about this issue.


Factors that States should take into account in authorizing transfers of small arms have been developed regionally in Europe. Finland is specifically encouraged by the attention given to this issue by African states in their Bamako Declaration. There is a lot to build on when this Conference looks to globally chart norms in this sense, as it must. Finland wishes to emphasize the valuable role of nongovernmental organizations through pushing the issue of small arms into the global agenda, and in encouraging much needed action among governments (Sasi, Kimmo). Also, more transparency about legal trade of arms is necessary. States must release detailed reports on their military arms transfers. In Finland’s case, specific military arms export authorizations are available to the public. After signing and ratifying the Arms Trade Treaty and continuously supporting the prohibition of arms, Finland looks forward to working with members of the United Nations towards cross-sectional discussion and supporting a strong international legal instrument.

  • Finland
  • Claire Michiko Verbrugge

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15 November 2019

SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)

FROM: Republic of Korea 

SUBJECT: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade
DELEGATE: Anja Peters, Royal Oak High School

The illicit arms trade is an issue the whole world is facing together, with most of the terror focused on areas at war and conflict zones. According to a 2006 UN conference, 25% of the 4 billion dollars spent annually on small arms trades are “illicit”.  In Mexico 80% of guns used in crime originate from outside the country, and in Canada, 50% of the guns used for crime were smuggled in from outside sources. There are several issues to address when discussing the topic of illicit arms trade. First, these guns are getting in the hands of people illegally when legal trade is going on, the trade is either intercepted or an inside person interferes and sells these weapons illegally. Secondly, people can steal guns that were registered legally in a country, and then use them for their own agenda’s, possibly smuggle them out of the country and so forth. These are two really big issues when we look at the root of this problem, and the committee will hopefully address these two topics in depth. 


South Korea agrees with and supports the UNODC’s firearms and protocol procedures, as well as an Arms Trade Treaty. Only three countries voted against the resolution, 23 abstained, and 154 voted yes, allowing it to successfully become adopted by the UN in spring of 2013. This is a multilateral treaty in order to regulate the international trade in conventional weapons. Hopefully we can look at aspects of the treaty that the countries who abstained or voted against don’t agree with and come to new and updated terms and agreements. 


South Korea wants to, in upcoming committee, ensure at the national level states promote that the production, export, and import stockpiling of SALW are followed complying correctly to their laws and regulations. South Korea believes that each state taking control over the weapons is extremely important to preventing an excess amount of weapons. We should dig into deeper detail about the export and import of guns and the trading system, as that seems to be a problem area for things to go wrong. When marking guns, they should be easily identifiable to each country they’re coming from, for the ease of all involved, possibly being identifiable through a computer database or the internet. South Korea looks forward to our DISEC committee.




  • Republic of Korea
  • Anja Peters

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

The People’s Republic of China

Gaurang P. Vaidya

Forest Hills Eastern


With the rise of members of armed groups terrorizing, abusing, and killing the citizens of the world, guns in the hands of malicious people is a frightful sight. The illicit arms trade has fueled conflicts, terrorism, and organized crime across the globe by allowing criminals to acquire a cheap, easy to handle weapons that can cause endless casualties (“Small”). The Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) must formulate a new solution that will protect the citizens at risk of these horrendous acts. DISEC mustn’t turn a blind eye to small arms and light weapons (SA/LW), with nearly 900 million in circulation and more in production, they are the root cause of large-scale human rights abuses and forced displacement of civilians (“Controlling”). The United Nations has tried to prevent and control the effects of the illicit arms trade by encouraging member states to participate in the UN Program of Action, UN Register of Conventional Arms, and the Arms Trade Treaty negotiations.


China has taken swift and thorough action to prevent and combat the Illicit Arms Trade. Our nation has pursued major provisions of the UN Programme of Action: implementing national coordination agencies, marking all SA/LWs at the time of production, and criminalizing the possession of SA/LWs (“A Decade”). Additionally, any illicit SA/LW found is registered and destroyed. As the 5th Largest global arms exporter, China ensures that each weapon produced is recorded in a detailed database that makes it easy to trace, de-incentivizing the sale and use in the black market. We have also instituted an inventory and registration system, where numbers of weapons, batch numbers, and models of weapons are checked weekly (“A Decade”). At the UN General Assembly on September 28th, 2019, the honorable Foreign Minister of China, Wang Yi, declared that China would join the Arms Trade Treaty as soon as possible, initiating domestic legal procedures to join the treaty (“At UN”). Our nation has reaped the benefits of legislation that limits the use of guns, reducing domestic abuse and trafficking within the country to a minimum (Xinhua).


China strives to ensure that weapons produced domestically are not found in the hands of terror organizations or international fugitives. The DISEC committee must first eradicate the causes of the illicit arms trade, such as power vacuums after civil/revolutionary wars, terrorist organizations funneling illegally obtained firearms to their armies, and UN member states exporting arms to vulnerable areas. Subsequently, resolving disputes through diplomatic means, enhancing post-conflict reconstruction efforts, and promoting the further implementation and ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty and other negotiations (“Security”). Our resolution must establish preventative, proactive, and reactive measures to combat this crisis. We can do this by creating arms UN checkpoints throughout trade routes to ensure that arms secured properly. China also recommends that member states enact initiatives to secure the production of arms facilities by increasing marking and registration laws. Finally, increasing border security will not only promote national security, but it will allow countries to seize illegal weapons reducing the total illicit arms. These efforts will contain the illicit arms trade, will prevent future attacks on the world’s citizens from resurfacing.

“At UN Assembly, China Says ‘It Will Not Ever Be Cowered by Threats’ | UN News.” United Nations, United Nations, 26 Sept. 2019,

“Controlling, Regulating Small Arms Requires Action Going Beyond National Security Institutions, Secretary-General Tells Programme of Action Review Conference | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases.” United Nations, United Nations, 18 June 2018,

“A Decade of Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of National Reports.” United Nations Institute of Disarmament Research, 30 July 2012,

 “Security Council Adopts First-Ever Resolution Dedicated to Question of Small Arms, Light Weapons | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases.” United Nations, United Nations, 26 Sept. 2013,

“Small Arms and Light Weapons.” International Peace Bureau,

Xinhua. “Gun Crime in China Drops 81 Pct in Five Years.” New China, 10 Feb. 2019,


  • The People's Republic of China
  • Gaurang P. Vaidya

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15 November 2019

SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)

FROM: Russian Federation

SUBJECT: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

DELEGATE: Sophia Papp, Royal Oak High School


A lack of regulations and enforcement in the trade of small arms and light weapons (SALW) has caused tragedy and disruption across the globe.  The illicit arms trade fuels violence in conflict areas, resulting in civilian death and political instability. At a national level, the illicit arms trade enables organized crime, promoting drug trade, human trafficking, and terrorism.  It is of the utmost priority that Russia and the members of the Disarmament and International Security Committee target sources of this trade and proactively prevent further engagement.   


Currently, the Arms Trade Treaty is the leading, legally binding document in advocating for the safe and efficient trade of conventional weapons, including SALW.  The Arms Trade Treaty, while positive in its general purpose, breaches the sovereign right of nations to conduct formal trade with desired partners based on biased judgements, leading to a wide lack of support, undermining its means of attempted enforcement.  Despite these efforts, non-state actors continue to acquire weapons for the purpose of inciting terror, bringing attention to failures in limitation specifications, trade security, and international compliance. Non-state actors may acquire weapons by looting or scavenging conflict zones, a result of insecure transportation, under trained personnel, and a lack of close monitoring. All efforts should be held to a high standard, and funded by the nations involved in the trade of SALW.   While international cooperation and standards are essential to keeping SALW out of the hands of those who mean harm, there is an absolute extent to which a nation must reserve the right to protect its national security and engage in lawful arms trade, therefore, the guidelines considered by the committee must be with the purpose to protect those harmed by non-state actors acquiring such weapons.


The United Nations Register of Conventional Arms is a leading example of promoting transparency within the international community, fostering trust that enables preventive diplomacy in combating the illicit arms trade.  As shown by the statistics published by the UNROCA, Russia activity reports their arms exports, which works to hold nations accountable for traded goods and prevent miscommunications.1  It is encouraged that all nations are dedicated to participating in such methods of transparency in an effort to prioritize global security and civilian protection.


A statement by Russian representative Mr. Petr Illiichev, at the Security Council meeting on small arms expresses the urgency of the issue, and outlines several actions that should be enforced by the international community.  Bans on “the transfer of any type of small arms or light weapons to entities that are not authorized by the States to which they are sent” and “re-exporting imported small arms and light weapons without the written consent of the initial exporting State” are essential to holding exporting nations accountable for the transfer of weaponry.  Furthermore, “States should be required to enact strict regulations and exercise direct control over arms-export brokering activities in areas under their jurisdiction and limit the numbers of brokers themselves to the absolute minimum,” efforts to do which are outlined in the next paragraph of this paper. Lastly, the banning of the “manufacture of small arms and light weapons on expired licenses or without licenses from the countries that own the rights to the manufacturing” further enables the state to monitor the production and circulation of SALW and ensures that traced weapons in conflict areas accurately represent their sources.2  The “Report of the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects”3 reflects these goals and further outlines the complexities of the illicit arms trade.  A goal of our committee must be to not only emphasize these priorities, but to take concrete action on their implementation and the monitoring of their success.  


As the technological capacities of the Internet expand, so do the methods through which the illicit arms trade can occur.  For example, the Telegram messenger facilitated the dark web sale of SALW through systems of dead drops and mailing weapon components.4  In an effort to prioritize the safety of Russian civilians and proactively combat international SALW black markets, Russian authorities requested access to information on such sales and their participants, but upon refusal, blocked the operations of the messenger.  Such actions emphasize the dedication of Russian authorities to combating the illicit arms trade. The international community must recognize the dangers posed by the dark web and media in facilitating the illicit arms trade and take proactive measures to limit online access to arms deals, prioritizing the ultimate safety of civilians over short-term communication disruptions.  Efforts to further promote security are expressed by strict domestic firearm laws, “The acquisition of guns is based on licenses provided for a five-year period by local police departments at one’s place of residence after a thorough background check, including a review of the petitioner’s ability to store guns safely and an evaluation of his/her medical records. Mentally ill people and those who have been treated for substance abuse are not allowed to possess firearms.”5  Laws on the obtainment of small arms, in addition to limitations on the permitted uses and models, should be enforced by every nation to secure their domestic arms circulation and avoid civilian deaths, such as the school shootings occurring in the United States.


The Russian Federation looks forward to collaborating with the members of DISEC on developing sufficient means to prevent the illicit arms trade, thereby promoting civilian safety and global security.








  • Russian Federation
  • Sophia Papp

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Country: Equatorial Guinea

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing The Illicit Arms Trade

Delegate: Samhith Ginjupalli

School: Saginaw Arts And Sciences Academy

Illicit arms trafficking fuels civil wars contribute which to skyrocketing crime rates and feeds the arsenals of the world’s worst terrorists. Particularly troubling is the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SA/LW). SA/LW account for an estimated 60-90% of the 100,000+ conflict deaths each year (Small Arms Survey 2005) and tens of thousands of additional deaths outside of war zones. They are also the weapons of choice for many terrorists. Of the roughly 175 terrorist attacks identified in last year’s State Department report on Patterns of Global Terrorism, approximately half were committed with small arms or light weapons. In the hands of terrorists and other criminals, these weapons have the capacity to kill dozens, even hundreds, of innocent civilians. A shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile – available on the black market for as little as a few thousand dollars – can bring down a commercial airliner. Even a couple of $100 assault rifles can inflict horrendous casualties, as evidenced by the November 1997 terrorist attack in Luxor, Egypt, during which 6 terrorists armed only with assault rifles, pistols and knives systematically slaughtered 58 tourists.

In the country of Equatorial Guinea, the annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Equatorial Guinea is reported by Customs to be US$39512 (2005) and The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Equatorial Guinea is reported by Customs to be US$376,18712 (2011). These numbers include both licit and illicit arms trade between countries. Equatorial Guinea has taken a stance in limiting these numbers by signing many UN treaties regarding the reduction of trade of arms. But the problem has been hard to fight due to the lack of funding available.

The illicit arms trade is a serious issue and needs to be dealt with as soon as possible before it turns into a situation that could lead to the loss of many lives and maybe a global conflict. Illicit arms trading benefits terrorist organizations such as ISIS or Al-Qaeda and, as stated earlier, could lead to the deaths of many.



  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Samhith Ginjupalli

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Union of Myanmar

Shiva Rajan

Forest Hills Eastern 


The pervasiveness of the illicit arms trade threatens mankind. Every year, 535 thousand lives are lost due to the United Nations’ inaction. Half a decade has passed since the last UN treaty —the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). Aimed at regulating conventional arms, the ATT aims to limit the illicit arms trade globally. Consisting of mainly small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) the arms trade has brought great amounts of destruction to innocent lives. During this committee, the UN Disarmament & International Security Committee must radically shift their perspective. Previous treaties have not been effective and most nations have not taken steps toward fixing this crisis. 


