Topic: Radicalization & Violent Extremism in Prisons
Delegate Name: Abby Grocki
Radicalization and violent extremism have been major issues worldwide for numerous years. Beginning with radicalization, societies have found a result in domestic acts of terrorism by former prisoners. The process of radicalization is an internal conflict within prisons as prisoners serve their sentences. As for violent extremism, societies worldwide are observing steady decreases in the important characteristics that the just systems provide such as peace, human rights, security, and sustainable development. In violent extremism, nations must put effort into finding the triggers of this aggression and where it stems from. Why the United Nations need to come together is to prepare these prison systems for the threats of violent extremism and radicalization, and to support all individuals returning to society from an imprisoned environment.
Malta has witnessed the acts of radicalization and violent extremism within the nation’s own prison. As an effect of these issues, Malta has observed an especially high recidivism rate of about 70% and climbing. The answer to why individuals of a past imprisonment have not corrected their lifestyles lies with what internal conflicts took place within the prison during the sentence. Malta desires to strive for an improved just system for all individuals of incriminating records. To do this, we must view what is being done correctly. For instance, taking a look at Norway’s statistics of imprisonment we see a 63 to 100,000 ratio while Malta is at 154 to 100,000, keeping in mind the European average is 117. Norway’s taxpayers are put at a higher cost due to the luxury prison environment they provide. In Malta, however, there have been complaints of the environment being presented and what support is offered during this time. Prisoners have been known to pursue lawsuits against the governments with segregation, limitations from work, sports, education, and overall being treated in an inhumane manner. Maltas only prison, the Corradino Correctional Facility (CCF), does not provide proper support from the staff on two levels: emotionally and practically. In order for Maltese prisoners to reform, adequate movements towards improving the mental and physical lifestyles of the individuals are required as stated in the Subsidiary legislation 260.03 prison regulations.
Maltas intentions are to provide an increase in the quality of prisons starting within. A great place to begin is simply educating prison staff on the providing of support and care needed for a rehabilitative system. Malta looks favorably upon any financial support/ aid concentrated towards a just prison environment. In doing so, the nation does not wish to interfere with any other nations national sovereignty. Forming allies with nations such as Italy, France, Norway, and Turkey would all be seen as beneficial to Maltas intentions of solving radicalization and violent extremism in prisons.