September 16, 2019
 In 2024-Situation in Afghanistan

Topic: 2024-Situation in Afghanistan
Country: Albania
Delegate Name: Taha Ibrahim

United Nations Security Council
Situation in Afghanistan
Republic of Albania
Taha Ibrahim
Forest Hills Northern HS

Afghanistan, known as the graveyard of empires, has long been a nation with large geopolitical significance. The current government of Afghanistan, also known as the Taliban, had at one point been the government in the past as a product of the Cold War. That government would be ousted by the United States five years after their establishment. Control of the nation would be given to the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF), and the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. These forces have been regularly attacked by the Taliban since 2001. By 2020, the US would agree to leave Afghanistan with conditions to stabilize the country. The Taliban would violate the terms of the agreement and capture provinces controlled by the Afghani Government, with the capital Kabul being captured. Ever since, the Taliban has been the ruling government of Afghanistan, though, no country recognizes the Taliban as the legitimate government.

The Republic of Albania recognized that the most important thing to address regarding this current situation is the conditions of Afghani citizens. Currently, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) is tasked with supporting humanitarian assistance for the nation. This current mission is crucial to help maintain what little stability there is for the people, as over 100,000 have been killed in the past two decades, and over 24.4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid. Food has been a scarce commodity for many as inflation skyrocketed the price of goods and farmable land has been left ruined by the heat and flash flooding. Nations are unwilling to aid Afghanistan out of fear of legitimizing Taliban rule. To avoid this issue, Albania affirms that working with NGOs is essential. These NGOs can be used to help provide aid such as food, shelter, and medical supplies and to give them to the people to ensure that aid goes to the right people. NGOs can also be used to help establish better agricultural infrastructure. The second issue comes from the lack of severe restriction of rights for women under Taliban rule. When it comes to this, NGOs are still the best way to support women without legitimizing the Taliban. Some organizations can be primarily focused on the education sector, helping to provide education and schooling for young women, who have currently been deprived of education, effectively. The Republic of Albania also recognizes that the current mandate for UNAMA is set to expire in March, so renewing the mandate as well as expanding it to facilitate the aid mentioned earlier is of utmost importance.

Albania has made it very clear that the situation in Afghanistan is dire, and must be approached with a careful and thorough plan. The heavy displacement of people must be taken into account, since 2021, The Republic of Albania has been committed to sheltering and providing assistance to many people who’ve left their homes and communities. Working with UNICEF and UNHCR proves to be effective in aiding some of the over 120,000 refugees from Afghanistan. Albania calls on the international community to support the Afghan people in order to maintain their rights, improve their living conditions, and to stabilize the current situation. Albania stands ready to work with the rest of the Security Council to address this situation and to find a lasting solution.

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