Myanmar is part of the Association for Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN countries believe towards complete destruction of elimination of all weapons, and would like sufficient attention internationally. ASEAN also notes that it has completed its implementation of the Programme of Action to control and combat the illicit arms trade. ASEAN believes that an uncontrolled spread of small arms can lead to a destabilized global security.  The ASEAN chiefs of police is attempting to enhance control over small arms.Myanmar also supported this crisis by signing the Arms Trade Treaty. 


This committee should protect this sovereignty by eliminating small and illicit arms. Although the Arms Trade Treaty did help, many nations did not take steps towards fixing the crisis, but Myanmar does respect the nations that have taken steps toward this issue. Small arms lead to the loss of innocent lives, and Myanmar believes it should be controlled. Small and Illicit arms affects Myanmar and other nations as well, so the Disarmament & International Security Committee and the United Nations need to resolve this crisis.


  • Myanmar
  • Shiva Rajan

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Committee: DISEC

Topic Area A: Illicit Arms Trade 

Country: Senegal 

Delegate: Milan Colzani

 School: Fishers High School 

Foremost, the delegation from Senegal would like to stress the impact that the trading of illicit arms has on vulnerable regions. Trading illicit arms in these regions is likely to increase conflict and war, which only perpetuates the current adverse situations that developing countries are in. For example, within Senegal, the conflict regarding the ongoing secession attempt from the Casamance region is being furthered by the illegal arms sales within the region. The death count for this conflict is estimated to be 1,000, with many of these deaths being caused through SW’s and LW’s (Small Arms and Light Weapons). Additionally, the estimated number of illicit/illegal firearms within Senegal in 2017 was 315,947, with the legal number being 7,053. Therefore, it’s imperative to the nation of Senegal that this conflict is resolved or at least minimized. 

Furthermore, the delegation of Senegal has two proposals on how to limit/resolve the problem. Firstly, looking at solutions that Senegal has utilized in the past, conducting campaigns to remove illicit firearms from affected regions is an effective solution. During the years of 2014 through 2018, the National Commission to Combat the Proliferation and Illicit Circulation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (ComNat-ALPC) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) joined together to combat the illicit firearms trade within Western Africa, with one of these nations being Senegal. 17,928 firearms were located and marked in 2018, demonstrating the success of this campaign. 

Lastly, the second solution that the delegation of Senegal would be working towards is to stop the illicit arms sales from the source. Although Senegal has not tried this solution as of yet, it has the potential to be effective. This would include increasing regulations that the largest exporters of SA’s and LW’s would have to follow. By increasing regulations, and ensuring that these exporters (such as the United States, Russia, and France) have to trade within legal boundaries, we will not only be reducing this conflict, but reducing it from the source. 


Schroeder, Matt. “The Illicit Arms Trade.” FAS, 

Alpers, Philip. “Guns in Senegal – Firearms, Gun Law and Gun Control.” Gun Law and Policy: 

Firearms and Armed Violence, Country by Country,

Helene. “United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.” 2019 01 30 Senegal Awareness Campaign 

Firearms, UNODC, 2019, s.html.

  • Senegal
  • Milan Colzani

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Carly Krupp


The illicit arms trade plagues conflict across the globe. With the ability to conceal small and dangerous weapons, the risk of crime, armed conflict, and violence rises rapidly. Small arms and light weapons are easily imported into countries and lead to deaths of innocent lives, and war. Cuba wishes to eradicate illicit arms trafficking because of the danger is poses on the country. Cuba has enacted the Penal Code which states manufacturing, stockpiling, and trading illegal arms is a crime and will lead to severe consequences if not abided by. Important elements that should be considered when it comes to the illicit arms trade would be the country’s past in regards to violence and crime. Along with this, the poverty in each country is vital to examine, as well. Countries that have a past of crime may be more likely to import and stockpile arms for means of defense within their military arsenal. Poverty is also a key factor because is can be associated with crime, exclusion, and inequality.


As stated previously, the Penal Code of Cuba has tried to prevent illicit arms trafficking and create a positive impact, however there is still smuggling within the country. A solution that all countries can abide by would be to improve and expand border security among all nations. With this, it would limit the amount of illicit arms that cross the border and reduce the imports per country. Among this, looking at the lower class and seeking ways to fulfill their needs could defer them from resorting to violence and the need for self-defense. It is shown that those in poverty are linked to buy small arms because of the social and material deprivations they face. Finally, countries including the United States and China produce large amounts of arms, earning thousands of millions of dollars each year. The export to import ratio of guns is fairly equal in China with the exporting being slightly larger. The production of these small arms and light weapons being mass produced should cease or, at least, slow down to prevent further conflicts and threat within countries across the globe.

  • Cuba
  • Carly Krupp

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DISEC – Illegal Arms Trade

Mattawan High School


The illegal trade of weapons can be attributed to countless deaths and currently plagues Africa.  Illegal weapon trade fuels civil wars, crime rates, and terrorist weapon arsenals. East Africa and the Horn of Africa is flooded with guns, particularly small arms and light weapons (Schroeder).  These small arms account for sixty to ninety percent of the 100,000+ deaths annually in conflict zones. What makes these weapons particularly difficult to limit, is their legitimate uses in military, law enforcement, and recreational backgrounds.  Due to a lack of supporting countries in a 2013 effort of the UN to limit these weapons (Arms Trade Treaty), there has been little to no success in efforts to halt the trafficking of illegal weaponry.

As a country that is largely impacted by supplies of weaponry crossing its borders, Kenya views ending the illegal trade of weapons as favorable and a priority.  Countries bordering Kenya to the north (Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda) have experienced large periods of unrest and internal conflict. These conflicts have been fueled by China, Bulgaria, and other eastern and central European countries.  As this problem has caused much devastation in Kenya, Kenya would like to find a solution to help end the prolific trafficking of small arms and light weapons.

Kenya views any effort to decrease the amount of illegal arms trading and to increase the monitoring of weapon trade as a priority.  Kenya looks to work with other countries in creating a treaty to help stop this problem. As illicit weapons trading is an issue in many countries, Kenya will look to work with these countries in finding a solution.


  • Kenya
  • Klay Kelley

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The trade of illicit arms has been a worldwide menace for years. The United Nations has done its part to prevent this threat, such as creating the Disarmament and International Security Committee and issuing the ATT (Arms Trade Treaty). Despite these efforts, the illicit arms trade has been on the rise all over the world. Countries that have felt the most catastrophic effects of this issue include those with a terrorist groups such as West Africa and the Sahel; however, weapons distributed through this trade are feeding terrorist movements on a global scale. It is evident that the effects of this affair have been felt on a worldwide scale, thus presenting the illicit arms trade as a prominent topic to be discussed by the united nations.


The Arms Trade Treaty is a multilateral treaty of which goal is to reduce and regulate the international trade of weapons who’s damage comes from kinetic, incendiary or explosive energy. Armament used in crime, conflict and war is categorized as these conventional weapons. This treaty was created to promote international and regional peace, reduce human suffering, transparency, co-operation and responsible action; however, it has not been entirely successful. The illicit trade of arms is an ongoing conflict regardless of the efforts of this treaty due to the fact that it does not place restrictions on the types or quantities of arms bought, sold, or possessed by states, nor does it impact domestic gun control laws or firearm ownership policies. This issue is difficult to address without stripping the owners of arms of their rights, as there are so many factors to be considered in this controversial topic.


In Peru, most of the illicit trade of arms occurs due to criminals stealing weapons from private owners and security forces. This highlights a major regional phenomenon that is often facilitated by corrupt officials. Many weapons are also acquired through the black market or were stolen from legitimate owners. Authorities reported that 1,767 firearms were declared lost or stolen in 2013 alone. According to author Mimi Yagoub, “Former Interior Minister Remigio Hernani told the newspaper the majority of the weapons stolen by criminals had been legally imported, sold and licensed, and that common targets for theft were private owners, gun shops and caches maintained by the National Police (PNP) and army.” Peru looks forward to seeing significantly stricter regulations on arms and a greater impact on not only the country itself, but in the world’s arms policies in a resolution. Peru plans on working with other countries to move toward more safe and transparent gun laws to protect its citizens.

Works Cited

Kimball, Daryl G. “Fact Sheets & Briefs.” The Arms Trade Treaty At a Glance | Arms Control Association, Aug. 2017,

“UNLIREC and Peru Intensify Collaboration in Arms Control through Stockpile Management Training – UNODA.” United Nations, United Nations,

“UNLIREC and Peru Intensify Collaboration in Arms Control through Stockpile Management Training – UNODA.” United Nations, United Nations,

“The World Factbook: Peru.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, 1 Feb. 2018,

  • Peru
  • Madeline Tietema

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     The illicit small arms trade has been one of the biggest security threats of recent decades. The rapid flow of small, concealable small arms into war torn countries has been a major security threat to all nations, developed and developing. As of now, there is one piece of legislation to try to control the flow of arms internationally, called the ATT (Arms Trade Treaty), but many countries are not implementing the treaty. One of the challenges of regulating the small arms trade is their varying degrees of legality throughout the globe, and certain countries have very loose restrictions on who the buyers of weapons are. For example, in 2001, the government of Nicaragua failed to verify the legitimacy of a fraudulent purchase of 3,000 assault rifles, and they were sold to Colombian cartels. 


       Since South Sudan’s creation, the government defense forces took the rebels weapons and now uses them to protect the country. These rebels would often buy weapons from neighboring countries, without going through any proper channels. While South Sudan has done little to enforce the basic pillars of the ATT, South Sudan is hopeful that a solution can be reached for countries with little resources to fix this pressing issue. South Sudan also expresses interest in signing and ratifying the ATT, however it is not hopeful the treaty itself will hold any power unless more countries ratify it. 


       The solutions to the illicit arms trade, specifically small arms, should start at the manufactures. Arms exporting nations must screen the buyers thoroughly and evaluate the risk of those weapons reaching the wrong hands, governments with history of corruption should not be allowed to buy large quantities of weapons that would be sold to terrorists. South Sudan also believes that the problems do not lie in arms alone. A gun is nothing unless there is a body there to pull the trigger, therefore focusing just on the regulation of arms is not enough. That is why South Sudan supports a buyback program similar to Nigeria’s amnesty program. In Nigeria, a government amnesty program for rebels in 2009 had worked up until its end. The rebels would turn in their weapons and report to screening centers, and in exchange, be paid and pardoned. Increased tracing of arms purchases as well as the UN itself screening all major arms purchases to and from treaty members would allow an unbiased, non-corrupt look at the buyer. 


Works Cited:

  • South Sudan
  • Ben Wedepohl

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Prior to 1989 Romania was in the top 10 arms producing countries in the world. During  the 90s our arms exports dropped dramatically from 1 billion in revenue to roughly 43 million by 2006. Our arms industry has declined due to western european regulations, embargoes and trade bans. The arms industry for Romania is vital to our economic stability. Rather than regulate the arms trade further we as nations must do anything and everything to expand it. 

Expanding the arms trade will not only help Romania but will also help other nations in Eastern Europe as well such as Serbia and Croatia who have similar interests in the arms trade. 


Addressing a concern of the Romanian government concerning the arms trade is a current ban on arms trade with China that has been imposed by the European Union. By continuing to enforce this ban we are only setting the path to destroy a very profitable global trade. 


Addressing economic concerns Romania calls for the immediate removal of the current arms embargo on China in the european Union and those of other countries that have economic opportunity to expand the arms trade

  • Romania
  • Nicholas Wickerham

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Republic of Costa Rica

Hadley Urrutia

Forest Hills Northern


The illicit arms trade includes the illegal exchange of small arms, light weapons, and ammunition. This trafficking fuels civil wars, crime, and can provide artillery to the world’s major terrorist organizations. Small arms and light weapons involved in the trafficking are held accountable for an estimated 60-90% of the 100,000 conflict related deaths that happen annually, and around 1000 non-conflict deaths.


In recent years, the illicit arms trade has increased worldwide, including in the Republic of Costa Rica. Costa Rica recognizes this, and has been doing what it can to help stop it. The Judicial Investigation Unit and Attorney’s General Office of Costa Rica has conducted a series of raids around San José. They were against what was believed to be an international arms trafficking ring with links to other South and Central American countries such as Mexico, Colombia, and Panama. Costa Rica’s police group state they found a “very large” amount of firearms being trafficked. But still, more arms trafficking networks are popping up throughout Costa Rica due to the connection and transit points in the international drug trade. Drug trafficking groups not only create a demand for illegal firearms, but also have the means and resources of smuggling weapons abroad. 


