September 16, 2019
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 In GLIMUN2019: Human Trafficking

Social Humanitarian and Cultural Committee 

Human Trafficking

Kingdom of Cambodia

Rohan Reddy

Forest Hills Eastern

 

Human trafficking is the illegal transfer of humans from one area to another and usually is for forced labor or forced sexual acts. According to UN Secretary-General António Guterres, human trafficking is a heinous crime in which around 30% percent of human trafficking victims are children, and they are forced to subject to forced labour, sexual exploitation, and other forms of abuse. He also states that there is an “everyday indifference to abuse and exploitation around us,” and how a variety of businesses and enterprises, such as construction companies to the food industry to consumer goods, benefit from the misery. He also states how international human trafficking should be the focus. Human trafficking is becoming a common occurence and is increasing in victims, especially female victims. According to the UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime), around 72% of detected victims are women or girls. Additionally, the UNODC reports that the percentage of child victims has more than doubled from 2004 to 2016. The UNODC states that on September 1st, 2010, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons to urge governments of all nations to take consistent actions to put a stop to this heinous crime. Although this was adopted, the contuinal increase in victims signifies how human trafficking remains a serious issue and how the plan of action did not succeed in its goal. 

 

As a country that has noticed the horrors of human trafficking in other countries, and Cambodia’s own borders, the Kingdom of Camobida acknowledges the importance of a solution to international human trafficking. Although Cambodia, in many cases, is the destination or the illegal transit of human trafficking victims, the government is making steps to try to abolish it. According to the UN Refugee Agency’s 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report for Cambodia, the Cambodian government has made a significant amount of increased efforts since the last report; however, the effect is minimal. Cambodia is trying to implement it. The USA, as of June 20th, 2019, is threatening to place economic sanctions on Cambodia unless we find more effetive solutions. This will not help the Kingdom of Cambodia, and any kind of aid would be more beneficial. (Reuters.com) is The Kingdom of Cambodia is spreading awareness of human trafficking (especially of children), create incentives for safe migration to other countries, and increasing prosecututions and convictions of many more human traffickers.

 

The Kingdom of Cambodia proposes that the Social Humanitarian and Cultural Committee to urge for the continuation of the Persons Reports and harsher punishments for traffickers in countries. As a country that has had many cases of human trafficking, and is taking steps to decrease the rates of human trafficking, we believe the UN should be involved with helping find a way to protect countries from international human trafficking and not punish nations who are trying to find effective solutions to stop human trafficking.

 

  • Rohan Reddy

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