Country: El Salvador
Topic: Reduction of Disaster
Delegate: Carly Clos
School: Williamston High School
Natural disasters are an occurrence that creates unimaginable obliteration and destruction, such as tornadoes, floods, earthquakes, tsunamis or volcanic eruptions. In addition to impacting the homes and wellbeing of people, disasters may cause economic devastation. Addressing major underlying problems, strong medical, transportation, sanitation, and power-distribution infrastructure allows for rapid disaster-prepared supplying of economic resources. This optimizes and keeps the consistency of service when disaster strikes, not to mention enabling aid delivery. Natural disasters kill around 90,000 people each year and impact approximately 160 million people worldwide. Dealing with the destructive habits of these disasters, and quickly and efficiently dealing with them are the main focuses of the UNDP. The UN Disaster Risk Reduction Office (UNDRR) is working towards significant disaster risk and loss reduction to ensure a sustainable future.
El Salvador has been vulnerable to disruptive earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tropical storms and droughts. Land deterioration and depletion, intensified by persistent floods and drought, provide a negative impact on agricultural production, further disrupting rural poor’s lives. The Salvadoran government has developed the El Salvador Disaster Risk Management Policy Loan in consideration of this vulnerability. This revolutionary financial asset enables quick access to funds for the country after a natural disaster. Thus, providing quicker emergency response while helping to prevent transferring tight budget funds from other development programs.
Nations should implement a financial security plan that can help long-term to shield their countries from the economic impact of crises, along with El Salvador. Countries need to be able to support themselves in times of need. Not only El Salvador, but other countries should improve their power to reduce the effects of natural disasters through the use of early warning systems. When citizens are more alert, they may brace for any catastrophe in advance. Nations which need food as a consequence of a devastating natural disaster need organisations who work to address starvation and prevent poverty so that the population does not crash. El Salvador wants to work with other countries suffering with many natural disasters.
- Carly Clos