Costa Rica is one of the strongest supporters of the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine (RtoP), and continues to lead and push for the development of it, always with an emphasis on prevention. Costa Rica also performed a vital role in starting negotiations for and securing the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, which establishes common international standards for the trade of conventional arms. Going forward, Costa Rica wishes to resist against the illicit arms trade by way of greater control on buying and selling weapons, and creating less of an open market. Costa Rica also wishes to pursue training previously provided by UNLIREC. The training was given to twenty-eight law enforcement officials, and it covered topics such as identification of firearms and ammunition, intelligence and investigation tools, nationals firearms legislation, as well as illegal trafficking in arms and ammunition. Expanding this course could be an effective way of diminishing the illicit arms trade.

  • Republic of Costa Rica
  • Hadley Urrutia

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The illicit arms trade exists as one of the monumental issues in the world today.  Most of these being small arms or light weapons, SA/LW, account for 60%-90% of conflict deaths every year.  Because these weapons are legalized in many military situations among most countries, control of output of these weapons illicitly can be difficult to procure.  These are very easily stolen, and are small enough to be smuggled in articles of clothing, food items, and small vehicles. As these weapons are constantly being seized by major terrorist groups and militants, projection against civilians has become extremely dangerous.  In this modern world, one gunman can often kill scores and scores of innocent people. As such, this issue must be dealt with, for the protection of defenseless people everywhere.  

We, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, see this matter as a great threat of not only domestic security, but world sanctity.  We see it best that fewer small arms should exist and production should have moderated limits. The circulation of these weapons is clearly the real problem at hand here, thus some sort of reduction in the flow of weapons is absolutely essential in order to additionally void chances of illicit trading.  In ordinance with the European Union, we share similar inclinations on how the issue stands with us. Nations need to develop their own weapons, so fewer unqualified groups and individuals can take control of these large caches of dangerous equipment.


In order to stop the trade, production must see a dramatic decrease, which calls upon responsibility from the major developed nations: this includes the United States, France, China, India, Russia, Japan, and others.  If these nations expect violence to decrease, and deaths to be limited, they must expect to limit their own trade and production. Additionally, weapons cannot be stockpiled; that is, that once attained, small arms must be destroyed immediately. 

  • United Kingdom
  • Mason Oudekerk

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DISEC–Arms Trade

Worldwide, illicit arms accompany many of the most serious international problems. Drug and human trafficking, for example, are made possible largely through the presence of small and light firearms. These weapons can easily cross political boundaries, and even the most tightly controlled borders experience difficulty in monitoring and preventing their transfer. In addition, ars such as these pose the greatest threat to vulnerable members of populations, such as women and children. Illicit arms further destabilize already struggling regions and very seldom do they truly provide protection. Nearly every country in the world faces the challenge of battling this influx of weaponry, and drastic measures must be taken to stop it. The efforts in the past have been valiant, but the lack of international compliance is reflective of the UN’s weak punitive measures against them.

Iran feels that it has been specifically victimized by the turbulent dissemination of arms across national borders, especially as the Middle East itself serves as the stage of unrest and warfare. The proximity of Iran to regions of significant conflict exacerbates the danger faced by our citizens, who must be properly licensed and educated to own guns, which are strictly regulated. In spite of this, Iran has experienced thousands of gun deaths in the past decade, most of which could only have come from illegal arms. Many drug traffickers pass through Iran to sell in other places, and as a result, Iran has lost 3400 members of its police and military directly to these heavily armed traffickers. Iran strongly believes that it has done its part to curb this issue and that the blame for this ongoing crisis belongs heavily to surrounding nations who have not taken sufficient action.



Iran believes that these unlawful guns should be tightly regulated and that the responsibility for their dissemination falls largely on the shoulders of manufacturers who adopt irresponsible practices in their production. But Iran also recognizes that the overabundance of dangerous illicit weapons is also the result of internal destabilization and regional strife and that education on the dangers of trafficking is needed in order to see any true change. Iran also believes that the introduction of an incentive to make illicit gun holders turn in their weapons could be used successfully with stricter measures concerning the tracking and restriction of gun transfer across borders.

  • Iran
  • Hannah Willit

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Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Country: Seychelles

Delegate: Sam Sullivan

The illicit arms trade is an obscenely awful issue that currently plagues this world. The biggest issue with the illicit arms trade is the movement and ease of access of small arms. There are about 875 million small arms in the world, and three fourths of those are owned by the civilian population. There are about one thousand people are killed every day by small arms and millions more are wounded. This is a problem that affects all people regardless of nationality, wealth, or social status. In the past, the UN has tried to fix this ongoing problem but has been met with almost no positive results. In 2013 the UN passed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in an effort to reduce the flow of illicit weapons moving between nations. Due to many nations not signing the treaty and many more doing a poor job to follow it the ATT has seen little to no success as a solution to the ongoing crisis of the illicit arms trade. 

The nation of seychelles has always had gun regulations in place to ensure the safety of their people. In such a small country that only has a are of roughly 120 sq. mi. And a population of only 95,000 gun control is a small but noticeable issue in our country. To own a firearm, smallarm, in Seychelles a permit is required. If you were to be found with a gun in your possession the consequence would be up to one year in prison and a fine of up to 150 U.S. dollars. Seychelles has viewed the illicit gun trade as something that must be contained and eradicated. As the gun violence in Seychelles is 5.4 for every 100 residents and the homicide rate in Seychelles is 8.4. As you can see from this data a decrease in the illicit weapons trade would help our country in a number of ways.

Seychelles will support any resolution that supports: an increase in the monitoring of the weapons trade, the decrease of the amount of illegal weapons being sold and transported internationally.  And the renewal of the ATT treaty with more required participation. Or any valid substitute for that treaty. 


  • Seychelles
  • Sam Sullivan

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Dominic Zaidan

DISEC – Illicit Arms Trade

Mattawan High School

Recently, the safety of the world has been threatened by those that allow the illegal trade and manufacturing of weapons.  Since 2000, the amount of arms traded in the world has increased to, at times, reached over 32 billion. More and more violent acts have been made possible by the international community’s indifference and neglect of the illegal arms trade.  Despite measures which attempt to rectify this problem already being in place, countries unwillingness to comply with the measures passed has led to an increase in crime, both violent and otherwise. The drug trade has benefited as a result of the illicit arms trade’s growth, with crime lords able to deal with organizations who would stand in their way.  The arms trade has also allowed areas of heavy conflict, such as the middle east, to continue their bloody conflicts as well as escalate them.


Nigeria has been a victim of the international community’s indifference.  Nigeria, as well as the rest of West Africa, has seen an alarming increase in drugs brought into our countries, as well as an increase in the amount of pirates raiding ships, whose contents benefit many other countries besides Nigeria.  We as a country has determined that a solution must be reached that ensures that this problem does not continue to influence our future. The arms trade needs to be dealt with in a manner that ensures country’s rights are not infringed upon, but that makes sure that no more innocent lives are cut short because of the short fallings of their governments.


As a country we suggest that heavy consequences be levied on those that support, publicly or privately, or allow a healthy arms trade to have a presence in their country.  The UN must create a force to combat these smugglers and those that supply them with their illegal goods as well as shelter and information. We recognize that these changes and suggestions are easier said than done, however they must come to light in some way shape or form or else the future of our world’s safety is a grim one.


  • Nigeria
  • Dominic Zaidan

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The use and trade of illicit small arms is a far reaching and impactful issue. While Indonesia is not home to a “gun culture” it is aware of the immense strife and chaos caused by the the unregulated or loosely regulated trade of weaponry. Indonesia firmly believes that this problem must be met head on so as to eradicate the use of small arms by terrorist cells not only within Indonesia but across the globe.

While this is the case Indonesia believes that the assembled body must tread carefully so as to ensure that there will be no infringement upon the national sovereignty of the assembled nations as when all is said and done the situation surrounding small arms distribution varies drastically from country to country.  Building on this, Indonesia believes that whatever agreement is reached cannot be one that renders a country incapable of maintaining a well supplied and up to date military force for the purpose of accomplishing its foreign policy aims should it prove necessary.

Indonesia is open to any and all solutions that do not lead to the crippling of its ability to function as a modern state.

  • Indonesia
  • Jack Norman

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Delegation: Germany

Disarmament & International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Background: Article 1 of the Charter of The United Nations statue states that the purpose of the United Nations is to maintain international peace and security and achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character. Germany is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of weapons used in international conflict. Part and parcel with this title, Germany is familiar with the longstanding issue of illicit arms trades, garnering billions of dollars in revenue each and every year. Today, we find ourselves in a detrimental imbalance of non-weapon-producing countries and weapon-producing countries. This has led to major disputes on the lines of sovereignty from nations who participate and feel threatened by the increasing spread of illegal arms to their specific regions. Countries such as Africa and the Middle East are disproportionately affected by the illegal trade in arms, which find their way to terrorist and other armed groups. Advanced technology such as the 220-mm mortar, barometric bombs, and PETN anti-personnel mines are all winding up in the hands of terrorists and, although over $140 million in terrorist assets have been frozen worldwide, terrorist groups are becoming increasingly adept at eluding detection through the use of sophisticated money laundering operations, cash transfers, and shell corporations. Although the United Nations has been able to pass major resolutions such as the Arms Trade Treaty, which regulates international trade in conventional weapons, illicit arms dealing continues to be a billion-dollar illegal industry, one which is supplying terrorist militia groups across the world.

Policy: For decades, the German government has rolled back its involvement in promoting arms manufacturers abroad. Despite this, Rheinmetall, a German weapons manufacturer, has moved from strictly supplying the German army to having 70% of their business in international arms trading. Germany has condemned war in all forms and is actively pursuing peace with all nations. Certain legal circumventions of the Arms Trade Treaty have been conducted by Germany, in reference to Rheinmetall’s international business dealings. Despite this, Germany seeks to view this as the setting of a new precedent. In fact, Germany’s international arms dealings not only economically benefit Germany and contracted countries, but the international sale of arms helps bolster German security by enhancing the military capabilities of Germany’s allies, and also helps derive leverage in accordance with policies and international behavior with said client nations.

Solutions: Although it’s true that arms sales create a multitude of negative and unintended consequences, a cautious and limited approach to the international trade of arms might just be the solution to controlling the trade of illicit arms within regions such as Africa and the Middle East. To prevent the sale of illicit arms, there must be an international consensus against the proliferation of illegal arms sales. Although the UN has passed resolutions such as an Arms Trade Treaty, there are still 32 of the 137 countries that have not ratified it. To get extreme results, we must all take extreme action. The United States has recently begun promoting a “proliferation security initiative” to curb the unregulated trade of arms. To combat the problems that be a PSI aimed at creating a blockade, blocking both the informative and the physical must be enacted to prevent the transfer of both conventional weapons, as well as WMD’s. Such precautions would be justifiable under Article 51 of the UN charter, as stopping something like a commercial aircraft or transfer vessel would be protected as an action of self-defense under said UN charter.


  • Germany
  • Caleb Bartes

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SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament and International Security Committee

TOPIC: Prevent the Illicit Arms Trade

DELEGATE: Pratham Patel

SCHOOL: Saginaw Arts & Sciences Academy 


According to the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear war, nearly 500,000 people die due to wounds caused by small arms. 300,000 deaths occur due to armed conflict while 200,000 deaths are caused by homicide, suicide, or accidents resulting in a death per minute caused by small arms. In an effort to stop this global threat, Libya has become the 78th country and the first North African country to sign the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), a treaty put into effect by the United Nations as of December 24, 2014, and encourages other countries to do the same. 


Due to the fall of Mouammar Kadhafi’s regime in 2011, the civilian population has been able to easily access the weapons used by Kadhafi’s forces. This has resulted in large amounts of illicit arms. This can be seen in Tripoli, where about four illicit arms deals are made a day. This dispersion of illicit arms has found its way to neighboring countries such as Mali, where these weapons are used by insurgent groups to harm civilians. If more funding is provided to International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) then Libya can efficiently combat this problem. 


Due to the ATT, the Government of the National Accord (GNA) of Libya has to look over and permit every arms deal. The treaty ensures that arms deals cannot lead to violations of international human rights and also cannot be used to facilitate terrorist attacks, a pattern of gender-based violence, violent crime, or organized crime. To minimize loopholes, this treaty covers all types of weapons, transfers, and transactions. The GNA must make sure that the arms are not sent to recipients with UN arms embargoes or anyone else besides the stated recipient. Libya is in a civil war and according to a UN Report countries like Turkey, Sudan, Jordan have broken the arms embargo against Libya and supplied the Libyan National Army (LNA) with weapons. This has fueled the fight for Libya between the GNA and LNA to a new level. The GNA is backed by the UN while the LNA is backed by other countries such as the UAE and tribal militias. This leads to the death of countless innocent lives. In efforts to stop illicit arms trade Handicap International has been teaching the public about risks posed by small arms and how to handle these weapons properly. Examples of such lessons are to keep weapons out of children’s hands and not to shoot into the air during celebrations. Additionally, 15,000 weapon risk awareness packets have been distributed to schools and hospitals across Tripoli.


