September 16, 2019
 In 2021-Access to Water and Sanitation

Country: Viet Nam
Delegate Name: Olivia Bryan

Country: Viet Nam
Topic: Access to Water and Sanitation
Delegate: Olivia Bryan
School: Williamston High School

The issue of access to water and sanitation has been a controversial topic for a long time. In 2017, over 785 million people were denied access to water services and more than 884 million lacked access to clean, drinkable water. Around 9% of global deaths of children under the age of 5 has been traced back to unclean drinking water and poor sanitation. Many programs have been put into place to combat this problem and as of 2020 over 74% of the global population has access to a safely managed water service system. The increase in the access to clean drinking water and sanitation throughout the world is significant. The United Nations needs to decide what actions should or should not be taken in regards to furthering our global water sanitation situation.

Vietnam’s interest in the issue of water safety and sanitation revolves mainly around the furthering of its efforts towards clean water and sanitation. As one of the countries affected, Vietnam strongly believes that better opportunities towards helping its people with this problem would be beneficial to its economy. Vietnam feels that this problem directly affects its people especially with the studies that have been done on stunted growth of children under the age of five in the country. Vietnam has already passed a decree on clean water production, supply, and consumption. As the fourth- largest producer of aquaculture products and with irrigation bringing livelihoods to around half of its workforce, Vietnam has interest in furthering its efforts to end this problem.

Vietnam would present as a solution joining a global organization with the intent of providing access to clean water and sanitation. Vietnam would also propose an effort to make this issue a leading policy in its government. Vietnam does not wish to impede on any country’s sovereignty. Vietnam believes that each individual country should be taking measures to help its own peoples. Vietnam anticipates finding allies in fellow aquaculture producing countries such as China and India as well as leaders in the efforts toward safe water and sanitation such as the U.S.