Topic: Situation in Myanmar
Delegate Name: Iara Jones
The UNSCs goal in maintaining international peace and security is to serve the people’s good ultimately. The current situation in Myanmar has significantly reduced the peace and security of its citizens, especially those not in a position of power. An accumulation of poverty, natural disasters, and ongoing conflicts have created some of the world’s most isolated and vulnerable populations that need international support. According to the IRC, there are currently 1.7 million people displaced by the crisis. The Republic of China is one of Myanmar’s biggest trading partners, investing billions of dollars in mining, oil, and natural gas developments. China recognizes this economic trading partnership with Myenmar while also acknowledging the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) essential five-point peace plan to cease the violence triggered by the military. However, Myanmar has failed to follow the plan.
UNSC has adopted resolution 2669, which “Demands an immediate end to all forms of violence throughout the country, and urges restraint and de-escalation of tensions” and “Urges the Myanmar military to immediately release all arbitrarily detained prisoners”. This resolution also addresses ASEAN’s 5-point plan and its support for ASEAN’s mechanisms. While China agrees with ASEAN’s 5-point plan, the delegation would have preferred for the security council to make a formal statement on Myanmar rather than a resolution which is why abstaining was the most appropriate response during the voting procedure for the resolution. There is no easy and brisk solution to this complex situation, and the outcome of this crisis will largely depend on Myanmar. Currently, Pact is the largest global NGO at work in Myanmar today. Pact creates and implements projects that cover health, local government, civil strengthening, renewable energy, water, and sanitation.
China wants to help Myanmar as it battles national conflicts while recognizing its sovereignty. At this time, the Republic of China does not feel that the UNSC has the authority to interfere with the complete reform of the Myanmar government. Myanmar gained its independence 75 years ago. The UN needs to recognize its sovereignty and legitimacy by allowing peaceful political dialogue within the constitutional and legal framework to start the process of democratic transformation. The UNSC can maintain peace and security through humanitarian aid, which will positively impact those in need. Currently, providing humanitarian aid for Myenmar has proven to be misused when it has gone through major national institutions like Myenmar’s banking system. A resolution focused on the proper and effective implementation of humanitarian aid can support those who need it the most.