Seeing the ineffectiveness of the ATT, Libya suggests that the committee devise a new solution to this global problem. Libya proposes that the UN provides more funding to set up more stops at the border to discourage the proliferation of illicit weapons. We also suggest to dispose of the UN arms embargo on Libya for it is only weakening the GNA while making the LNA stronger. We look forward to working with other countries and eradicating this problem.

  • Libya
  • Pratham Patel

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Thailand has the highest reported rate of gun-related deaths in Southeast Asia – almost 50% more gun homicides than the Philippines. As the US State Department Bureau for Diplomatic Security wrote in its 2013 safety report for overseas staff: “Thailand has a fervent gun culture on par with the United States and has become a world leader in firearms-related homicides.” It estimates that the actual number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by Thai civilians is around 10 million. One important reason for the discrepancy is that Thailand’s Interior Ministry has no records of weapons held by rebels in the country’s Deep South, where an insurgency has been smoldering for years. At the root of the conflict are decades-old separatist demands, with many residents of the southern provinces of Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat – home to a Muslim, Malay majority in the predominantly Buddhist nation – calling on Bangkok to grant them at least local autonomy.

Owning a firearm in the Southeast Asian country has been legal since 1947. However, only licensed gun owners may lawfully acquire, possess, or transfer a firearm or ammunition. The Act Controlling Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Fireworks, and Imitation of Firearms only allows people to obtain licenses to own guns for purposes of self-defense, protection of property, sports, or hunting. Applicants must be at least 20 years old and pass background checks which consider the applicants’ personal conduct, living conditions as well as their income and criminal records. Despite these rules, it is relatively easy to acquire a gun in Thailand. Especially in shops along the Thai-Myanmar and Thai-Cambodian border, they can easily be found. Guns are readily available in Thailand, and a vast number of people possess deadly weapons illegally. Some of these firearms are smuggled across the border. Others were imported for the police or military, but then somehow found their way into private hands. Experts claim that military, police, and paramilitary officials not only have easy access to such weapons but have also been known to sell these to non-state officials.

To solve this problem, I think that all individuals must obtain authorization before the possession, manufacturing, using, selling, purchase, ordering, and importation of firearms. Possession of ammunition for use with a gun, other than one which you have obtained

a license for owning or using, is prohibited. You are not allowed to bring a gun with you into a city, neighborhood, or public areas without a license for carrying one on you. Exceptions do exist for emergencies depending on the situation, and for government officials or law enforcement bodies of certain types.


  • Thailand
  • sereen abu younis

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Elliot Baker

Forest Hills Northern


The illicit arms trade is an ongoing issue across the world, particularly the trade of small arms and light weapons (SA/LW). SA/LW are the weapons of choice in conflict zones and for many terrorist groups. DISEC’s previous efforts to address the arms trade were encapsulated by the 2006 resolution 61/89, the Arms Trade Treaty. This treaty’s aim was to provide a framework for the “import, export, and transfer of conventional arms” (such as SA/LW) and was signed by Israel.


In the last decade, Israel has risen to become one of the most prolific arms exporters in the world, but Israel strives to ensure that its exports are not aiding in the unjust violation of human rights. Israel’s policies on arms trade include thoroughly vetting recipients of trade agreements to prevent civilian deaths and human rights abuses. When Israeli weapons are involved in such illicit trades, it is after numerous transactions, thus circumventing the policies in place, and out of Israel’s jurisdiction.


While eliminating human rights violations and gun violence due to the illicit arms trade is important, this committee also needs to bear in mind the harmful effects that a unilateral arms trade resolution can have on countries’ economies and development. Restriction of global trade, including the trade of SA/LW, can have detrimental effects on the global economy, and imposing more limitations on trade could unjustly target countries that export arms. Israel would like to remind the committee that the DISEC has previously defined illicit arms trade as trade that violates existing national or international law, or when this trade is in furtherance of a serious violation of international law (i.e. selling arms to a group known to violate human rights). Israel further believes that the best way to address the issue of illicit arms trade is to the adoption of policies including the vetting of arms trade recipients for all countries involved in arms export and/or transfer.

  • Israel
  • Elliot Baker

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Country: Fiji

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Delegate: Luke Jaworsky

School: Williamston High School


The illegal arms trade is an intense problem for many nations across the world. It allows for weaponry to fall into the hands of dangerous individuals and organizations such as terrorist groups. This business is extremely lucrative using large amounts of unpurposed weaponry and using the money gained to fund more illegal activities.

Fiji recognizes the extreme danger of the illegal arms trade and understands that extensive measures need to be taken in order to further prevent dangerous groups from intercepting these weapons to be used for harmful uses. Our country recognizes that the ATT though humble in design and in purpose has not fulfilled its intended purpose. Fiji also recognizes the ability to enforce laws on the illegal arms trade will be a challenge because many of the areas it is intended for already have a general breakdown of law and order. We also recognize that an international agreement between nations on this topic will be difficult.

Fiji further resolve that the ATT be either further strengthened through reorganization and new outlines and limits or a complete scrap of the organization and a new one being implemented with stricter rules. Fiji would also want many of the nations who actually deal with this issue to sign on with the same comprehensive resolution that the other nations in this committee have agreed to.


  • Fiji
  • Luke Jaworsky

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Disarmament & International Security Committee 

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Vincent Holden


Disarmament & International Security Committee needs to address the problem of the illicit arms trade that is affecting the world on a global basis, but is growing to a disturbing precedent in war ridden countries or with countries that have a lost or corrupted leader.

Rwanda and the surrounding region have laws that prohibit the import and export of firearms, but with the increase of illegal arms smuggling and trade the laws have no effect, and with the recent increase of malitas and private military contractors could lead to places with already war torn area be ̈invaded¨ by another problem (ie. malitas and private military contractors).  With half of all illegal gun trade being light arms this could and is becoming a rising issue mostly because the lighter arms are both easier to smuggle in and easier to hide on ones body.


Lastly firearms can be used in different ways, like taking people hostage that side with the other side in the war they’re fighting, they can use them to overthrow the government of their country, or worse take the lives of innocent people that didn’t want to be involved in those events.


  • Rwanda
  • Vincent Holden

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People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Preventing illicit arms trade


Illicit arms to be clear is the illegal and unethical trade of arms and ammunition. The arms that the organizations receive contribute almost exclusively towards civil violence. One example of a powerful arms trade group is The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). This group has a revenue of 500 million US dollars and enables 15,000 small arms and 2.5 million rounds of ammunition. Small arms are utilized to kill roughly 500,000 deaths annually and the illicit arms trade makes up almost 80 percent of the casualties. 


My country has seen this problem first hand with our civil war in 2002. The Islamic Insurgency was a nongovernmental body that mandated the practice of Islam. They enforced this through acts of violence that are attributed to similar Islamic terror groups found in the middle east. The violence turned into a firefight when the Insurgency tried to bully the police and security officials. After gunfights broke out with firearms from arms dealers in north Africa, the government crumbled. Since the rebels had the same firepower as the military of Algeria my country fell. However, now my country is strong and the only way to ensure the strength and security of the people all over the world is to stop the illicit arms trade. 


In committee, I wish to discuss the implications of registering all firearms in every country to limit the ease of illicit arms trade. If all arms that are traded over borders have to be registered then this will eliminate most transactions that are international. Also if the firearms are made in a country maybe there could be criteria that all gun manufacturers have to abide by, eliminating military firearms through restrictions. Such as the full automatic restrictions seen in the United States.

  • Algeria
  • Cameron Cribbs

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Country: Kuwait
Committee: DISEC
Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade
Delegate: Ethan Briggs
School: Williamston High School


Warfare itself has changed, from being the glorious march of armies to hit-and-run missions conducted by terrorist cells. Of course, this epic battle between nations is no longer found on the border of nations, but in third-world countries and other places where their governments are exploitable. The biggest problem, however, is how the weaponry gets into the hands of these groups of people. The UN has already passed treaties in means to end this trade, but some nations and groups have opted out of supporting it, and keep dispensing weaponry around the world. It is imperative that we stop this trade, or the idea of ending war altogether is impossible.

Kuwait is one of the nations committed to the UN Program of Action, and have taken the view that they are a leading factor of destabilization. Kuwait also supported Security Council resolutions 2117 and 2220, dealing with the topic. Kuwait was, and still is, a leading supporter of the UN Arms Trade Treaty. In home territory, a law was passed for the collection of unlicensed arms and ammunition. An awareness campaign promoting this law caused many of its citizens to voluntarily turn in their weaponry. However, Kuwait is well aware that this is their own policy, and should not be strictly enforced onto other nations.


Kuwait would like to see possible restrictions on nations and companies that sell arms illegally. Looking into who they are selling to would help, as it could help determine punishment. However, nations should also have a grace period to end their sale, given around 5 years. Not only that, promoting fair and open trade is a must. Many of these deals are backroom, and that is the issue we need to cut down on. Having international regulations on weaponry and purchasing would also be helpful. In less fortunate nations, checking in markets for unlicensed weaponry is a must. However, the most important thing is to respect other nations, and make sure that this trade is ended peacefully. If it is not, then we may have to face the repercussions down the road.


  • Kuwait
  • Ethan Briggs

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Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Country: Bulgaria

Delegate: Nora Gauss

School: Fishers High School

The illicit arms trade is an issue that plagues many international governments. Bulgaria is no exception. In 2017, there was an estimated 244,267 illicit or unregistered firearms. More recently, in February, Bulgarian authorities had to detain and arrest an organized crime group, which was responsible for illegally obtaining and selling weapons. This incident isn’t isolated either. The Bulgarian organized crime industry, an industry that actively participates in the illicit arms trade, has been reported to be active in 15 EU Member States, spreading their practices farther than just Bulgaria. The arms trade in Bulgaria has also fallen under harsh scrutiny, with those opposed calling for legislative reform. This was due to increases in illicit arms sales in 1997, one that occurred due to police involvement. To ensure that there is less abuse in Bulgaria and so that we can reduce the illicit arms trade as a whole, the delegation of Bulgaria supports controlling and reducing the illicit arms trade.

 In the past, Bulgaria has made great strides by destroying surplus weapons, so that they are less attainable to those without the proper requirements. Since a large supply of weapons is stolen from the military each year, by destroying these surplus weapons, Bulgaria is keeping the people’s safety in their best interest. Furthermore, in 2001, Bulgaria announced that we were going to screen applications for arms export licenses far more thoroughly. This action compensated for any possible fraud or foul-play that could’ve occurred. Finally, Bulgaria increased training for police officials, extended border security and customs control, and upgraded equipment. The police involvement that had previously occurred in Bulgaria has fizzled out. Plus, with the improvements the nation has made, it is one that will not revive any time soon. As another part of this effort, the Bulgarian government started to more seriously authenticate the documents provided by arms traders and brokers. These efforts, when combined, were able to substantially weaken the organized crime industry, as well as, their involvement in the illicit arms trade. The actions that Bulgaria has already taken provided a strong foundation for the legal reform that has been discussed and called upon.

The official stance that Bulgaria takes regarding the illicit arms trade is that we must work to take legal and legislative action. The topic of reforming Bulgaria’s arms industry has been in discussion for nearly 3 years and we agree that it is time to take true legislative action. In order to do so, we propose that a stricter licensing and penalty process is adopted. That way, abuse, fraud, and thievery are not only discouraged, but less likely. Bulgaria is also looking to pass legislation that would tighten security on the entire arms trade, in order to minimize the possibility of corruption or abuse. By tightening security, improving licensing policies, and raising penalties, we can ensure that the illicit arms trade is weakened.

The illicit arms trade has been running rampant in developing nations, like Bulgaria, for far too long, all at the expense of the country and the people. In order to truly combat the crimes taking place in Bulgaria, we have offered a proposal that is effective and prevents corruption among civilians or officials. 


“III. The Arms Industry” Human Rights Watch,


“Bulgaria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law” Gun Policy,

Gotev, Georgi. “Commission: Organized crime in Bulgaria is ‘unique’” Euractiv, 17 July 2012

“Reforming Bulgaria’s Arms Trade” Human Rights Watch, 3 July 2002. 

Xuequan, Mu. “Bulgaria busts illegal arms trade gang” Xinhuanet, 5 February 2019.


  • Bulgaria
  • Nora Gauss

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Committee: Disarmament and International Security

Topic: Preventing Illicit Arms Trade

Country: Hellenic Republic

Delegate: Josephine Koch, Forest Hills Northern High School


In the post-war era, rapid advancements in armament technology, particularly with the advent of the atomic bomb in 1945, set the backdrop for the Cold War and modern arms racing. With this has come the scourge of the illicit arms trade. Over the course of the last century, the international community has struggled to cope with the destruction resulting from the trafficking of armaments. Currently, the value of the illicit arms trade is estimated to be anywhere from two million to ten million U.S. dollars. The effects of the illicit arms trade are most detrimental in unstable and developing countries. For example, the trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) wreaked havoc during the Sierra Leone Civil War, as outside actors stoked the conflict by dumping an unprecedented number of illegal arms into the country in exchange for “blood diamonds.” The UNDP recently estimated that nearly eight million SALW are present in West Africa. In light of these atrocities, the global community has taken steps to combat the illicit arms trade, through measures such as the Arms Trade Treaty, which has sought to impose international standards and limitations on the transnational arms trade, and root out illegal activity. Although the treaty was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2013, and entered into force the following year, 105 states have yet to ratify it, and 32 of those who ratified have failed to sign. 

