September 16, 2019
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 In Autonomous Weapon Systems

Country: Brazil
Delegate Name: Unmun Kaur

Unmun Kaur
Brazil
Disarmament and International Security Committee
Autonomous Weapon Systems
Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy

To distinguish between the enemy or civilians standing in a crowded Battlespace. These systems have sensors that have various types to scrutinize the platform surroundings processing systems to classify objects which are discovered by the sensors as well as the algorithm from the platform is to initiate attack when an allowable target is detected.” Weapon systems that once activated can select and engage targets without further intervention by a human operator, “is a quote from the US Department of defense and how it describes autonomous weapon systems. If your weapons in active service presently exhibit all of these characteristics, many militaries employed close enable defense weapons such as the US. Autonomy then is a matter of degree, with machines receiving ever-increasing capacity to assess their surroundings and decide what to strike and when.

Thirty countries are calling for a ban on autonomous weapons, and one of these countries is Brazil. In Brazil, they are not referred to as autonomous weapons. They are referred to as killer robots. Brazil is one of the states party to the convention of certain conventional weapons and the advocate for legally binding instruments aimed at regulating the development and usage. According to a poll in December 2020, 62% of Brazilians were against lethal autonomous weapon systems and many other interviews conducted by a particular platform with 14 young leaders from different regions of Brazil between May and July 2021, which also highlighted significant concerns about said weapons. Most countries that use these weapons are substantial countries like the United States, United Kingdom, China, Russia, Israel, South Korea, and many smaller or poorer countries. The Brazilian Ministry of foreign affairs and many other Brazilian companies have discussed in an informal Bierman best practices to share knowledge on the topic as well as meetings in the UN group of governmental experts back in 2020. On May 30, Brazil announced their thoughts on these weapons in 2013 on fully autonomous weapons during Human Rights Council.

There are many things we can do to stop the production of these killer robots. One of them is to make an international law declaring that anything this advanced should not be used in the military field and tested thoroughly before bringing it out into real life. Many other countries with Brazil, including Pakistan, want to ban these weapons and have held many meetings on the systems since 2014. We would also like the law of war to be pushed out more since it is a legally binding international law on deploying or using fully autonomous weapon systems. The truth is these robots cannot fully always detect whether or not we are attacking our men on the other sides when or even civilians have nothing to do with the battle. Major countries are trying to demote that these weapons do not exist yet, but we all know that they have already started making them, and many countries have already started using them. Drones are a big part of warfare and are controlled by humans, a virtually autonomous weapon. For all of these reasons, we say that they should be banned from usage from any country.

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