September 16, 2019
 In 2024-Tuberculosis

Topic: 2024-Tuberculosis
Country: Japan
Delegate Name: Brady Mason

The increase in tuberculosis (TB) cases from 2021 to 2022 may be attributed to various factors including disruptions in healthcare services due to the COVID-19 pandemic, inadequate access to TB diagnosis and treatment, and challenges in reaching vulnerable populations such as those living in poverty. Addressing this increase requires strengthening healthcare systems, ensuring access to affordable and quality TB diagnostics and treatment, implementing targeted interventions for high-risk populations, and promoting public awareness and education about TB prevention and control measures.
To reduce the financial burden of tuberculosis treatment on households, it is important to implement strategies that provide financial risk protection and alleviate the economic impact of TB. This can be achieved through measures such as expanding social health insurance coverage to include TB-related costs, providing subsidies or financial assistance for TB diagnosis and treatment, implementing income support programs for TB patients and their families, and getting international donors to mobilize resources for TB prevention and control efforts.
The increase in drug-resistant TB cases in the regions of the Americas and Southeast Asia is a concerning trend that necessitates urgent action. Factors contributing to this rise include inadequate access to quality healthcare services, inappropriate use of anti-TB drugs, incomplete treatment regimens, and poor infection control measures. Addressing this challenge requires a comprehensive approach involving strengthening capacity for drug testing, ensuring access to TB drugs, improving TB treatment, enhancing infection control measures in healthcare settings, and promoting collaborative efforts at the national, regional, and global levels. Japan’s UN perspective underscores the importance of international cooperation and support to combat drug-resistant TB, including financial assistance, technical expertise, and knowledge sharing to facilitate the implementation of evidence-based interventions and achieve sustainable impact in TB control efforts worldwide.