Greece firmly believes in the importance of curbing the trafficking of arms, and affirms the role of the international community in providing a framework by which to prevent the illicit arms trade. Greece believes that arms reduction goes hand in hand with illicit arms trade prevention, and therefore affirms its support of universal arms limitations treaties, such as the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, and the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention. Greece has fully embraced its commitment to such treaties, succeeding in destroying all landmines on its territory four years ahead of the established deadline. Greece also maintains its support of the Arms Trade Treaty, and urges those countries who have yet to sign or ratify the treaty to take action for the good of the global community. Only through establishing international standards that promote transparency, accountability, and stability can we hope to end the unnecessary human suffering that has resulted from the proliferation of illegal arms. 


Greece holds that there is an eerie correlation between the accessibility of illicit weapons and the occurrence of violence and instability, particularly in the developing world. The prevention of the illicit arms trade, therefore, should be a priority, not only for humanitarian reasons, but also in the interest of global stability. In response to this desperate need, the international community should endorse measures such as the Arms Trade Treaty. Following the lead of ATT, let us establish regulations that promote peace and trust, rather than destruction and suspicion. 

  • Hellenic Republic
  • Josephine Koch

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

United Mexican States

Saginaw Arms & Sciences Academy

Malhar Amin                                                                                                                           


There are currently 850 million light weapons in circulation worldwide; 74% of the weapons are in civilian hands. Every year almost a million people die from injuries caused by illicit weapons, according to Gobierno de México. Illicit weapons are found everywhere in the world, but there are some hotspots where illicit weapons are found and traded easily. While the UN has set up ATT, it is simply not effective; not because nations don’t comply, but rather because most arms sales are done illegally. Currently the illicit arms trade is on the rise, and not just in underdeveloped nations, it is going on everywhere. Every country unwillingly contributes to the illicit arms trade daily. While it may seem that developed nations are not a proponent, they are and they heavily affect surrounding underdeveloped nations. In order to combat this increasing danger every country must work together to find a solution.


Currently there are 9,000 armories in the United States that border Mexico. These armories sell to the people and increase organized crime. According to Amnesty International 200,000 weapons enter Mexico from the United States (usually at a rate of 2,000 per day.) This heavily increases the firepower available to gangs and cartels that ravage the country. The illicit arms trade is just not local to Mexico, it is spread throughout all of Latin America and internationally. Currently many civil wars and protests are going on which increase the proliferation of guns. These civil wars cause an “arms race,” in which citizens feel the need to arm themselves through getting guns internationally or making guns by themselves. A major hub for arms trade is Colombia, which through anecdotal evidence, suggests that many weapons to Colombia are delivered internationally using the Panama Canal as a route.





Mexico urges the UN to renew the ATT, or make a new treaty altogether. This treaty would firstly provide aid to countries currently being torn apart due to excessive arms in their countries. Second the treaty should urge the Security Council to monitor imports and exports of countries with these excessive arms. The treaty would also call upon the Security Council to place sanctions on countries that do not comply, and the Security Council will also put limits on items being traded that have been linked to gun-making. Every day the illicit arms trade gets worse, and in order to keep peace, we all must work together for the betterment of every nation, and the protection of our citizens.        

  • Mexico
  • Malhar Amin

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The Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Thomas Everett Dixon

Forest Hills Eastern


Obstructing the illicit arms trade is paramount to the current day and age. The licencing and moderation of the arms trade is crucial. In the past, the illicit arms trade was unstipulated, this caused many issues for the safety and security of many governments. Because of this danger, the United Nations has addressed this issue many times. This topic has been presented to the United Nations, most recently in 2017. At that time, the United Nations adopted a resolution which called for the standardization of a treaty that would prevent combat, and have countries track illegal arms trade. This was passed in the hope that the eradication of the illicit arms trade would occur on all fronts. Previous United Nations discussion on illicit gun trade has brought about the The International Tracing Instrument (ITI) and the Programme of Action (PoA). The ITI is a politically binding guide on the recording of data that allows for the tracing of specific illicit weapons. The PoA is a framework that provides the structure for countering the illicit trade of Small Arms. Azerbaijan supports both The International Tracing Instrument, as well as the Programme of Action. Previous work has been on the right track, however more effort is necessary to continue to restrict the illicit arms trade.


As a country with the successful implementation of regulatory measures on guns, Azerbaijan believes that the best way to obstruct the illegal arms trade is to continue work on this important topic. Reports from Azerbaijan state that the firearms and ammunition smuggled in Azerbaijan is insignificant. Azerbaijan achieves this permissive regulation through an organized system of regulative authorities and strict laws that punish unlicensed individuals who buy and sell firearms. All of this takes place, while the right of the people to own firearms is maintained. Azerbaijan postulates that the United Nations should encourage all countries to subdue the illicit gun trade in their respective countries.


Azerbaijan would support a strong resolution, in which the issue of illegal gun trade is acknowledged, the resolution strives to subjugate the illicit firearms trade through the means of the United Nations incentivizing countries to impose strict statutes on the topic at hand, and both the International Tracing Instrument, as well as the Programme of Action is maintained.

  • Azerbaijan
  • Thomas Dixon

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Submitted to : Disarmament and International Security Committee 

From : Socalist Republic of Vietnam

Subject : The Illicit Arms Trade 

Globally, the defense industry make $398.2 billion a year, one of the largest industries worldwide. Scholars estimate that the illicit arms trade makes over 1 billion dollars. While that is only a fraction of what the legal defense industry makes, the effects of the illicit arms trade are seen world wide. Both international terrorist organizations as well as international criminal organizations get their hands on a variety of weapons illegally and use them to hurt civilian populations. Conflict zones all throughout the world are being flooded with these weapons, only adding fuel to the fire, making sures these conflicts never end. Another problem is when state actors fund these weapons making sure they get to non state actors. The countries usually being  affected are developing nations in the middle of a conflict. A question for the committee to ask itself is why are other nations funding illicit arms sales to terrorist groups. It is an injustice this committee cannot allow.


Any good resolution that our committee passes will do a couple of things. First and most importantly, it will work to regulate and provide punishment for nations who sell or allow the purchase of illegal weapons which are to the detriment of developing nations. Second, a resolution needs to implore non corrupt law enforcement to take a harder stance on the illegal arms trade and provide aid if needed. Third, we must recognize conflict zones and work to stop a large number of illegal arms entering a nation, only prolonging the wars in these developing nations. The exploitation of developing nations by the flooding of illegal guns from developed nations state actors and is unacceptable. All nations should review the Arms trade treaty and familiarize themselves with this important document. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam expects great things from this committee and is excited to tackle these tough issues.


  • Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Jackson Wicka

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Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Trinidad and Tobago

George Khamis

Forest Hills Eastern


Preventing the illicit arms trade remains a pivotal issue in the world. The restriction and control of illicit arms trade is imperative and demands a resolution. In the past, illicit arms control was unregulated, and the outcome resulted in detrimental effects in the political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions of Trinidad and Tobago. This topic was last reviewed and discussed in 2017; the United Nations adopted a resolution which called for the complete and total eradication of the illicit arms market and the standardization of a treaty that would prevent small arms from illegally crossing borders and limit all potential gun combat. The UN should further promote the eradication of the illicit arms trade and take the siege on all fronts. Trinidad and Tobago believes that a new resolution with more specific forms of illicit arms regulation is necessary for a safer and freer world, and although work in the past was implementing 


As a nation that allied itself with CARICOM, the Caribbean community and common market, Trinidad and Tobago is apart of fifteen Caribbean nations and dependencies with primary objectives to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy. As a country with the successful implementation of regulatory measures on guns, Trinidad and Tobago believes that the best way to eradicate the illegal trade of illicit arms is to implement more UN approved laws and programs like the international tracing instrument and the programme of action.  Trinidad and Tobago continues to be adversely affected as a result of this cross-border illegal activity which is linked to illegal drug trafficking, money laundering and cyber crime. Furthermore, Trinidad and Tobago encourages the promotion of continued forward momentum over the to regulate and monitor conventional weapons and  we urge continued global efforts to address these threats.


Trinidad and Tobago encourages the further implementation of the ATT’s (the arms trade treaty) core provisions, which are consistent with our own national security interests, that is, to prevent the diversion of illegal conventional arms to the illicit market. Trinidad and Tobago has been actively engaged and will remain engaged in the process of implementation of the ATT, to further secure and protect the majority caught in the cross-fire. Trinidad and Tobago further urges the UN to de-legitimize and exterminate all unlicensed/unregulated criminals, and to root out the source of dark web arms sales. Finally, Trinidad and Tobago advocates for a resolution that will promote the security of all nations and secure the economic interest of these nations while insuring all illegal arms trades will cease immediately.

  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • George Khamis

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Disarmament & International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

The Bahamas

Jared Rhein

Forest Hills Eastern

The illicit arms trade is a pertinent problem in the global picture and is not dwindling in the slightest. Illegal arms affect the international and domestic lifestyles of people from all walks of life. The illicit arms trade is harmful to the world’s economies, societies and the wellness of nations due to their purchase and distribution to criminals and terrorists that negatively influence social, economic, and humanitarian lifestyles. The Commonwealth of the Bahamas has actively participated in the United Nations and will continue to do so. The Bahamas has signed and fully endorse the Arms Trade Treaty, which helps prevent humanitarian violations, along with disallowing loopholes; the Arms Treaty also discourages any violations of the humanitarian code, acts of genocide, acts of terrorism, or violations U.N. arms embargoes. The Commonwealth of The Bahamas is strongly opposed to the illicit arms trade and will not stop at any means to eradicate these transactions.

The Bahamas and The United States of America and have worked closely in subduing efforts to smuggle weapons and other illegal substances. Considering that the nearest Bahamian landmass is only 50 miles from Florida, the Bahamas is a major transshipment point for illicit trafficking, particularly to the US mainland, as well as Europe. OPBAT, or the Operation Bahamas, Turks & Caicos, was established in 1982 to abolish the illegal drug trade, but also includes the illicit arms trade prevention. 50 million gross tons of ships fly the Bahamian flag around the world, making it the fifth-largest maritime presence. These Bahamian vessels do not provide to the illicit arms trade, but rather abide by the treaties from the United Nations, along with regional alliances that have instilled a mutual desire to abolish the illicit arms trade. The Bahamian people and government alike are strongly opposed to the illicit arms trade that hurts our people; the Bahamas’ homicides by firearm have increased from 69% in 2005 to 85% in 2014, according to This increase of homicides by firearm is a direct indicator of the unwanted illicit arms trade that encourages domestic death. The Bahamas seeks to decrease the presence of the illicit arms trade to encourage GDP growth in the tourism and financial industries.

The Bahamas move to encourage the United Nations to renew the Arms Trade Treaty, along with the addition of severe restrictions and embargoes on countries that encourage the illicit arms trade; the use of preliminary searches by the U.N. on countries accused of participating in the illicit arms trade, will give insight into who requires restrictions and embargoes. In a country filled with tourism, international banking and investment management, The Bahamas wants to keep its country safe and acknowledges the disasters that come from the illicit arms trade. A resolution filled with regulations and embargoes upon countries not abiding by the Arms Trade Treaty or other U.N. doctrines upon preventing the illicit arms trade is appropriate and will be supported by the Bahamas. 


  • The Commonwealth of the Bahamas
  • Jared Rhein

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Republic of Turkey

Toby Klooster

Forest Hills Eastern


The spread of small arms and light weapons has swiftly become a danger to peace and security in recent years, as it remails uncontrolled and unchecked across many regions. Militant groups such as ISIS have taken advantage of the illegal arms trade to commit acts of terror against multiple nations, including Turkey. Furthermore, the propagation of small arms and light weapons has emboldened terrorists in and around Syria, a nation already strife with warfare which has put Turkish security at extreme risk. Therefore, Turkey strongly supports global cooperation within the framework of the UN to completely extinguish the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons.


Turkey believes that the increasing death count from small arms and light weapons, along with the close relationship illicit arms trade has with terrorism, calls for immediate, unified action. In 2013, Turkey co-sponsored and actively contributed to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), a previous resolution on the topic of the illicit arms trade. Additionally, Turkey has participated in the First Conference of State Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty held in Cancun, Mexico. Turkey also strongly supports the implementation of the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons. Lastly, Turkey is an active advocate for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s (OSCE) documents on small arms and light weapons. Some actions taken domestically to stop illicit arms trade include requiring licenses to be obtained from the Ministry of Defense for the export of all weapons and ammunition, as well as annually issuing a list of all weapons and ammunition that are subject to licensing.


