September 16, 2019
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 In Access to Water and Sanitation

Country: India
Delegate Name: Ricardo Pastor

As the world develops and gets bigger, more and more people require water and sanitation; according to the CDC, 2.2 billion people are not getting these resources. Clean water, a critical asset that every human should have, is not present for so many people across the globe. Studies have shown that humans can only live without water for three days. Even more disturbing, over 4.2 billion people have no source of sanitation. With a lack of sanitation, people can get sick, spread viruses, and much more. Currently, the UN is trying to combat this critical issue by forming Water and the Sustainable Development Goals. The program tackles these heart-hurting issues that have impacted so many.

India recognizes the impacts of the lack of clean water as less than 50 percent of the population has access to safe drinking water. The sad reality is that the water is chemically contaminated, mainly through fluoride and arsenic, present in 1.96 million dwellings. In addition, two-thirds of India’s 718 districts are affected by extreme water depletion. One of the challenges is the fast rate of groundwater depletion in India, which is known as the world’s highest user of this source due to the proliferation of drilling over the past few decades. The groundwater supplies 85 percent of drinking water in rural areas. India has agreed with the Sustainable Development Goals to improve the situation further. (UN)

The committee should look favorable on expanding and enhancing programs such as the Sustainable Development Goals. By recognizing that clean water is necessary to people around the world. Without the worry of contamination and clean water, countries can focus on economic growth and allow people to work and make the world better.

Sources:
“Global Wash Fast Facts.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 Apr. 2021, https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/wash_statistics.html.
– https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325174#how-long-can-you-live-without-water
– https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/water
– https://www.unicef.org/india/what-we-do/clean-drinking-water

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