September 16, 2019
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 In Nuclear Disarmament and Emerging Nuclear States

Country: China
Delegate Name: Anna Crum

There is no denying the dangers of nuclear weaponry. Nuclear weapons have only been used two times in wartime in 1945 with the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki but the effects of these two attacks were devastating. Currently, nine countries have nuclear capabilities. These countries are the United States, Russia, France, China, the United Kingdom, Pakistan, India, Israel, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Many other countries are hosting nuclear weapons. As tensions rise across the globe between groups like NATO and CST as well as between countries the mission of the UN must not waiver. Peace has always been the goal and China hopes to further progress toward this goal. China supports non-proliferation, and China has actively stood for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons since first possessing nuclear capabilities. China keeps the minimum amount of nuclear weapons required for national security. China sees the importance of nuclear weapons as a deterrent to ensure national security and the safety of its people. A further spread of nuclear arms and nuclear war should be avoided.
China signed the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) on July 1, 1968. This treaty was ratified on January 27, 1970. China has pledged to a No First Use (NFU) policy on nuclear weapons which has been established since China first tested a nuclear weapon in 1964. China has also pledged to not use or threaten the use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states and nuclear-weapon-free zones. Both of these pledges are unconditional. The NPT has has little effect on China. China continues to support the NPT as China keeps national security as a priority. With 9 states already having nuclear weaponry and many others housing nuclear weapons. New nuclear states emerging is a problem. As the UN moves to solutions to further limit nuclear weapons, the emergence of new nuclear states should been seen as a threat to the goals the UN is moving towards. While the NPT is something China supports and adheres to, the TPNW may have a larger unwanted affect on China.
In the words of the Chinese premier, Li Song, “First, it is our top priority to maintain global strategic stability… Second, we must earnestly abide by and strengthen international arms control treaties and mechanisms”. China urges the two countries that posses the largest nuclear arsenals to fulfil their responsibilities toward nuclear disarmament. China encourages other nations who have not yet done so to adopt a NFU policy and posses the minimum amount of nuclear weapons needed to ensure their national security. China hope to work with many African nations and hope to reach out to all nations in solving this issue. China finds that Russia stance on disarmament would not necessarily be in the best interest for all while some other countries could be reminded of the possible advantages for all the nuclear weapons can provide.

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