September 16, 2019
 In 2023-De-escalation of Sectarian Conflict

Country: Belarus
Delegate Name: Prisha Thakker

Submitted To: Special Political Committee
From: The Republic of Belarus
Subject: De-escalation of Sectarian Conflict

The Republic of Belarus finds itself at the heart of the critical discourse surrounding the de-escalation of sectarian conflict within the United Nations Security Council. As a nation committed to the principles of peace, sovereignty, and international cooperation, Belarus recognizes the urgent need for collaborative efforts to address the multifaceted challenges posed by sectarian conflicts around the world. With its rich cultural diversity and historical experiences, Belarus understands the profound impact of sectarian tensions on social cohesion, regional stability, and global peace. Belarus approaches this discussion with a steadfast commitment to fostering diplomatic solutions that prioritize dialogue, inclusivity, and the protection of human rights.
The Republic of Belarus, situated at the crossroads of geopolitical complexities, approaches the discourse on guidelines for UN intervention in intrastate sectarian conflicts with a nuanced perspective deeply rooted in our commitment to national sovereignty and stability. Under President Alexander Lukashenko’s leadership, Belarus has consistently advocated for the principles of non-interference in the internal affairs of states. As a nation that has historically prioritized its sovereignty, we understand the delicate task before this committee in navigating the tensions between respecting the autonomy of states and the United Nations’ imperative to protect future generations from the devastation wrought by internal conflicts.
In balancing states’ interests in national sovereignty with the UN mission to preserve global peace, Belarus emphasizes the need for a cautious and measured approach. The experiences of Belarus, having overcome the challenges associated with its own post-Soviet transition, inform our delegation’s perspective. We contend that any guidelines devised by this committee should reflect the diversity of states, considering their unique histories, cultures, and political systems. Belarus asserts that a one-size-fits-all approach is not conducive to fostering international cooperation and understanding. Therefore, we urge the committee to craft guidelines that acknowledge the significance of respecting the diverse paths nations take in their development while simultaneously addressing the imperative of the UN to prevent and mitigate conflicts that may threaten the collective security of the international community.
While acknowledging the necessity for guidelines governing UN intervention in intrastate sectarian conflicts, Belarus urges the committee to deliberate on the nuanced question of whether the sectarian nature of a conflict should factor into the UN’s decision-making process. Belarus understands the gravity of sectarian tensions within a nation and acknowledges the potential for escalation. However, we contend that a careful assessment must be made to avoid inadvertently undermining the principles of national sovereignty. Belarus suggests that the UN should approach this question with sensitivity, recognizing that a broad understanding of the root causes of a conflict is imperative. It is our belief that the UN’s intervention, if deemed necessary, should be characterized by impartiality and a comprehensive understanding of the intricate socio-political dynamics at play.
Belarus points to the United Nations Charter, specifically underscoring the principles enshrined in Article 2, which emphasizes the sovereign equality of all member states and prohibits the use of force or interference in the internal affairs of sovereign nations. Belarus contends that any intervention framework must align with these foundational principles, ensuring a delicate balance between international intervention and the imperative to protect human rights and prevent conflicts. Belarus underscores the importance of ensuring that any UN intervention respects the sovereignty of the nation in question while effectively addressing the underlying causes of sectarian conflicts.
Regarding the weight given to the opinion of the domestic government on UN intervention, Belarus emphasizes the significance of acknowledging each nation’s right to determine its internal affairs. The opinions and desires of the domestic government should be duly considered in any UN decision-making process. Belarus, however, recognizes the potential challenges in cases where governments may not fully represent the diverse voices within a nation. Striking a balance between respecting the legitimate authority of the government and safeguarding the rights and aspirations of all segments of the population is crucial in ensuring the effectiveness and legitimacy of any UN intervention.
Belarus stands ready to actively engage in the committee’s efforts to set guidelines for UN intervention in intrastate sectarian conflicts. Our delegation emphasizes the need for a tailored approach that considers the unique circumstances of each nation, respecting their sovereignty while addressing the complex challenges posed by internal conflicts. Belarus advocates for a framework that strikes a delicate balance between preventing human suffering and upholding the principles of non-interference in domestic affairs. As we collectively navigate these discussions, Belarus remains committed to contributing constructively to establishing guidelines that reflect the diverse perspectives within the international community.

Works Cited
UN Policy Portal, Accessed 22 November 2023.
“Belarus – United States Department of State.” State Department, Accessed 22 November 2023.
“Peace and Security | United Nations.” the United Nations, Accessed 22 November 2023.