September 16, 2019
 In 2024-Situation in Yemen

Topic: 2024-Situation in Yemen
Country: Indonesia
Delegate Name: Davis Mortenson

As the war in Yemen stretches on into its tenth year, hundreds of thousands of Yemenis continue to suffer from brutal airstrikes and severe hunger. The conflict originated in 2014, when Houthi insurgents, upset with the Hadi administration, took control of the capital, Sanaa, leading to a civil war. The conflict escalated into a proxy war, with the internationally recognized government, backed by a Saudi-led military coalition, pitted against the Houthi rebels supported by Iran. In this conflict, nearly 25,000 Saudi air strikes have been recorded, and the Houthis have begun attacking ships transiting through the Red Sea as the conflict in Gaza has continued. Within Yemen, an estimated 400,000 civilians have died, of hunger and from rampant air strikes.

Multiple countries continue to violate the arms embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council and several other countries. Saudi Arabia, in particular, continues to violate this embargo, the country itself directing thousands of airstrikes against the vulnerable Yemeni population. These countries supply weapons to both sides of the conflict, exacerbating the already disastrous humanitarian crisis. Indonesia believes it is necessary to increase diplomatic pressure on countries that supply these weapons, and possibly introduce sanctions/cease diplomatic ties with these countries that continue to do so.

The United Nations recognizes the government of Yemen, led by President Hadi, as the rightful government of Yemen. However, The Republic of Indonesia believes that from this point onwards, it is imperative to foster dialogue between the Hadi Administration and warring factions to come to a sustainable and long-lasting ceasefire. If there is to be any hope to guarantee a stable future for the Yemeni people, the United Nations must coordinate the delivery of both humanitarian and developmental aid. The United Nations must assist in rebuilding damaged and destroyed areas within Sanaa, as well as other urban areas to improve living conditions for Yemenis. However, in doing so, negotiations must be had with the Houthis, Hadi Government and all other involved parties to ensure the security of areas that are rebuilt.

In committee, the Republic of Indonesia will seek to work with all countries that are interested in hosting a round-table meeting with the Yemeni Government, Houthi Rebels and other insurgent groups to come to a sustainable ceasefire solution. Indonesia also looks to pass resolutions that will address the urgent need for Humanitarian and Developmental aid for the Yemeni People to guarantee the safety of future generations. The only way forward that will ensure a stable political situation, and improved living conditions for civilians are the solutions proposed above. The Republic of Indonesia looks forward to talking with delegates to form both targeted and comprehensive resolutions for this conflict.