Turkey believes that the current responses taken by the UN toward the problem of illicit arms trade provide an important basis for further efforts; however, complete implementation of the UN Programme of Action (PoA), in addition to reinforcing it with certain measures to compensate for the increasing danger of the issue at hand, occupy a vital role in fighting against imminent threat of the illicit arms trade. First, nations prone to harbor the arms trade epidemic must be encouraged to receive support from the UN Trust Facility Supporting Cooperation on Arms Regulation. Second, in response to the growing threat of the illicit arms trade, states should convene annually to discuss the application of the PoA. Lastly, the PoA should further emphasize the necessity for every nation to mark and trace all small arms and light weapons. The international community cannot tolerate the illicit arms trade or the threat it poses against global peace and security any longer.

  • Turkey
  • Toby Klooster

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade

Federal Republic of Somalia

Forest Hills Eastern

Api Sen


Many nations throughout the world face an ongoing threat of armed conflict and violence. With mass killings, murders, and terrorism advancing in today’s society, preventing the trade of illegal weapons must come to an end. Despite the United Nations efforts in limiting the act, the trading of these weapons, particularly small arms and light weapons (SA/LW), has been on the rise due to their portability compared to military-grade weaponry. The Disarmament and International Security Committee must come together as a whole and reconsider what went wrong that one 2014 committee was unfit to solve with the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). With 105 member nations signing and an additional 33 up for ratification- the treaty was seen as unfit and weak to many around the world. 


As a representative of the Federal Republic of Somalia, our nation’s government praises that members of the United Nations recognize Somalia as apart of the global initiative in preventing the illicit arms trade. Many of our nation’s citizens fear those in high power, especially in the Horn of Africa, and much of this power is backed up by those supplying such weaponry; therefore groups lead by leaders such as Al-Shabab remain at the top of the hierarchy. As a nation that has been at war with itself for nearly thirty years, we claim to be at conflict with none other than ourselves. Outsider nations looking to resolve Somalian conflicts are not needed at this moment and President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed requests members of the United Nations to focus on Somalia’s long-standing importation restrictions. Resolution 2444 (2018) restricts the importation of weapons and other valuables into the Federal Republic of Somalia limiting our citizens in receiving illicit arms from an outsider nation. Due to this analysis, the conflict is simply not recognized by the Federal Republic of Somalia due to these restrictions and will focus on lifting said sanctions placed by the signers of Resolution 2444.


The Federal Republic of Somalia in support of preventing the illicit arms trade globally, and respects nations attempting to create a society for the betterment of all. As the members of the United Nations work to resolve the ongoing threat to the world, President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed alongside his government will continue working towards lifting sanctions to reconsider resolution 2444 in limiting Somalian imports. As the illicit arms trade does not affect Somalian citizens due to the stated resolution, the Federal Republic of Somalia wishes the best of luck to the Disarmament and International Security Committee along with the United Nations.

  • Federal Republic of Somalia
  • Api Sen

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Sreevas Ramakrishnan

Forest Hills Eastern


The illicit trade of arms are mostly present in areas affected by armed conflict, but affects the entire world as a whole. The trading of these weapons has been an ongoing threat to the world for decades, contributing to the violent crime and the proliferation of sensitive technology. Particularly troubling is the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SA/LW); these arms account for an estimated 60-90% of the 100,000+ conflict deaths each year and tens of thousands of additional deaths outside of war zones (Small Arms Survey 2005). Moreover, they serve as the weapon of choice for terrorists groups such as the Islamic State, the Taliban, Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram. Of the roughly 175 terrorist attacks identified in last year’s State Department report on Patterns of Global Terrorism, approximately half were committed with small arms or light weapons. In response to this growing problem, the United Nations has implemented the Arms Trade Treaty, however, many major countries such as the United States, Russia, and China are not following this international law because it regulates the global trade of conventional arms.

In Portugal, police sources say that “modified guns are as easily accessible as any common good.” The increase in the supply of arms to terrorists risks the emergence of a “culture of violence,” which ultimately, will lead to negative effects. Armed crime could easily lead to the privatization of security and the increased spread and the use of arms as communities seek to defend themselves. The proliferation of SA/LW and their uncontrolled spread in regions of the world is a major factor to conflict, the displacement of people, and crime and terrorism. According to the National Report by Portugal, our delegation strongly supports the full implementation of the Programme of Action aimed at preventing, combating and eradicating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Portugal is also fully committed to the implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace in a Timely and Reliable Manner Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons.

Portugal proposes for the United Nations to further enforce international laws such as an Arms Trade Treaty to ensure the domestic and national tranquility of the people living in war-affected areas and the world as a whole. SA/LW’s are easily accessible and purchased; in response to this issue, the UN needs to propose legislation concerning the possession of these arms. To reduce the use of arms, the UN should impose stricter bans on arms and weapons of mass destruction for the overall safety of civilians. For example, in every country, background checks must be completed before the purchase of any kind of weapon. As there are few agreements and resolutions about the possession of weapons in a location, Portugal urges the UN to enforce these previously created resolutions by increasing the restrictions on the possession of arms. Portugal, though not heavily impacted by the illegal trading of arms, realizes the easy access to these lethal weapons can cause damage to the world and, specifically, a population in a war-torn area.


  • Portugal
  • Sreevas Ramakrishnan

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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Rushil Talla

Forest Hills Eastern

The flow of weapons into countries acts as a major destabilization for power. When groups have access to arms, they are granted a power to force the government to do things such as dethrone those in power and grant wishes by holding hostages and slaughtering civilians. Since these small arms and light weapons are imported illicitly, laws making weapon possession illegal have no effect. The United Nations has previously initiated the Arms Trade Treaty which aimed to control the international import, export, and transfer of conventional arms. This treaty, however, works to control all conventional arms, even guns transported legally, and does not have an effect on illegally transferred weapons because illicit guns are transferred without the knowledge of the local authorities. Simply regulating legal transportation will have no effect because it does not effect illegal weapon transfer. Another issue is insurgents attacking weapon transport vehicles and seizing the weapons. When weapons are transported from one place to another, they are open targets for insurgent groups to claim for their own motives, allowing them to amass their armories. An example of this is in Somali where weapons sent in support to Somali have fallen to the Al-Shabaab rebels who use these supplies to continue fighting. The control over arms is crucial to preventing harm to civilians and to maintain the stability of a country and a solution must be found.

After Cambodia’s civil war in 1970, gun ownership, mostly the AK-47 rifle,  was common in towns, cities and villages around Cambodia. This oversaturation of guns within the population has resulted in many conflicts where blood was shed instead of a peaceful resolve. In the late 1990s, the government decided to remove guns from the possession of civilians, making it illegal to possess weapons. Now, private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law to citizens. State agencies are required to maintain records of the storage and movement of all weapons under control to ensure responsibility of arms transportation. Although Cambodia has successfully controlled registered and legal firearms, Cambodia has been unable to control the unregistered, illicit weapons. In one case, a pickup truck that had crashed was found containing 29 AK-47s, multiple grenades, and 4,000 plus bullets. The truck was on its way to Thailand, sold and transported illegally by an unidentified Cambodian man, unbeknownst to the Cambodian government. These weapons are surprisingly not only used by thieves, but also civil servants and some private individuals. Illicit weapons have been used in brazen armed robberies of jewelry, vehicles, and cash that have left a number of people injured or dead. In our decades of conflict, we have learned the devastating effects of armed conflict caused by illicit possession of arms – murders, destroyed infrastructure, lowered civilian moral, and leaving a country impoverished.

Seeing the effects of illicit arms in our country and others, Cambodia urges the committee to construct a new solution to the illicit arms trade issue as the Arms Trade Treaty has proved ineffective. More thorough checks must be administered at borders to prevent smuggling of weapons for countries containing high illegal weapon activity. Weapon shipments must be tracked and recorded be governments to ensure weapons are handled responsibly. To reduce the hijacking of weapon transport vehicles, laws should ensure that these vehicles are more heavily protected or weapons should be delivered through air transportation as it is harder for insurgents to hijack planes than trucks. These planes could either deliver to airports or drop containers containing the weaponry to designated drop zones.

  • Cambodia
  • Rushil Talla

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New Zealand

Disarmament & International Security Committee (DISEC): Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Many families have been terrorized or even killed by the use of illegal weapons. New Zealand has had its fair share of current terrorism like in 2018 when a shooter who illegally obtained an Assult weapon which killed 51 innocent people in a church. Our Country believes arms trading is a good thing but only with other countries’ military, not citizens. This issue is so important because if not regulated properly, the weapons could be used to kill millions.


The Prevention of illegal weapons trades helps our country economy and our power. Over the past years, many countries have been a victim of bioterrorist weapons/ attacks made by a terrorist such as 9/11 in New York, the Shooting in New Zealand church and the Chemical bomb dropped on the Syrian people. Our country believes stopping the trade of illegal guns and weapons will be a step into the future of a world without guns being used to kill any more innocent children or parents. It would not impact New Zealand at all but to other countries such as United States, it would impact, so we would like to insist this is the way to peace.


As a representative of New Zealand, we would like to stop and punish anyone who is trading illicit weapons to unauthorized people. We would like to work with China and the United States and other members of the UN to help solve this very problematic problem. Some solutions New Zealand proposes are heavy taxes on weapons trade/ increase the price to obtain weapons, Keep full control and vision on gun trades and increase security. We have talked during the UN Committee about the ways we proposed and talked about a new reformed NATO.


Overall We disagree with the use of guns and we would like to ban guns and stop the use of illegal guns to save our countries citizens and future generations.

  • New Zealand
  • Ethan Tilley

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Forest Hills Central

The Dominican Republic

Disarmament and International Security Committee(DISEC): Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


There is an illegal trade of weapons.  Weapons are being sold to terrorists and they are using it to cause terror and acts of crime on nations.  We are considered a transit stop for cocaine and the men transferring the stuff have illegal weapons. It is causing civil unrest and security within the country’s own borders is disappearing all because some people think it is ok to illegally sell guns to terrorists in order to make a profit.

There is currently no terrorism in our contry, but the treat has been increasing becuase of the conflicts in Iraq and Syria.  If there are illegal guns coming into our country, our country’s security will be greatly decreased. People are being sold military grade weapons and people who are not allowed to have weapons are being sold weapons.  Drug cartels are bringing in more illegal weapons to protect their product. Its giving more criminals high powered weapons and that can’t be good for anyone. We need to end the trade of illicit guns in order to stop this from happening.  We cannot allow criminals to have weapons in order to ensure our population is not harmed in any way.


We need to end the trade of illicit arms.  Our great country will be cracking down on terrorist cells to figure out where they are getting their weapons.  These weapons are causing great harm to my great nation. We are going to investigate where the weapons are coming from and put a stop to them.  We encourage other countries to do the same in funding efforts. We need to locate this group that is selling weapons to terrorists and eliminate them.  We also in the process should stop the drug trade that is going through our county. If there is no drugs to protect then the drug cartels would not need to buy illegal guns to protect the drugs.


  • Dominican Republic
  • Bobby Lynch

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Country: Palestine


Committee: DiSec


Topic: Preventing Illicit Arms Trade


Delegate: Kumar Varma


School: City High Middle School


Palestine is a state, being bullied by a nation with more power. Israel constantly invades us, chips away at us, and commits acts of violence against us. In 2018, Palestinian protestors were peacefully marching in the Gaza strip, when Israeli citizens decided to react. Using illegally traded arms, including handguns, hand grenades, and other small arms they murdered 189 Palestinians, including 31 children and 3 medical workers. Why were these acts of violence can be committed? Because the Israeli government doesn’t seem to know or care that their citizens are being given powerful weapons that are then used to murder.


We believe that the UN should send in trained peacekeepers to areas such as the Gaza strip, so as to prevent these acts of violence from occurring. We would also be in favor of UN appointed security forces standing guard at points of entry, and prevent Israeli radicals from being given more weaponry. Gun buybacks are inefficient som, we would not be in favor of them. Most of the time, they only take away weapons from those who aren’t committing crimes anyway. UN Peacekeepers have proven themselves effective however, and so we need them as soon as possible.


  • Palestine
  • Kumar Varma

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The illicit arms trade is prevalent in many ways throughout the world, mostly through small arms and ammunition sales. The groups who illegally trade these weapons range from terrorist groups such as ISIS  to governments like the nation of Qatar’s who sells these weapons to groups that oppose terrorist groups.. These trades, if sold to terrorists or other groups with harmful intent can ignite deadly international or civil wars. Recent data suggests there are nearly 100,000 deaths each year because of the illicit arms trade. If not solved, there will be thousands of weapons flowing throughout different countries and terrorist groups could impose more harm. As a committee, we must work together to create a practical resolution.


The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was passed to combat this issue on December 24, 2014.

