September 16, 2019
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 In Determining the Legitimacy of Secession Movements

Country: Nigeria
Delegate Name: Juliet Guenther

Delegate: Juliet Guenther
Country: Federal Republic of Nigeria
Committee: SPECPOL
Topic: Determining the legitimacy of secession movements.

Secession movements are a prevalent issue where are party seeks to split off from a pre-existing state. Secession movements are also referred to as separatist movements, and they have been prevalent throughout history. There are over 60 secession movements active as of 2022. The issue we face is justifying, and finding legitimacy within these movements. Causes can be found from mistreatment, and/or oppression of a population. These movements often cause violence, and even military conflict.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria has experienced secession and secession movements. On October 1st, 1960 Nigeria declared independence from the British government. Ever since colonial times, there have been secession movements in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Due to the Republic of Nigeria’s past, the Republic of Nigeria is in full support of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples. While that is what is supported for colonies the Republic of Nigeria does not view the secession movements as legitimate.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria plans on supporting policies that make secession with colonies. While making secession harder for movements trying to separate territory that borders the country they’re separating from. The Federal Republic of Nigeria will support policies that follow either of these values and pursue allyship with countries that share these values.

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