September 16, 2019
 In 2022-Improving Maternal Health

Country: Kenya
Delegate Name: Madelyn Sheridan

SUBJECT:(Maternal Health)

In Kenya the maternal mortality rate is incredibly high because kenya does not have advanced lifesaving reproductive healthcare. In some rural communities pregnant women have to walk for hours to reach healthcare facilities. Healthcare facilities in Kenya are in dire need of repair and in some cases need to be torn down and totally rebuilt. Kenya simply does not have enough resources like medicine, ultrasounds, blood tests and trained medical professionals for pregnant people in Kenya to get proper prepartum and postpartum healthcare. All of these obstacles get in the way and prevent people from having safe pregnancies and births. These issues all contribute to the extremely high maternal mortality in Kenya. How can healthcare facilities be improved to provide proper care to pregnant people? How can healthcare facilities keep their staff properly trained in reproductive health? Kenya thinks a good resolution should include a fund for improving under developed healthcare facilities. Another thing that a good resolution should have is a program to train healthcare professionals in reproductive healthcare. Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 focuses on improving maternal health around the world. In 2000 world leaders set a goal to reach MDG 5 yet the maternal mortality rate is still just as high as it was 20 years ago. The goal of MDG 5 was to decrease the rate of maternal mortality by 75% between 1990 and 2015. Sadly MDG 5 was not reached by 2015, and in 2021 the global maternal mortality rate was between 211-159 deaths per every 100,000 live births (0.002%). In 1990 the global maternal mortality rate was between 385-260 deaths per every 100,000 live births (0.003%). As you can see the maternal mortality rate has decreased in the past 40 years but it has not decreased enough especially considering the significant advancements made in medicine in the past 40 years. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.1 focuses on decreasing the maternal mortality rate to less that 70 deaths per every 100,000 deaths (0.0007%) by 2030, but the projected global maternal mortality rate for 2030 is 141 deaths per every 100,000 live births (0.0014%). MDG 5 and SDG 3.1 have been goals for many years and yet there still hasn’t been significant progress made in decreasing the global maternal mortality rate. Figuring out why these goals haven’t been as successful as they could be and then improving upon them in a resolution should be a priority for the committee. The nation of Kenya is devoted to decreasing the global maternal mortality rate and protecting people who are pregnant. People should not have to fear for their lives or the lives of their child when pregnant. Kenya is confident that we can find a solution to the extremely high maternal mortality rates and save lots of lives.

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