September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Repatriation of Refugees

Country: Ghana
Delegate Name: Melanie Milam

Committee: ECOSOC
Topic: Repatriation of Refugees
Country: Ghana
Delegate: Melanie Milam
School: Williamston High School

The Repatriation of refugees all over the world can be a major problem, especially for the receiving country—things like language barriers, housing, education, and jobs. There are many complications for the refugees, like proper medical care, housing, prejudice, and racism. The number of refugees has increased by almost 2 times the amount from the past year. There are few adequate places for them to live because there’s such a high number of refugees. The UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) was created to help the quickly rising refugee crisis. The UNHCR works to help people who are forced to flee their homes by providing basic things like health care, clean water, shelter, and human rights. Voluntary repatriation is one returning home once conditions in their countries have improved. This is helpful because it gives the refugee asylum while their home isn’t safe to be in, and on the receiving end, the country that the refugee is entering doesn’t have to provide for them for a long time.
The Ghanaian government previously worked with the UNHCR to help refugees coming into their countries after their switch back to democratic governance when they began receiving many refugees. While working with the UNHCR Ghana has been able to give many asylum seekers what they need. Ghana has organized the GRB (Ghana Refugee Board), The GRB plays several roles in helping the refugee crisis by doing things like considering applications, registering refugees, managing the refugee fund, and searching for non-governmental organizations for mutual support. As of today, Ghana houses its refugees in camps. These camps fail to provide basic things like healthcare facilities and schools.
Ghana would like to resolve this problem by making the camps that most refugees are living in more suitable by making sure there is sustainable health care, schooling, shelter, food, and water. This can happen by creating more governmental and non-governmental organizations to promote the refugee crisis and raise awareness of what is happening and what needs to be done. By giving these refugees a chance to rebuild their lives and begin making money and fending for themselves, they can start contributing to countries in very good ways.



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