September 16, 2019
 In 2023-Use of the Death Penalty

Country: Ghana
Delegate Name: Melanie Milam

Committee: ECOSOC
Topic: Use of The Death Penalty
Country: Ghana
Delegate: Melanie Milam
School: Williamston High School

The death penalty is the government executing people for capital offenses, such as murder, genocide, and treason. The use of the death penalty was at its peak in the 1980s and has made a significant decrease compared to today, in some countries it is completely abolished. The use of the death penalty in most lower-middle-class countries with high crime rates is solely kept in use because they can’t afford to house all the imprisoned people. The death penalty is extremely controversial, while some believe that it makes our world safer, others say that it strongly goes against their religion and that no living person is to be killed in any unnatural way. As of today, 109 countries have completely abolished the death penalty and 55 continue to use it.
Recently Ghana voted to remove the death penalty for crimes including murder and won the vote. With capital punishment still being allowed for high treason, Ghana took another vote on August 11, 2023, to completely abolish the death penalty and went on to win the vote. Now everyone who was sentenced to the death penalty was sentenced to life in prison. Even though capital punishment was allowed before this took place Ghana had not executed since 1993.
Since Ghana no longer uses capital punishment, they now have to find an effective way to humanely house all the imprisoned people. Prisons in Ghana tend to be overpopulated, unsanitary, lack proper medical care, and lack space. Ghana has yet to make the effort to improve the infrastructure or do much to help these conditions whatsoever. Ghana would like to propose putting forth the effort in creating more programs/organizations to help fund making the living conditions in the prisons safer and healthier.

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