 This treaty did not just cover the small guns and ammunition the majority of the trade. This treaty also covered but tanks and machine gun trade. The ATT makes sure that every country creates a system to regulate the export of ammunition. Additionally, nations that need financial help for this resolution can request funding from the UN. However, there are many flaws in the ATT, most notably, the lack of signatories from the three most leading irresponsible arms traders. Qatar abstained because this treaty was weak on terroism. In a region destroyed by terroism, any treaty that Qatar would sign must impose harsh consequences on terroism. Because of these flaws many countries have pulled out of the treaty including the United States of America. 


Qatar abstained to the ATT. Qatar supplies weapons to Syian Government opposition or the Syrian National Coalition backed by western countries. Qatar would want to join the ATT if it was stronger on terroism. Qatar has sold the 3rd least amount of small arms and ammunition in the region. This means that Qatar is NOT the issue in this argument and should be able to do with regards to trading with who they want to. The weapons being sold are mostly to ISIS opposition. Qatar would like there to be less weapons in the region to limit conflicts. Including when the UAE attempted to invade Qatar.


The delegation of Qatar would look favorably upon a resolution that is stronger against terroism. This would help the war on terror by limiting ISIS and make the region safer. The delegation of Qatar would look favorably upon a resolution that would also want there to be harsher consequences if caught selling weapons to a terrorist group. Qatar would want less threat of terroism in the region and preventing the illicit arms trade would do just that.…3.1..0.0.0…….0….1..gws-wiz…..10..0i71.9tE3Lsg7BW0


  • Qatar
  • Andrew Klein

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Country: France

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing Illicit Arms Trade

Delegate: Henry VanderZyden

School: East Grand Rapids

France practices a responsible export policy guided by strict compliance with its international commitments. As an inseparable part of our global export strategy, the control process guarantees consistency with France’s foreign, defense and security policy. It is a crucial instrument for combating illicit trafficking and destabilizing flows that fuel crises and conflicts across the globe. It also takes into account existing alliances and partnerships with certain countries that reflect France’s major strategic objectives at the international level. France implements a particularly rigorous national export control system. Arms exports are prohibited unless authorized by the Government and under its control. Authorizations are issued on the basis of an interministerial procedure that assesses applications according to criteria, including those defined at the European level by Common Position 2008/944/ CFSP. France participates in the Wassenaar Arrangement on export control for conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies. Established in 1996, it now brings together 41 Participating States, including the main producers and exporters of leading-edge technologies. Furthermore, France, like all its European partners, applies all the provisions of the EU Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. The Common Position aims to foster convergence between Member States’ arms export policies and promote transparency in the arms sector. France attaches great importance to this treaty and played an active role during the different phases of negotiation. For instance, France strongly supported efforts to ensure that respect for international human rights law and humanitarian law were given a central place in the treaty.

  • France
  • Henry VanderZyden

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Country: India

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trades

Delegate: Joey Mooney

School: East Grand Rapids

The nation of India is a firm believer of reducing the use of indiscriminate weapons in conflict and in future eliminating the use of these weapons. India is one of the oldest countries that has been against the use of indiscriminate weapons in conflict, and the use of nuclear weapons. Indiscriminate weapons are weapons that we no longer need while in conflict. India was the first to sign the NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) in 1968, and have already signed the Arms Trade Treaty. India believes that indiscriminate weapons cause unnecessary civilian deaths, and weapons such as mines should be required to be removed by the country that put them there. All countries holding nuclear weapons should find a safe way to remove of them, and/or nullify the threat of them in some way. Ireland believes the best way for this is to update the ATT and include more regulations, and restrictions in it. Countries who refuse to oblige should face a consequence in some way, however no violent action should be taken.


The nation of India also believes that some humanitarian action should be taken. Explosive weapons are an unnecessary risk in heavily populated areas, and unmanned drone strikes are also extremely dangerous. In cities where civilians are being killed by these indiscriminate weapons, India believes that the UN should take action in some way to remove civilians from the war zones, and if possible end fighting there. India believes that indiscriminate weapons are unnecessary, and the best thing to happen as of now is to remove them.

  • India
  • Joey Mooney

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Country: Denmark
Committee: DISEC
Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trades
Delegate: Mikayla Lomas
School: Williamston High School


The illicit arms trade is not a new problem, this problem has been happening for many years. The illicit trade of many small weapons or firearms happens in many parts of the globe, but specifically, the areas that have been afflicted by conflict, organized crime, and violence. In these areas, the need for illicit weapons is in high demand. The illicit arms trade helps fuel the ongoing conflicts happening in the world along with civil wars that can tear nations apart and cause more violence and destruction in the world. Many of these trades happen on the black market local and even regional level. Due to the level, they are being sold on, this makes it so the arms are publicly available to those who are in search of suck weapons. In data that was analyzed in the Small Arms Survey 2013 indicated that large amounts of firearms that have been seized across the Mexico border are traced back to the United States annually. The market for small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) seems to be the most troubling. These SA/LW can account for approximately 60-90% of the 100,000+ deaths due to conflict each year. In one of the United States State Departments Patterns of Global Terrorism report, about 175 terrorist attacks were identified and about half were committed with small arms or light weapons. The weapons are usually bought in small firearms shops in the United States and then brought back across the border, the more and more arms are being bought, the amount can turn into a huge number. The committee and its members need to come together on this pressing issue that has caused so many casualties to find a solution.

Denmarks does not have a national agency that is specifically responsible for guidance on policy, research and monitoring effort to eradicate the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, but the Danish police districts do in fact support and coordinate efforts to prevent and eradicate the illicit trade of the SA and LW both in Denmark and the world. Denmark has passed many acts/orders/laws/etc. To combat the illicit trade. Some of the key legislative acts that deal with the legal firearms trade, possession, and distribution are the Danish Weapons and Ammunition order, the Danish War Material Act, the Danish Weapons and Explosives Act and the Danish Weapons and Ammunition Circular. All of these have been established in Denmark to help combat the illicit arms trade. To add to the acts passed, Denmark has changed some of its punishments such as minimum punishments doubling from its original number. These are just some of the many steps that Denmark has taken.


One of the first steps that need to be taken is by setting up more checkpoints near/on borders and in the country, and along with more in-depth scanning and checks. By having more checkpoints and in-depth checks you will be able to find more people smuggling weapons or even small arms and light weapons. This would be mostly headed by the United Nations Security Council, but both the Security Council and the countries that are implementing these procedures need to work together. With the increasing numbers of small arms and light weapons trade increasing, government organizations, allies to the country that is implementing these procedures and the Security Council need to start to focus on what will happen in the future and how can this be prevented from happening. Another solution that Denmark feels will be helpful is setting restrictions on the number of types of weapons being manufactured. By regulating the types of weapons allowed to be made countries will slowly be able to know how many of that type of weapon there is. Denmark believes that the illicit arms trade is a very pressing issue and that it needs to be worked on to be solved. We as a country are hoping that the other countries take into consideration the lives and risk that is present currently without solutions.

  • Denmark
  • Mikayla Lomas

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Topic: Illicit Arms Trade

Country: Japan

Committee: Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)


For many decades, the illicit arms trade has plagued nearly every corner of the globe to at least some extent. With the recent rise in the production and use of small arms and light weapons, bad actors such as terrorists or untrustworthy nations have been able to  easily transport or trade these arms. Conservative estimates place the value of the illicit small arms trade at 850 million to 1.7 billion dollars every year. Although international law warrants many uses of small arms, this has been a challenging issue to combat in an international forum. Moreover, many nations still have misconceptions as to how lethal these arms can be; for example, a shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile, available for only a few thousand dollars on the black market, is capable of bringing down a commercial airliner in one hit. However, solving this issue is of paramount importance to the security of civilians around the world. The delegation of Japan is optimistic that we can diplomatically work together as a committee to create an encompassing solution that will be favorable to many nations. 

Japan firmly believes that small arms and light weapons are the de-facto weapons of mass destruction- they lead to conflict and destabilization. In the UN, we have long been an active and influential advocate in the sphere of SALW. Since 1995, Japan has introduced a resolution on the illicit arms trade nearly every year- all of which have been adopted by the vast majority of UN members. In 2006, Japan co-authored resolution 61/89, which laid the foundations for the Arms Trade Treaty.

In recent decades, the UN has also taken numerous steps to solve this issue. Among these steps was the UN Programme of Action on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, adopted in 2001 as a framework for addressing the issue. Additionally, the  Goal Target 16.4 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aims to significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows by 2030. Even more recently, this same committee met in october of 2017 to counter the flow of weapons into vulnerable regions. In that meeting, Japan highlighted that only half of UN member states had joined the Arms Trade Treaty. As we head into our next meeting, the delegation of Japan will continue to lobby nations to sign that treaty.

Recognizing the severe consequences of this issue, as the Disarmament and International Security Committee, there are many steps we can take to eliminate the illicit arms flow. Looking at the source of these weapons, major weapon-producing nations must monitor their arms exports more thoroughly. These states should take into account the track record of their customers and their current participation in conflicts when evaluating a proposed sale. In addition, once a transaction has occurred, both parties should work together to track how and who uses the weapons. On a separate note, we ought to endorse post-conflict initiatives that aim to destroy or dispose of arms used in the conflict- doing such will eradicate unnecessary stockpiles and decrease the likeliness of future conflict. In the past, the strategic approach to this task has been twofold. First, demobilization; various UN missions in recent decades mandated the destruction of some weapons, this is to ensure combatants do not have a means of continuing the conflict. Second, combatants in a post-conflict society need to be reintegrated into the community as to avoid further divisions or strife. The UN successfully employed this strategy in Albania in 1998 as well as in Mali. The UN should also assist peace negotiators in creating settlements to disarm combatants and provide various forms of assistance to implement these settlements, this may include training, leadership, or monetary aid. We must also encourage trust and cooperation amongst international border/customs agencies to counter the illicit flow of arms. Japan would look favorably upon establishing an extensive international database or network for information sharing to better track the flow of weapons around the world. The delegation recommends the creation of a council to oversee the implementation and security of the database. Taking note that hundreds of thousands of small arms are prone to theft or loss in the storage facilities of untrustworthy nations, Japan deplores nations to consider destroying surplus or otherwise unnecessary arms. We also call upon Interpol, UNODC, and UNODA to validate the destruction of such surpluses. Lastly, Japan expresses hope that countries will continue to share recommendations and detailed reports on a regular basis. Thus, the delegation suggests that a committee of nations meets annually to assess and advise on the ongoing struggle to control the illicit arms trade.


  • Japan
  • Francis Allen

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Alexander Garcia, Royal Oak High School


Disarmament and International Security Committee, Private Military Contractors


The use of private military contractors throughout the world by various states is indeed problematic, as the contractors have been found responsible for numerous atrocities. However, any resolution passed by the Disarmament and International Security Committee which attempts to change the current behaviours of states on this issue would likely be ineffectual. The commitment among employers of private military contractors to reform their practices is less than exceptional, and given the limited powers and influence of this committee, no action the committee can take will change the current state of affairs in a meaningful way.

In light of this, this delegation’s view is that the committee’s focus should be on those areas in which it could affect change, namely, those concerning the UN’s own relationships with private military contractors. In the past, the UN has failed to properly vet and control the private military contractors it employs, leading to fiascoes such as the Bosnian sex trafficking scandal involving employees of the private military contracting firm DynCorp, a firm which was, at the time, employed by the UN in peacekeeping operations. Scandals such as these tarnish the reputation of the UN and its peacekeeping forces, which could complicate further peacekeeping missions. This is an issue in which a resolution passed by the committee could have a notable effect. Therefore, it is where the committee should concentrate its limited time.

In addressing this issue, this delegation favors recommending that the Department of Peacekeeping Operations work in conjunction with the Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries to develop new practices and guidelines for the use of private military contractors. These recommendations should be crafted in a manner which ensures that any private military contractors employed by the UN act in accordance with its principles. This delegation also favors the creation of a subcommittee of DISEC, tasked with publishing an annual report on the conduct and efficacy of private military contractors employed by the UN.


Pingeot, Lou. “A Dangerous Partnership .” Global Policy Institute, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, June 2012.

“Hopes Betrayed: Trafficking of Women and Girls to Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina for Forced Prostitution .” Human Rights Watch, 2002, doi:10.1163/2210-7975_hrd-2156-0295.


  • Madagascar
  • Alexander Garcia

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Alexander Garcia, Royal Oak High School


Disarmament and International Security Committee, Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade


Modern conflicts are often fuelled by the illicit arms trade. Take, for instance, Lebanon, where there has been documented a correlation between illicit arms market prices and reported killings. Or Africa, where it has been found that illicit arms shipments from sympathetic governments are a primary source of materiel for violent non-state actors as well as a method of circumventing UN arms embargoes. The illicit arms trade is a major obstacle in the way of a more peaceful world. If it ever wishes to secure world peace, the international community must eliminate it.

