September 16, 2019
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 In Antibiotic Resistance

Country: Turkey
Delegate Name: Keira heathcock

Delegate: Keira Heathcock
Country: Turkiye
Committee: World Health Organization
Topic: Antibiotic Resistance

My country Turkey has consistently been among the top nations for antibiotic consumption. Antibiotic prescriptions decreased during the course of the four-year National Action Plan for Rational Drug Use, falling from 34.9% in 2011 to 24.6% in 2018. The root of the antibiotic resistance problem is antibiotics itself. While some bacteria die when we take antibiotics, resistant bacteria can live and even grow. Antibiotic usage increases the number of microorganisms with resistance. Bacteria have a greater chance of developing antibiotic resistance the more frequently we use antibiotics.

Antimicrobial resistance has increased adverse effects, disability, and mortality while making it more difficult to treat many common infectious illnesses such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, and salmonellosis. Antimicrobial resistance makes treatment more complex, which necessitates more diagnostic testing and treatments, and longer hospital stays, which can increase the cost of medical bills.

According to the world health organization Steps can be taken to limit the spread of resistance such as only using antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health professional, Never demanding antibiotics if your health worker says you don’t need them, Always following your health worker’s advice when using antibiotics, Never share or use leftover antibiotics, Prevent infections by regularly washing hands, preparing food hygienically, avoiding close contact with sick people, and keeping vaccinations up to date and Prepare food hygienically, following the WHO Five Keys to Safer Food (keep clean, separate raw and cooked, cook thoroughly, keep food at safe temperatures, use safe water and raw materials) and choose foods that have been produced without the use of antibiotics for growth promotion or disease prevention in healthy animals.
This issue affects anyone at any age in any country, it’s important that we stop this issue so people can learn and teach others to not continue the cycle.

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