Topic: 2023-Situation in Haiti
Delegate Name: Colin Zaremski
Today Haiti is riddled with instability and corruption within its government. The country has been taken over by warring gangs that have been terrorizing the local populations and preventing them from getting the necessary supplies they need. After the coup in 2004 is when the modern instability started and causing the United Nations Security Council to establish the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). In 2010 after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit the island the powers of MINUSTAH were expanded to try and help the people recover. Later in 2010 though, MINUSTAH caused a cholera epidemic to start in the country which worsened the humanitarian crisis that was already going on and made MINUSTAH very unpopular with the Haitian people and that forced the UN to replace MINUSTAH in 2017 to the United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH). Then, in 2019 MINUJUSTH would be replaced with the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH) which would signal the departure of the rest of the UN peacekeeping forces. After the peacekeepers the country went through many severe economic challenges and corruption in the government. In 2023 the president was ousted on accusations of corruption which then enabled gangs to start to take control of the country. Additionally In 2023, the cholera epidemic is starting to reemerge and with humanitarian aid thrown out of the country by gangs things will only get worse. Now many countries have shown interest in sending in a peacekeeping force to help support what’s remaining of the police and try to take the country back from the gangs. Kenya is at the lead of throwing together a coalition and many countries in the Caribbean have shown interest in sending forces to help.
The People’s Republic of China has been concerned by the current humanitarian crisis occurring in Haiti and has shown sympathy to the struggling people of the country. China has also called upon the Security Council to bring more attention to the situation and has called upon the Haitian government to call upon the UN to do help with their situation. China believes that the Haitian government should assume their responsibilities to bring help to their people as well. Also bringing support from the international community to help is something that China has been calling for and bringing long-term peace, stability, and sustainable development of the country.
China has supported extending BINUH past its current deadline of July 15th, 2024. Plans are also being made to send an estimated 30 billion US dollars to help Haiti’s infrastructure. Calls have also been made to try to throw together a stronger government that will help stop the gangs and fill the power vacuum which these gangs are trying to fill. China also wants the establishment of a multinational police unit in Haiti to support the government and is helping Kenya get its plan up and going to help the people of Haiti. China hopes that other countries will model their goals after China’s commitment to helping the Haitian people.