How, exactly, is the Disarmament and International Security Committee to go about aiding those ends? It has been well established that the majority of illicit small arms trades come in the form of diversion or misuse of official arms transfers, and the current framework for regulating official international arms trade, including preventative actions against diversion of materiel to the illicit market, is the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty. While the treaty is admirable in its goals and its spirit of international cooperation, its lack of universal adoption as well as its underwhelming implementation significantly weaken it. 

Therefore, it is the position of this delegation that the resolution passed by this committee should serve to address these flaws. While the Committee lacks the power of coercion and cannot amend the treaty, it can encourage more nations to become State-Parties to the ATT and establish a subcommittee to independently review the implementation of the ATT annually. The aforementioned subcommittee could also review the arms-trading practices of states not party to the ATT, and how those practices either abet or combat the illicit arms market. Implementing these practices would be a realistic and effective step in combating the illicit arms trade.



Geneva, Small Arms Survey. “Small Arms Survey 2013.” Small Arms Survey, 2013, doi:10./cbo9781107323612.

Geneva, Small Arms Survey. “Small Arms Survey 2012.” Small Arms Survey, 2012

Edited by Greene and Marsh. “Small Arms, Crime and Conflict: Global governance and the threat of armed violence.” London: Routledge Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution.

  • Madagascar
  • Alexander Garcia

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Country: Sweden
Committee: DISEC
Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade
Delegate: Claire Daniels
School: Williamston High School


One of the most crucial issues that corresponds with this topic is the rapid growth of conventional arms flow into vulnerable regions that are prone to war conflicts. Today, there is only one specialized international document (Arms Trade Treaty) to slow and ultimately prevent the trafficking of illegal arms across borders, but its implementation by nations has been weak. Tens of thousands of citizens are killed or injured from these weapons each year in high crime areas; even outside of war zones. The reason for this is because the weapons used are favored by terrorist networks. Nearly half of all international terrorist attacks recorded in the 2003 Department of State of Sweden announced that the perpetrator behind many terrorist incidents across the globe were these small arms and light weapons. This has been a very serious matter that the UN has focused on for years and still continues to do so today. 

Sweden has and will continue to support the effort made to prevent the illegal trade of arms between countries and across borders in hopes to secure peace.  In order to correct this issue, Sweden has had to correct other issues as a first step to combating the arms trade; increasing the role of women in contending the fight has already been proven central in relieving the topic. Sweden has been a long term advocate for the Arms Trade Treaty and continues to do so because it focuses on how it may impact the humanitarian side of the situation as it relates to the essence of Sweden’s security policies. Sweden has also been an active participant of disarmament in all areas, such as the Non-Proliferation treaty. 

To resolve this pressing issue, Sweden has been vocal in the fight for the role of women in the arms trade to become a priority on the agenda for the UN. The country is supporting the project created and headed by UNODA and UNREC which aims to increase the participation of women in the disarmament work.. The project’s main focus is to prevent acquisition of small arms, light weapons, and terrorists in the Lake Chad basin as well as in the Sahel. The reason behind putting these programs into action is because of the fatalities caused by this trade, women were among the top of whom were killed. So, by implementing women in roles of defense and combat, it will help educate and prepare women in how to defend. Sweden’s main priorities are to reduce weapons of grave violence and destruction. Sweden has been vocal about its priorities and support for preventing the illicit arms trade and disarmament, and hopes other nations will join together to try to prevent this trade.


  • Sweden
  • Claire Daniels

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Country: Afghanistan

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Preventing the illicit arms trade

Delegate: Thad Konieczny

School: Williamston High School


The illegal trade of armaments in the black market is one of the most pressing issues of our day, especially in the Middle East. Guns and other such weapons being illegally smuggled across borders result in many dangerous people and organizations receiving weapons that they should not have, including major terrorist organizations. The money made from these illegals dealings are also used for other illicit activities, such as the drug trade. Because of the differing gun laws between countries, this is also difficult to regulate on an international level. Another difficult part of this issue is what happens to third world countries whose economies also rely on this kind of trade to make money.

An unfortunate fact about Afghanistan that must be addressed here is that we rely very heavily on illicit arms trade in order to make money. We are not proud of it, but after years of warfare, it is what we must do to survive. We do want to do something about it, but when you are in the position we’re in, that’s difficult to do. We understand the concerns that other countries have about it, but trust us when we say that the money we make goes to other people, not for outside purposes.

In our opinion, these sort of illegal trades will happen no matter what we do. So Afghanistan proposes that we completely unregulate the arms market. In other words, we make small arms universally legal. This has a number of benefits. For one thing, this will remove the incentive to participate in illegal activities. For another thing, the flow of guns will be easier to track when they are legal. Finally, this won’t remove an important source of income for developing countries, when they need all the money they can get. We would like to clarify that this would not legalize large arms for general use. This would only apply to small arms, as this is the main topic at hand. While we understand the objections that some countries will have about such a radical change, we believe that this is the best solution for everyone. We expect support from other countries in the Middle East.


  • Afghanistan
  • Thaddeus Konieczny

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Country: Morocco
Committee: DISEC
Topic: Preventing the Illicit Arms Trade
Delegate: Joey Bennett
School: Williamston High School


With the illicit arms industry being a One Billion Dollar a year industry. The supply of small arms comes from groups in Africa and the middle east who raid unprotected government staches. These groups obtain illicit weapons by raiding weapons caches. These weapons are mainly left over soviet era weapons. 


With the global arms trade increasing by 16% in the past decade, the government of Morocco recognizes the need for reform and crackdown on the illicit arms trade plaguing the regions of Northern Africa and the Middle East. As the second-largest importer of legal arms in Africa, the Morrocan government stresses the need for a legal arms trade while illuminating the illegal arms trade aiding terrorist organizations like the Islamic State or the Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group. The government of Morocco has taken steps to ensure the flow and possession of arms within our borders has decreased. Guiding gun control legislation within our borders includes the Decree of 31 March of 1937, regulating the import, trade, carrying, possession, storage of arms and ammunition. In addition, the Moroccan government has created legislation that restricts the possession of handguns, long guns, and automatic weapons.


The first step in eliminating the illicit arms trade is halting the flow of weapons into terrorist organizations. The Moroccan government encourages the creation of an NGO that will monitor weapons trafficking and report back to this committee in an amount of time decided by this committee. In addition to halting the flow of illicit weapons, the delegation of Morocco would like to propose a committee that will advise governments big and small on how to properly protect weapon caches, stopping these groups from obtaining weapons. The delegation of Morocco releases its part in the illicit arms trade around the globe and will continue to halt the weapons trade our borders. The government of Morocco has taken steps to ensure the flow and possession of arms within our borders and hopes the rest of this committee has and will continue to take steps in ensuring civilian safety, and the elimination of the illicit arms trade around the globe.

  • Morocco
  • Joey Bennett

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Country: Morocco
Committee: DISEC
Topic: Private Military Contractors
Delegate: Joey Bennett
School: Williamston High School


Private military contractors or PMCs provide a wide range of services ranging  from repairing infrastructures like roads or pipelines to providing protection to convoys and military installations. Military contractors also provide protection to oil fields consulates, convoys, and residences.Private military contractors are a vital part of peacekeeping, protection, and repair of infrastructure. PMCs are a vital part of how wars are fought and won, but that does not mean that they should have unregulated operations.


On September 14th, 2011, A panel called the Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination, called for greater regulation of mercenaries and private military and security companies by both host and contributor countries to ensure respect for human rights and accountability for any abuses committed. The Moroccan government would like to echo these calls for the greater regulation of PMCs. The delegation of Morocco stresses the need for reform for PMCs and calls upon this committee to agree on a solution to stop massacres like Nisour Square and the Humanitarian debacle of Abu Ghraib.


The Delegation of Morocco would like to offer a three-step plan on reforming PMCs. First, the Moroccan government would like to create a panel like that of the panel a Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination, to evaluate the state of PMCs in Africa, the Middle East, and all around the globe. The second step is having UN inspectors inspect these corporations to root out the humanitarian woes waiting to happen. The third step is requesting the governments of this council to reform the PMCs within their borders with consideration to the findings of the inspectors and the Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination. The delegation of  Morocco is ecstatic to have the opportunity to reform the PMCs of the world, we are looking forward to meeting with all in committee and we hope to find a solution that works for all of the nations

  • Morocc
  • Joey Bennett

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Country: Brazil

Committee: DISEC

Topic: Illicit Arms Trade

Delegate: Matthew Jones

School: Williamston High School


    The modern arms industry really took off in the second half of the nineteenth century.  Smaller countries couldn’t meet there countries military arms demands so they started hiring out to foriegn companies.  Around WW1, France began to export weapons in extremely large amounts because there was little regulation on the export of weapons. The arms trade can be split into three main categories, land based, Aerospace, and Naval.  Land based can include anything from, small arms, to heavy artillery. Land based is the biggest on this list. Small arms are the hardest to control trade of and are made up of any firearms designed for individual use. Aerospace includes airplanes and missiles and any other air based weapon systems.  Naval systems include any system based on water, such as submarines and battleships.


Brazil has worked to stop the illicit sale of arms. Most recently Brazil has joined the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). ATT is a treaty to regulate the international trade of conventional weapons to contribute to international and regional peace. Also the treaty reduces human suffering and promotes cooperation, transparency, and responsible action by and among states.  ATT is the number one anti-illicit sale legislation. Brazil may export many small arms but is working to bring that number down and increase transparency of sales. Brazil has attended many anti-illicit arms trade conferences.

Going forward, we must reign back in the illicit arms trade.  Many ideas come to mind, but one of the best but hardest to implement would be an increase of border security.  It would result in less organizations getting their hands on illicit weapons. Larger countries would need to work with smaller countries to help secure their borders. Also, if neighboring countries could work together on border security instead of each country doing their own thing. Other options include; a committee to look into suspicious sales, and a ban on certain weapon sales.  Though the latter of the two would be an extreme case because firearm bans should be 100% national

  • Brazil
  • Matthew Jones

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It has been far too long that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has watched its western counterparts fail the international community. Decades of stability in the DPRK is constantly threatened by the military ignorance of other powerful nations much like itself. It is a job the DPRK takes upon itself to make those who have failed aware of said failures and allow them to chance to redeem themselves within the coming committee session. 

Keeping in mind the great benefit it has had for the international community, the failures of the United Nations cannot go unaddressed, especially pertaining to peacekeeping efforts being made worldwide. Currently, the United Nations has 100,000 peacekeepers deployed worldwide. These peacekeepers gloat massive budgets that sum up to 1.5 trillion Korean won. It is common protocol of peacekeeping military personnel to bring weapons not only on their person but in caches. These weapons often serve no purpose other than crowd control, as commonly practiced peacekeeping protocol does not involve firing upon civilian nor military targets. The weapons of peacekeepers are some of the most vulnerable firearms in the world. The lack of protocol pertaining to robberies and raids makes peacekeepers almost powerless as insurgents, terrorists, and criminals, steal their firearms and rotate them through illicit trade networks. One of the worst examples is the situation in the Darfur region of Sudan. Peaking at 100,000 in 2014, United Nations peacekeepers have amassed to attempt to quell the madness of the war-torn Darfur region. These peacekeepers brought caches of firearms and ammunition and kept those on their people as well. They often experienced roadside robberies and cache raids. In one instance a peacekeeping force lost over 100,000 rounds of ammunition to a group of insurgents. The constant robberies and raids created a drastic increase in the illicit trade of arms throughout the region, and contributed to the death and destruction that ensued following United Nations involvement. 

While the United Nations has been a major factor in the illicit arms trade, the DPRK must also stress that the relaxed gun laws and flawed trade deals of its western counterparts must be acknowledged. Some of the most powerful nations in the world have extremely relaxed laws that allow citizens, sometimes mentally unstable or of criminal nature, to get their hands on a small arm or light weapon with ease. The ease with which citizens can acquire firearms has also created a culture surrounding them. This culture often promotes violence, anarchy and bloodshed, while covering those views up with lies, manipulation, and the creation of a false need for “self defense”. The delegation can not stress enough how detrimental this type of law and culture surrounding firearms can be to areas affected most by the illicit arms trade: conflicted regions. Illicitly traded small and light arms have played a role in over 250 armed conflicts worldwide. That is rooted in the flawed trade agreements of western powers, trading firearms and munitions with unstable and untrustworthy nations, as well as their relaxed gun laws and violent culture surrounding firearms. 


The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea will always stand with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime(UNODC) and their goal to limit organized crime and the illicit trade of arms on a local and regional level. That policy may have to be reconsidered going forward though if the organization putting those goals forth, and the nations who maintain their membership, do not make the necessary reforms addressing the causes of the problem at hand stated above. The United Nations and its member nations must be the change they want to see take place throughout the world, because as long as the culture, protocol, and laws that contribute to the trade of illicit arms exist, this committee’s resolution will go nowhere.

  • The Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Benjamin M. Venus

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