September 16, 2019
 In Nuclear Reactors in Conflict Zones

Country: Brazil
Delegate Name: Gage Heslet

Brazil sees Nuclear reactors in conflict zones as a pressing issue. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has stated that “the operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities and activities using radioisotopes in science, industry and medicine generate radioactive waste.” This radioactive waste has been shown to be extremely harmful in cases such as Chernobyl and Fukushima. The overexposure of these high radiation levels have shown to negatively affect the environment and its inhabitants. Additionally, these disasters negatively affect the residents surrounding it by either killing them through radiation or by making it hard to relocate somewhere else after being forced to evacuate. Brazil believes that all of these outcomes need to be avoided no matter the cost.
Brazil considers the use of nuclear energy to be very helpful when used as an energy source. Even though we have dealt with problems ourselves in the past, we believe that these nuclear energy plants located in conflict zones can still be utilized. Some of the past problems with nuclear power plants Brazil have had are a shortage of steam supply for Angra 1, lack of finance, corruption probes, and radioactive contamination from the Goiânia accident. In the Goiânia accident, 249 of our citizens were contaminated and do not wish for any other nations’ citizens to suffer the same fate.
Recognizing the importance of nuclear plants within conflict zones, Brazil wishes to work out solutions that uphold its ideal on an international scale. Some of these solutions include a barrier on nuclear power plants, moving production to a safer area, and the possible practice of newly made procedures to evacuate the area within a plant safely. The nation of Brazil also wishes to emphasize the importance of safety and sustainability on nuclear power plants. Brazil’s nuclear power plants make up about 3% of entire energy usage and hopes to implement solutions that are respectful to all other nation’s beliefs along with our own. Making nuclear power plants in conflict zones safe for both the environment and its nation’s citizens is of most importance. As such, Brazil is excited to work towards the progress of safety towards nuclear energy in conflict zones.

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