September 16, 2019
 In 2021-Climate Change and Infectious Disease

Country: Japan
Delegate Name: Madison Gruber

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts can be natural, but since the 1800s, human activities have been the principal driver of climate change, primarily due to the burning of fossil fuels. Global warming and climate change have several influences on human health. Infectious diseases are ailments caused by organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. Many microorganisms live in harmony in and on our bodies and are typically harmless. However, in some circumstances, microorganisms can cause disease. Water/foodborne infectious diseases and vector-borne infectious diseases are most affected by climate change. Even with expansive and robust mitigation procedures, global warming has been inevitable for decades and will continue to progress. Although the impacts of global warming on infectious diseases have not yet impacted the entirety of the globe, these consequences will appear everywhere if climate change continues to advance. Further research on the correlation between climate change and infectious diseases should be administered to counteract additional spread.

Climate change is an issue that requires immediate action from the international community. Based on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Conference of Parties has been a pivot for active discussions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the global level. Japan has emphasized the importance of extending support on climate change to developing countries. Since there are no national borders for climate change, it is essential that each country works through mitigation and adaptation. The responsibility of developed countries to support developing countries is stipulated in international frameworks and we must work together to face these challenges.