September 16, 2019
 In 2021-Improvised Explosive Devices

Country: Russian Federation
Delegate Name: Eva Schwark

Committee: Disarmament and International Security Committee
Topic: Improvised Explosive Devices
Country: Russian Federation
Delegate: Eva Schwark

Talk of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) has become less common in recent times. This is partially due to the reduced presence of Western nations in areas affected by IEDS. Afghanistan and Iraq are a few of the nations currently affected by IED attacks. IEDs are also present in some African nations, which the West has all but avoided for a long time. IEDs pose a serious threat to nations affected and are a significant cause of death in war zones, especially in nations troubled by conflict. Not only weapons of land, IEDs in the form of drones have become more popular over the years. Drones have the ability to get to less accessible areas, widening the range for offensive nations, groups, or other subsets of people to attack.
The Russian Federation firmly believes that the issues posed by IEDs can be improved upon by the development of Counter-IED efforts. These efforts should include training for IED detection and interception. They should also include funding for the development of IED detection and neutralization methods, such as sensors, visual detection (requiring training) and lasers.
Another main talking point on counteracting IEDs is getting to the root of the problem – production. The Russian Federation aims to continue its efforts to halt the production of IEDs by way of detecting and disrupting production sites. The fact that IEDs are easy to mass produce makes the detection of production sites easier as well, especially in targeted zones such as Iraq and Syria. When an IED of any form is detected, the detonated material should be collected for further analysis in order to pinpoint production sites and research the construction of the weapon itself. The Russian Federation is working actively on doing this, and urges any able nation to contribute their ability as well. The Russian Federation stands by action against the use of IEDs and looks towards a comprehensive resolution in order to expand efforts worldwide.